Words And Their Meanings - Phil Carlisle


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  • Words And Their Meanings - Phil Carlisle

    1. 1. Three nations separated by a commonlanguage: Building the Thesaurus of CulturalHeritage.Presenter: Phil Carlisle English HeritageDate: Wednesday 21st, November 2012 TRACK 3: NEW FRONTIERS IN INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SESSION: WORDS AND THEIR MEANINGS
    2. 2. Introduction• About me• Background• The Thesaurus of Cultural Heritage• Scope of the project• Problems• One possible solution
    3. 3. Background• 1908 - Establishment of the Royal Commissions on the Historical Monuments of England, and the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland and Wales• 1930s - Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division• 1980s - OS records cards transferred to RCHME/RCAHMS/RCAHMW• 1990s - Computerization of OS record cards to create the National Monument Records• 1995 – Publication of RCHME/EH thesauri• 1999 – RCHME/English Heritage Merger
    4. 4. Thesaurus of Cultural Heritage• First conceived in 2000 (!) as the British and Irish Thesaurus of Cultural Heritage• Intended to provide a common terminology for use in recording the built and buried heritage of the UK and Ireland• RCHME/EH thesauri• RCAHMS wordlists• RCAHMW wordlist
    5. 5. Scope of the project• Combine the terminologies relating to Monument Type in use by the 3 home nations’ National Monuments Records (NMRs)• Extend vocabularies to include Welsh and Scots Gaelic• Add other vocabularies to create Uber-thesaurus• Include Periods• Add images• Add articles
    6. 6. Obstacles to collaboration• Different perspectives on: – Regional terminology – Periods and dating• Different recording practices – Phasing• Standard Deviation – When is it okay to change a standard – When is a castle a concentric castle?
    7. 7. Aerial view of Mid Vord Cairn and Treawick Township. Copyright RCAHMS
    8. 8. Regional Terminology• English – Plain An Gwarry - Cornish Amphitheatre – Wootton Hill Style Enclosure – a defended enclosure usually found in Northamptonshire – Jube/cludgie/jakes/gong – toilets• Scottish – Township - A group of dwellings, associated farm buildings and land, held by two or more joint tenants usually working the land communally. Includes Clachan and Fermtoun – Backlands - An area of open ground associated with a medieval urban dwelling. – Blackhouse - A dwelling comprising byre, barn and living quarters, with walls consisting of inner and outer dry stone facings with an insulating turf core.• Welsh – Llys - Regional court or administrative centre of a Welsh Prince. – Ty Bach - A small building containing a lavatory. – Argae - a flood defence bank in the Upper Severn Valley
    9. 9. Case Study “VALLUM”• Same word, different meanings – EH Term = VALLUM (BT RAMPART) • “A flat bottomed ditch flanked by mounds running to the south of Hadrians Wall for much of its length, marking the boundary of the military zone.” – RCAHMS Term = VALLUM (BT BOUNDARY EARTHWORK) • A boundary comprising a ditch and one or more earth banks. Usually associated with either a monastery or a Roman military installation. – RCAHMW Term = Monastic Vallum USE RELIGIOUS HOUSE
    10. 10. Periods and dating• ROMAN – England & Wales • 43AD-410AD – Scotland • No Roman Period• MEDIEVAL – England • 1066-1540 (dissolution of the monasteries) – Wales • 1066-1536 (Act of Union between England and Wales) – Scotland • 1058-1542 (Ascension to the throne of Mary Queen of Scots)
    11. 11. Recording Practice: Phasing a site• EH - Record may have multiple periods involving multiple site types split into distinct phases• RCAHMW – Multiple periods, multiple site types• RCAHMS - Only dating for Prehistoric, Roman and 20th Century, multiple site types per record
    12. 12. Standard Deviation• EH Thesaurus of Monument Types forms basis of both Scottish and Welsh Thesauri• Scottish and Welsh ‘stripped back’ – CASTLE but not CONCENTRIC CASTLE – PILLBOX but not PILLBOX (TYPE FW3/24)• Hierarchical, Equivalent and Associative relationships have been altered and/or removed
    13. 13. RAF Aerial View of Beaumaris Castle, Anglesey. Copyright RCAHMW
    14. 14. Case Study “CASTLE”• Welsh thesaurus stripped back to only include ‘CASTLE’• Wales has the most and best examples of concentric castles in the UK including Beaumaris• Conversely England has no true concentric castle
    15. 15. Solving the problem• Move to a ‘concept’ based rather than ‘term’ based KOSBut…• Requirement for a collaborative editing tool• Requirement for a CHEAP editing tool• Needs to be future-proofed• Needs to be able to create/host/map terminologies• Needs to be accessible remotely• Needs to allow different levels of access• Needs to allow multilingual capability
    16. 16. www.ehkos.org.uk• Intended as a collaborative tool for use by the heritage community• Intended to be ‘All-singing, all- dancing’ with more bells and whistles than are strictly necessary• Phase 1 – completed in 2006• Developed in-house (EH) on a shoe-string budget• Phase 1 – Live (ish) but bug-tastic• Phase 2 – In the process of being specified• Unlikely to be funded internally
    17. 17. Editing• Allows registered users to contribute• 3 levels of access• Registered – submit candidate concepts• Admin – manage KOS• Super User – manage KOS and users
    18. 18. Mapping(and other fancy stuff coming soon hopefully)• Tool enables terminologies to be imported and mapped to core vocabularies• Manages controlled vocabularies of all types. – Including People and Organisations• Able to create new relationship types including CIDOC- CRM properties• Export/import in various formats including BS8723, SKOS, csv etc.
    19. 19. ContactPhil CarlisleData Standards Unit,English HeritageThe Engine HouseFire Fly AvenueSwindonSN2 2EHEmail: philip.carlisle@english-heritage.org.ukEH Thesauri: http://thesaurus.english-heritage.org.uk/EHKOS: http://www.ehkos.org.uk/RCAHMS Thesaurus: http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/RCAHMW Thesaurus: http://www.coflein.gov.uk/