Trichuris trihiura whipworm eggNecator americanus hookworm egg                   Hookworm eggs   Ascaris lumbricoides roun...
Intestinal Parasites• Intestinal parasites cause many illnesses and mortality  throughout the world• More than 1.3 billion...
Intestinal Parasites• Intestinal parasites cause many illnesses and mortality  throughout the world• Trichuriasis afflicts...
Intestinal Parasites• Hookworms infect over 1.25 billion people throughout the  world. The hookworms (Necator americanus, ...
Intestinal ParasitesParasite Infections Cause•   Diarrhea, Blood in the stool, Dehydration•   Aggravate malnutrition & Wei...
Intestinal Parasites  Groups in high risk  •Children  •Pregnant women  •Elderly  •People with comorbidities     • Cancer p...
Intestinal Parasites  Intestinal Parasite Infections in Children     • Weighed as much as two kilograms less than healthy ...
Intestinal Parasites  Intestinal Parasite Infections in Pregnant Women         •    Increase anaemia         •    Low preg...
Intestinal Parasites  Intestinal Parasite Infections in Elderly         • Gastrointestinal problems are among the most com...
Intestinal Parasites  Intestinal Parasite Infections in People with  Comorbidities         • Infectious complications are ...
Intestinal Parasite Data: WHO• Major cause of human disease and misery• Plague billions of people• Kill millions annually•...
Diagnosis of Intestinal Parasite Infections Sample Preparation: Concentration Maximizes the numbers of ova, cysts & larvae...
Diagnosis of Intestinal Parasite Infections Sample Analysis • High Sensitivity with great Morphology of ova and oocysts • ...
Want More Info?Contact Mediterranea Pte Ltd (Singapore)Website:www.Mediterranea.com.sgEmail:info@mediterranea.com.sgPhone:...
Intestinal Parasite Infections Affect Billions of People Worldwide
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Intestinal Parasite Infections Affect Billions of People Worldwide

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Intestinal Parasitic Infections such as hookworms, whipworms and roundworms, affect billions of people and kill millions annually.
Intestinal parasite infections cause diarrhea for an extended period of time, blood in the stool, dehydration, they aggravate malnutrition and weight loss, cause protein & micronutrition depletion, promote anaemia and fatigue. Specific negative effects include intestinal inflammation and changes in gastrointestinal physiology. And if left untreated, leads to irreversible organ damage. Parasite infections inhibit growth, and increase morbidity and mortality.
Parasitic diseases are a present and worsening threat to human health and welfare around the globe. Therefore, health care resources must be used for their control, and before that, to reliably diagnose Intestinal Parasite infections.


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Intestinal Parasite Infections Affect Billions of People Worldwide

  1. 1. Trichuris trihiura whipworm eggNecator americanus hookworm egg Hookworm eggs Ascaris lumbricoides roundworm egg WHY IS IDENTIFYING INTESTINAL PARASITES IMPORTANT?
  2. 2. Intestinal Parasites• Intestinal parasites cause many illnesses and mortality throughout the world• More than 1.3 billion people worldwide have ascariasis, and 250 million suffer from associated morbidity Ascariasis: disease of humans caused by the parasitic roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides Ascaris lumbricoides roundworm Source: World Health Organization 2004
  3. 3. Intestinal Parasites• Intestinal parasites cause many illnesses and mortality throughout the world• Trichuriasis afflicts about 1 billion people throughout the world Trichuriasis: parasitic infection in the gut the caused by the parasitic whipworm Trichuris trichiura Trichuris trichiura whipworm Source: World Health Organization 2004
  4. 4. Intestinal Parasites• Hookworms infect over 1.25 billion people throughout the world. The hookworms (Necator americanus, Ancylostoma duodenale) are medically important human parasites and cause serious morbidity in many parts of the world. Hookworm: live in the small intestine of the host sucking and ingesting blood through the intestine wall Hookworms Source: World Health Organization 2004
  5. 5. Intestinal ParasitesParasite Infections Cause• Diarrhea, Blood in the stool, Dehydration• Aggravate malnutrition & Weight loss• Protein & Micronutrition depletion• Promotes anaemia & Fatigue• Intestinal inflammation, alter gastrointestinal physiology• Inhibits growth• Morbidity and mortality Source: Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1996, Parasitology, Vol 121 2000 pp.S23-S38
  6. 6. Intestinal Parasites Groups in high risk •Children •Pregnant women •Elderly •People with comorbidities • Cancer patients • HIV patientsSource: Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1996, Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2006, J Diarrhoeal Dis Res 1997, Jpn, J. Infect. Dis 2002
  7. 7. Intestinal Parasites Intestinal Parasite Infections in Children • Weighed as much as two kilograms less than healthy children • Anaemic • Anti-parasite treatment: • dramatic increase in their short- and long-term memory • increase in reasoning capacity and reading comprehension • school absenteeism dropped by as much as 25%Source: Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1996, Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2006, J Diarrhoeal Dis Res 1997, Jpn, J. Infect. Dis 2002
  8. 8. Intestinal Parasites Intestinal Parasite Infections in Pregnant Women • Increase anaemia • Low pregnancy weight gain • Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) • Low birth weight (LBW) • Greater risks of infection • Higher perinatal mortality rates • Impact on new-born healthSource: Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1996, Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2006, J Diarrhoeal Dis Res 1997, Jpn, J. Infect. Dis 2002
  9. 9. Intestinal Parasites Intestinal Parasite Infections in Elderly • Gastrointestinal problems are among the most common health problems of elderly people (60+ years) • Leading cause of death • Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Nepal and India • Reported prevalence of intestinal parasitosisSource: Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1996, Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2006, J Diarrhoeal Dis Res 1997, Jpn, J. Infect. Dis 2002
  10. 10. Intestinal Parasites Intestinal Parasite Infections in People with Comorbidities • Infectious complications are frequent causes of morbidity and mortality • Cancer patients • Increased parasitic infections • HIV-seropositive and AIDS patients • Chronic diarrhea is responsible for considerable morbidity and mortalitySource: Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 1996, Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2006, J Diarrhoeal Dis Res 1997, Jpn, J. Infect. Dis 2002
  11. 11. Intestinal Parasite Data: WHO• Major cause of human disease and misery• Plague billions of people• Kill millions annually• Present and worsening threat to human health and welfare around the globe• The Global Burden of Disease • Intestinal Parasites 39 million disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) • Malaria 35.7million disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs)
  12. 12. Diagnosis of Intestinal Parasite Infections Sample Preparation: Concentration Maximizes the numbers of ova, cysts & larvae organisms detected which may be too scanty to be seen by direct microscopy alone. Poor concentration technique leads to poor recovery of parasites. •Difficult to diagnose •False negatives •Increased mortality
  13. 13. Diagnosis of Intestinal Parasite Infections Sample Analysis • High Sensitivity with great Morphology of ova and oocysts • Little or No cross-contamination risk • Consistent Results as it enables the laboratory to have a Standardised procedure in place • Safe for lab staff preferably no contact with hazardous samples or reagents • Minimum requirements for space and laboratory staff • Low cost
  14. 14. Want More Info?Contact Mediterranea Pte Ltd (Singapore)Website:www.Mediterranea.com.sgEmail:info@mediterranea.com.sgPhone:+65 6752 8967  

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