Lesson 11

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  • With intention, Du’aa, and then support of Allah… NO PROBLEM INSHA-ALLAH.
  • Kafir – not an abuse; A Muslim also has to be Kafir but that of Taghoot
  • Not a reason to stop dawah.
  • Make sure everyone takes one or two deep breaths before they continue with Grammar!
  • Flowers are chosen here to represent good deeds; somebody did the good work. InshaAllah we all did some good and beg Allah to accept them. Keep this in mind while doing the ‘fa’ala’ exercises. He did (good work); They did (good work), … Repeat the following sequence. T(A+Tr) – S(A+Tr): 3 time T(A)-S(Tr): 3 time (once with low pitch and then with high pitch) T(AA) – S(AA): 3 times (once with low pitch and then with high pitch) T+S do it together; Better form is that T shows the signs and students say in chorus. 3 times.
  • Flowers are chosen here to represent good deeds; somebody did the good work. InshaAllah we all did some good and beg Allah to accept them. Keep this in mind while doing the ‘fa’ala’ exercises. He did (good work); They did (good work), … Repeat the following sequence. T(A+Tr) – S(A+Tr): 3 time T(A)-S(Tr): 3 time (once with low pitch and then with high pitch) T(AA) – S(AA): 3 times (once with low pitch and then with high pitch) T+S do it together; Better form is that T shows the signs and students say in chorus. 3 times.
  • Don’t forget the tips. The teacher should ask the students / participants to list them. Try to implement them as much as you can. By the way, they are valid for all types of studies, not just Qur’anic Arabic.
  • With intention, Du’aa, and then support of Allah… NO PROBLEM INSHA-ALLAH.
  • Lesson 11

    1. 1. Short Course Begin to Understand Qur’an & Salah – The Easy Way Lesson No. 11 www.understandquran.com Make sure you download the fonts sent with the email or visit the website and download them.
    2. 2. In this lesson… 7+ 2 Homeworks Learning tip: Imperative and Negative Imperative (100’s of words of Qur’an on this pattern) Grammar: Surah An-Kafiroon Qur’an:
    3. 3. Surah Al-Kafiroon <ul><li>Memorize the meanings of each word thoroughly. </li></ul>DPPR Ask Evaluate Plan Propagate Understand I+G Check
    4. 4. سُورَۃُ الْكَافِرُون قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ ( 1 ) لَا أَعْبُدُ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ ( 2 ) وَلَا أَنتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ ( 3 ) 150 461 * 143 * 135 DPPR Ask Evaluate Plan Propagate Understand I+G Check
    5. 5. وَلَا أَنَا عَابِدٌ مَّا عَبَدتُّمْ ( 4 ) وَلَا أَنتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ (5 ) لَ كُمْ دِينُ كُمْ وَلِ يَ دِين ِ ( 6 ) 1367 68 DPPR Ask Evaluate Plan Propagate Understand I+G Check
    6. 6. سُورَۃُ الْكَافِرُون قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ ( 1 ) لَا أَعْبُدُ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ ( 2 ) وَلَا أَنتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ ( 3 ) وَلَا أَنَا عَابِدٌ مَّا عَبَدتُّمْ ( 4 ) وَلَا أَنتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ (5 ) لَكُمْ دِينُكُمْ وَ لِيَ دِينِ ( 6 ) Excellent application of what we have learnt in Grammar so far. Look at the underlined words. DPPR Ask Evaluate Plan Propagate Understand I+G Check
    7. 7. قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ ! <ul><li>Allah is angry with them. Did you notice that He never addressed them directly! </li></ul><ul><li>Should we not be alerted! Just imagine the time when we were kids (along with other brothers and sisters) and father was angry with one… Didn’t the rest of us were alerted, rather tried to please dad? </li></ul><ul><li>Allah is angry with disbelievers. We should immediately be alerted and respond ... see next slide </li></ul>
    8. 8. قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ ! How many times did we behave like that? How is our interaction when somebody tells us the truth. Do Istighfar. Ponder on the Greatness of Allah and our position in front of Him. O Allah! Let us not reject or neglect the truth because of our egos and positions. Let people know the dangers of following egos and traditions. Follow Qur’an/Sunnah Main problem with Kafirs? They followed their nafs, egos, income, positions, institutions, traditions etc. They refused to follow the truth in spite of knowing it. DPPR Ask Evaluate Plan Propagate Understand I+G Check
    9. 9. كَافِر <ul><li>Every Non-Muslim is not Kafir (Qur’an is huda linnaas; kuntum khaira ummat…) </li></ul><ul><li>Word Kafir itself is not an insult. Otherwise Allah would not have used it for Mulsims (After Ayatalkursi) </li></ul>
    10. 10. كَافِر <ul><li>Some Muslims think that all people know what Islam is! Through Media, internet, … </li></ul><ul><li>Look at Muslims themselves. 90% or more don’t know what is in the Qur’an. And they expect others to know what Islam is? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is really arrogance and forgetting one’s own job. Look at how many times the Prophet pbuh conveyed the Message to Quraish in Makkah.. for 13 years!!! How many years have we done? 13 hours so far? </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. لَا أَعْبُدُ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ <ul><li>Twice – to negate past and future </li></ul>
    12. 12. لَ كُمْ دِينُ كُمْ وَلِ يَ دِين ِ ( 6 ) <ul><li>Not a message to say that All religions are equal. </li></ul><ul><li>Neither a message that we should stop Dawah. Did the Prophet stop preaching after this revelation? </li></ul><ul><li>It was revealed in response to offer of compromise. No compromise in faith matters. </li></ul>
    13. 13. قواعد – Grammar Take a deep breath now and do all the exercises with TPI. It is only for around 5 minutes.
    14. 14. Arabic has only Two Tenses (Thank God!!!) <ul><li>فِعْل مَاضِي : That which is done </li></ul><ul><li>فِعْل مُضَارِع : That which is not done yet. </li></ul><ul><li>- It is being done </li></ul><ul><li>- Or will be done </li></ul>Perfect tense Imperfect tense
    15. 15. Almost 5000 words have come in the Qur’an on these patterns Flowers are chosen here to represent good deeds; somebody did the good work. InshaAllah we all did some good and beg Allah to accept them. Keep this in mind while doing the ‘fa’ala’ exercises. He did (good work); They did (good work), … فِعْل مَاضِي Perfect Tense I did We did You did You all did He did They did فَعَلْتُ فَعَلْنَا فَعَلْتَ فَعَلْتُمْ فَعَلَ فَعَلُوا - وْا تَ تُمْ تُ نَا
    16. 16. Flowers are chosen here to represent good deeds; somebody did the good work. InshaAllah we all did some good and beg Allah to accept them. Keep this in mind while doing the ‘fa’ala’ exercises. He did (good work); They did (good work), … Almost 5000 words have come in the Qur’an on these patterns فِعْل مُضَارِع Imperfect Tense يَ تَ أَ نَ I do We do You do You all do He does They do أَفْعَلُ نَفْعَلُ تَفْعَلُ تَفْعَلُونَ يَفْعَلُ يَفْعَلُونَ
    17. 17. يَ تَ أَ نَ Almost 10,000 words have come in the Qur’an on these patterns فَعَلْتُ فَعَلْنَا أَفْعَلُ نَفْعَلُ فَعَلْتَ فَعَلْتُمْ تَفْعَلُ تَفْعَلُونَ فَعَلَ فَعَلُوا يَفْعَلُ يَفْعَلُونَ - وْا تَ تُمْ تُ نَا
    18. 18. HUNDREDS of words occur in the Qur’an on these patterns أَمْر Imperative نَهْي Prohibitive اِفْعَلْ Do! اِفْعَلُوا Do! لاَ تَفْعَلْ Don’t do! لاَ تَفْعَلُوا Don’t do!
    19. 19. فَعَلْتُ فَعَلْنَا أَفْعَلُ نَفْعَلُ فَعَلْتَ فَعَلْتُمْ تَفْعَلُ تَفْعَلُونَ اِفْعَلْ اِفْعَلُوا لاَ تَفْعَلْ لاَ تَفْعَلُوا فَعَلَ فَعَلُوا يَفْعَلُ يَفْعَلُونَ
    20. 20. When - هُ، - هُم، - كَ، - كُمْ، - نِي، - نَا come with a Verb (They become objects!) Attached/Possessive pronoun (with a VERB) خَلَقَ نَا created us خَلَقَنِ ي created me خَلَقَ كُمْ created you all خَلَقَ كَ created you خَلَقَهُمْ created them خَلَقَه ، created him Attached/Possessive pronoun (with a VERB) --- نَا us --- نِي me --- كُمْ you --- كَ you -- هُمْ them -- ه ، him
    21. 21. Learning Tip
    22. 22. Earlier Tips <ul><li>Brain has huge capacity, largely unused </li></ul><ul><li>Create as many flashes as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Take a deep breath </li></ul><ul><li>95% retention if we read, write, say, see, and do </li></ul><ul><li>Think big and colorful </li></ul><ul><li>Learn with love and enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>Learn the meanings with an example </li></ul><ul><li>Revise next hour, day, week, month,... </li></ul>
    23. 23. 7 Homeworks <ul><li>Two on recitation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recite 5 min. at least from Mushaf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recite 5 min. at least from memory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two on Study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Study at least 5 min. from the notebook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study at least for 30 SECONDS from vocabulary card (Downlaod it from the site) </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. 7 Homeworks <ul><li>Two on listening and Discussing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Listen to the 1-hour mp3 recording for the complete course (download from the website). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss about what you have learnt for at least 1 minute to your near and dear ones. Teach them a word or a verse! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recite with rotation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recite different Surahs in your Salah (don’t stick to just fixed ones) </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. What have we learnt? Study the material thoroughly, and then fill up the work sheet in the .pdf file sent with the email. 7+2 Homeworks Learning tip: Imperative and Negative Imperative (100’s of words of Qur’an on this pattern) Grammar: كَافِر، عَابِد، يَا أيُّهَا etc. Qur’an:
    26. 26. Be ready for the next lesson! <ul><ul><li>Don’t give up! </li></ul></ul>سُبْحَانَ اللهِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ سُبْحَانَكَ اللهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ نَشْهَدُ أَن لاَّ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ نَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَنَتُوبُ إِلَيْكَ

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