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Garment Defects

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You'll learn about more than 20 different quality defects related to garments and fabric that are typically found during pre-shipment product inspection. You'll also learn some of the common causes for these defects and how to prevent them.

And check out our comprehensive Garment Inspection Guideline to learn how to improve your garment QC: http://hubs.ly/H06K-mX0

Published in: Engineering

Garment Defects

  1. 1. *Common quality defects in garments and how to prevent or fix them. presents
  2. 2. BeforeWeBegin… Do you need help with garment inspections? Are you facing product quality problems and production and shipping delays?
  3. 3. BeforeWeBegin… Download our detailed reference guide focused specifically on conducting product inspection for garments!
  4. 4. Needhelpwith inspections? Click the link below to download our comprehensive Garment Inspection Guideline eBook for free!
  5. 5. 1. FabricDefects Sometimes issues found in garments can occur during production of the raw fabric, or textile, prior to use in garments.
  6. 6. Drop Stitches Dye Marks Laddering Bad selvedge Shade variation Horizontal lines Fabricdefectsoverview Imperfections Contaminants Stains
  7. 7. Drop stitches are randomly appearing holes in the fabric. DropStitches Ensuring a uniform yarn tension in the machine Regulating the yarn feed rate Making sure to use yarn with no imperfections for stitching Prevent drop stitching by:
  8. 8. Thoroughly inspecting the base grey fabric prior to stitching & using the appropriate dying agent Maintaining the correct pH Using a power backup to ensure the machine does not shut down during use Dyemarks Dye marks are irregular patches on the surface of dyed fabrics. Prevent dye marks by:
  9. 9. Source: textilelearner.blogspot.com Laddering Laddering is where vertical lines appear in the fabric due to broken needles. Prevent laddering by: Checking for uniform yarn tension Periodically changing or replacing needles Removing blockages in the feeder
  10. 10. Stains Stains appear as spots or patches of grease, oil or dyes of different color. Prevent stains by: Regularly cleaning machines Guarding moving parts Using plastic to protect the fabric
  11. 11. Badselvedge Bad selvedge occurs when the fabric ends are too far apart for the yarn thickness. Prevent bad selvedge Properly maintaining equipment Ensuring you have the proper settings on the machine for the fabric you are using
  12. 12. Shadevariation Shade variation is a difference in the depth of shade from roll to roll or piece to piece. Prevent shade variation by: Ensuring you use one lot of yarn for one shade of color and use a single set of parameters for the same lot
  13. 13. Horizontal Lines Horizontal lines are irregular lines running from side to side across the fabric. Prevent horizontal lines by: Regularly replacing the bobbin Consistently checking thread tension and positioning
  14. 14. 2. Workmanship/HandlingDefects Workmanship issues are those directly caused by the production processes of the garments themselves.
  15. 15. Seam puckering Shading variation Open/broken seams Untrimmed thread Sizingout of tolerance Misaligned buttons and holes WorkmanshipDefectsOverview Broken stitches Drop/skipped stitch Wavy stitching
  16. 16. SeamPuckering Seam puckering is the bunching of a seam. To prevent seam puckering: Check the thread tension during sewing Make sure fabric is fed through the machine at a constant rate
  17. 17. ShadingVariation Shading variation refers to differing color shades within garments. To prevent shading variation: Ensure workers are only combining garments of the same color and not taking shortcuts when cutting and bundling Proper numbering different cuts of fabric that vary in shade
  18. 18. Open/BrokenSeams Open seams are unstitched openings in seams seen in isolated units. To prevent open seams: Ensure workers are properly folding garments and not putting strain on the seam, as well as not cutting corners when sewing
  19. 19. BrokenStitch Broken stitches are evident as non continuous threads. To prevent broken stitches: Ensure workers aren’t too aggressive when trimming threads Ensure thread is being fed properly into the sewing machine
  20. 20. Dropstitch/skippedstitch Drop stitches are irregular instances of stitching along the seam. To prevent drop stitches: Ensure workers aren’t too rough when handling or cutting Ensure the sewing machine is properly calibrated
  21. 21. Wavystitching Wavy stitching occurs when stitches do not follow a straight line. To prevent wavy stitching: Ensure workers aren’t too rough when cutting & the sewing machine is properly maintained Make sure the correct needles are used for sewing
  22. 22. Untrimmed thread Untrimmed thread refers to extra or loose thread along a seam line. To prevent wavy stitching: Ensure workers are vigilant when performing internal QC and know how to properly trim excess thread
  23. 23. dimensionsout oftolerance Dimensions that are out of tolerance indicate differences in measurements of parts of a garment. To prevent dimension intolerance: Ensure workers have the proper measurement specifications and use the proper patterns Conduct first article inspection of a single piece of each size to identify any issues with dimensions early
  24. 24. Misalignedbuttons and holes Misaligned buttons and holes usually occur due to worker error. To prevent misalignment: Ensure workers are following specifications Ensure workers are vigilant at the end of the production line to catch any issues during internal QC checks
  25. 25. Defects of the color, size or placement of trim such as embroidery, print or zippers. 3. Trim &accessorydefects
  26. 26. Trim broken/insecure/inoperable Trim differs from specifications Trim bleeding Trim DefectsOverview
  27. 27. Trim broken/insecure/inoperable Trim operation issues are those where a clothing accessory is broken or trim isn’t secure. To prevent trim operation issues: Ensure workers aren’t rushing through production Catch any issues and address them during internal QC checks
  28. 28. • Incorrect color • Incorrect size • Missing trim Trim differsfrom specification Sometimes trim differs from the buyer’s specifications. Cases of this could include: To prevent specification deviance: Ensure all workers are familiar with the specifications Keep a product sample on hand for use as a guide for production
  29. 29. Source: thriftyfun.com Trim bleeding Trim bleeding occurs when the color of the trim leeches or transfers onto the garment fabric. To prevent trim bleeding: Ensure the garment is labeled with instructions for care Follow instruction for care as per the manufacturer’s care label
  30. 30. 1. textilelearner.blogspot.com 2. ehow.com 3. thriftyfun.com references
  31. 31. Here are just a few importers that have benefitted from our fabric and garment inspections:
  32. 32. Check out our comprehensive guideline for garment inspection! One lastthing...

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