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Bridging The Technology Divide

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Bridging The Technology Divide

  1. 1. Ideas for bridging the technology divide Nicolas di Tada, InSTEDD, nditada@instedd.org
  2. 2. Revisiting the mobile spectrum SMS Voice Mobile applications
  3. 3. Why is SMS difficult in Southeast Asia?
  4. 4. Challenges SMS illiteracy Phone interface not localized Character support and input methods
  5. 5. 27 letters 8 buttons
  6. 6. 50+ letters 8 buttons
  7. 7. What about voice?
  8. 8. nine cholera nine ........era thirteen dengue ....teen dengue
  9. 9. Sorry doctor, I’m calling to report a case...
  10. 10. $
  11. 11. Mobile applications
  12. 12. Multiple platforms Java ME Symbian Android Blackberry Microsoft .NET etc.
  13. 13. Other problems “App-enabled” phones are more expensive Applications are usually not in local languages Deployment, provisioning, troubleshooting, updating
  14. 14. ICT without software?
  15. 15. Tombodu (Sierra Leone) traditional registration
  16. 16. Radio tube identifier source: http://www.stevenjohnson.com/cardboard/index.htm
  17. 17. Tombodu (Sierra Leone) traditional registration source: http://www.stevenjohnson.com/cardboard/index.htm
  18. 18. source: http://www.stevenjohnson.com/cardboard/index.htm
  19. 19. source: http://www.datalizer.com
  20. 20. Walking Papers
  21. 21. Digital Paper
  22. 22. Talking book
  23. 23. Pilot Reporting Wheel
  24. 24. Pros Easy to learn and use In local language and language independent Cheap and not fragile Easy to make locally Shareable No battery required Error checking built-in
  25. 25. Channels for reporting SMS Call Typing numbers Speaking numbers Radio Paper
  26. 26. Pros of reporting channels Transport independent Degrades gracefully Data correction Cheap and quick
  27. 27. Recipient of the reports Computer IVR (Interactive Voice Response) Human
  28. 28. Thank you! Nicolas di Tada, InSTEDD, nditada@instedd.org

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