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Introduction to theology of the body class 3


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Commentary on Introduction to Theology of the Body by Chris West from Ascension Press

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Introduction to theology of the body class 3

  1. 1. Questions to Ponder<br />1. Why does Bl. John Paul II begin with this quote from St. Matthew’s Gospel – “For your hardness of heart, Moses allowed you to divorce your wives, but the beginning it was not so” (Matthew 19:8)<br />2. What do you understand in the phrase “Christ fully reveals man to himself” to mean?<br />3. In what primary way did Adam realize that he was “different: from the animals?<br />4. Bl. John Paul II quotes Vatican II saying, “man cannot fully find himself except through the sincere gift of self.” What do you understand this to mean?<br />5. Becoming one “flesh” refers to much more than the joining of two bodies. Why?<br />6. Bl. John Paul II says we not only image God as individuals through our rational soul but also through our bodies. What does this mean?<br />7. Why were Adam and Eve not ashamed in their nakedness prior to the fall.<br />8. How did Adam and Eve experience sexual desire prior to the Fall?<br />9. What does “spousal” mean? What other words could be used to describe the phrase, “Spousal meaning of the body?”<br />(quoted from An introduction to Theology of the Body Leaders: guide, by Christopher West, p. 19 (Ascension Press, West Chester, PA: 2008)<br />
  2. 2. Christ points us back to the beginning<br />“For your hardness of heart, Moses allowed you to divorce your wives, but the beginning it was not so” (Matthew 19:8)<br />
  3. 3. The original experience of man before the fall – An integral vision of man<br />Original solitude – Man was not made to live alone; he was made to be a social animal.<br />Original unity – Man and woman are the same nature and they are capable of understanding each other in a way different from all other animals.<br />Original Nakedness – Before the fall man and woman had an integral experience of their emotions and intellect.<br />Their desires were oriented to give themselves truly over to the other<br />This otherness goes to the fundamental nature of man<br />
  4. 4. Some fundamental ideas developed by John Paul II <br />Spousal significance of the body<br />The Communio personarum – Man finds himself not so much in his solitude but in the community of persons. <br />Self-Giving – Man fundamentally discovers Himself and the meaning of his self-existence in a sincere gift of Himself to another<br />The language of the body<br />
  5. 5. Male and female are made to give themselves to each other. <br />
  6. 6. The man and woman were made for each other<br />
  7. 7. The very DNA of the man and woman shows this<br />
  8. 8. Bl. John Paul developed a richer understanding of the human person<br />
  9. 9. The creation of Man<br />
  10. 10. Bl. John Paul II recognized the need to develop a better understanding of the human person that recognizes the unique spousal significance of the body.<br />This should recognize that the body images God and not just the soul<br />This forever preserves the unity of the Body and the Soul, the hylomorphic relationship.<br />the connection of sexuality to spirituality in the proper sense<br />
  11. 11. His primary purposes were: <br />to overcome some mistaken views of the body coming from the modern world<br />Develop a better anthropology (integral vision of man) to help the modern world understanding the teaching of Humanae Vitae<br />To develop the spousal significance of the body as at the foundation of man as made in the image of God. This part I will develop more as we go along<br />To show how the unitive and the procreative meaning of the body can never be separated<br />
  12. 12. We are fundamentally social animals<br />Sin obscured our social nature<br />Golem in his cave from Lord of the Rings<br />
  13. 13. “Christ fully reveals man to himself”<br />Michelangelo<br />St. Francis of Assisi being clothed by Bishop<br />
  14. 14. He changes who we are<br />She moved from being a Communist for the poor to lover of the poor <br />
  15. 15. He changes the way we see created reality, the material world of bodies<br />Jackson Pollack work<br />What is the difference between the sistine chapel and Jackson Pollack’s works?<br />
  16. 16. Christ conquers LuciferDepiction of Lucifer by Jackson Pollack<br />
  17. 17. The spousal significance of the body open us to the language of the body <br />The body as made in two incarnations, male and female, has language of its own. <br />There is a truth and falsehood to sexuality in as much as one withholds or gives themselves completely over to the other in marriage<br />Idolatry and adultery are linked etymologically and historically showing how true worship of God is imaged through the marital embrace.<br />