F in a l P r o je c t P r e s e n t a t io n Subject Group Members: •Imran Ahmed •Pakistan Studies •Malik Saad Abbas •Haroon Sohail Subject Instructor •Haider Salman •Qasim Ejaz •Madam Aqeela Asif
Introduction by Imran AhmedA short History of IT in Pakistan by Malik Saad AbbasThe current situation of IT in Pakistan by Qasim Ejaz & Haider SalmanThe Bright Future of IT in Pakistan by Haroon SohailConclusion by Imran Ahmed
Information technology (IT) is "the study, design,development, implementation, support ormanagement of computer-based informationsystems, particularly software applications andcomputer hardware". IT deals with the use ofelectronic computers and computer software toconvert, store, protect, process, transmit, andsecurely retrieve information. When computer and communications technologies are combined, the result is information technology, or "InfoTech". Information technology is a general term that describes any technology that helps to produce, manipulate, store, communicate, and/or disseminate information.
The computers came to Pakistan in mid-60 whensecond-generation computer was installed atKarachi. Presently, there are over 1800mainframe and minicomputers, about half ofwhich are in the government sector. The growthin the number of computers during the last tenyears was over 35%. This has been possible duethe governments liberal import policy andreduction/removal of duties. It is estimated thatthere are roughly 450,000 new computers everyyear in Pakistan. While this seems a pitifully thesmall numbers, it represents a three-fold increasecompared to 1996-1997.
Some of the major uses of IT in Pakistan were: Good Governance Defense High Agricultural Yield Industrial Energy Education Entertainment
Missile Technology TV Satellite JF Thunder Countrywide Internet Access
Currently Pakistan is making steadyprogress in the field of InformationTechnology. Following are some ofthe main aspects that have beenconsidered by the IT Policy that waspresented in 2002.
Produce 50,000 highly qualified IT Graduates annually within 7years to meet the multibillion dollar Export TargetImpart vocational training to over 100,000 Knowledge workersfor IT enabled services within 2 years Develop world class Institutions of Higher LearningStrengthen Faculty and Infrastructure of Existing UniversitiesDevelop a modern countrywide Telecom infrastructure andmake it affordable.Develop Pakistan into a regional hub for Telecommunication andInformation flowLaunch a Geo Satellite to extendtelecommunication-broadcastingfacilities to remote areaswithin Pakistan and the neighboringcountries
Make Government Information and forms available to citizenson-lineBring significant improvement in services like Bill Payment,Agency Specific Applications, Complaint Handling, etc.Eliminate the time spent by the citizens waiting in long queuesStimulate the Domestic EconomyCreate jobs and economic growth in the local economy bystrengthening the IT industry.Apply IT to the traditional industry to increase its productivityCreate environment to facilitate e-commerceFacilitate the automation of banks and other sectors to improvethe general business climateIncrease Exports
To meet the growing demand of IT professional’snew IT universities are being established in thepublic sector. The buildings are being acquiredthrough donations or by leasing at low rent. The ITcampuses will be expanded to full-fledgeduniversities when they acquire their charter.Establishment of 7 new IT universities anddepartments with improved faculty and resourceshas been initiated.
The objective of setting up the National Testing Service isto provide an affordable, indigenous service similar to theEducational Testing Service, USA that offers GraduateRecord Examination (GRE) and Scholastic Aptitude Test(SAT). The testing service can be used as entrance criteriaby educational institutions, for the award of scholarship,an aid to employers in recruitment, or for any othersituation where a widely accepted standard test isrequired. The project will be initiated shortly.
Considerable progress has been made in the recent past toimplement and enhance Fiber Optic Connectivity in all parts ofPakistan. During the past 1 year, fiber optic connectivity has beenincreased from 114 to 158 cities. It is targeted to reach 300 cities bythe end of the year 2010. Activation of the alternate Fiber opticbackbone from Karachi to Peshawar, providing 622 Mbpsconnectivity is targeted for completion by June 2002. This will be inaddition to the existing fiber backbone that is to be upgraded withDense Wave Division Multiplexing (DWDM) technology therebyincreasing the capacity from 622 Mbps to 10 GBps by January 2003.
The bandwidth tariff for the entire portfolio of services provided byPTCL has decreased under an accelerated re-balancing plan.Accordingly the Internet tariff has been reduced to 1/16th in thepast 2 years International E1 (2 Mbps) Internet connectivity is nowavailable at USD 6000 per month as compared to the price of USD83,000 per month prevailing 2 years ago.
The Internet Services Providers (ISPs) became operational in thecountry in 1996. By June 30, 2000 the country had 0.1 millionInternet Subscribers and coverage to only 29 cities. Now internetaccess spread to over 700 localities throughout the countryincluding some far flung remote areas and internet usage hasspread many folds.
To facilitate e-commerce and other on-line transactionsrequiring digital signature and authentication the IT Lawhas been drafted and reviewed with the Law Ministry.This Ordinance when promulgated will open the way forelectronic transactions by providing it a legal cover. Thedraft ordinances for these laws and the IntellectualProperty Law are expected to be finalized soon.
Strengthening of IT InstitutesScholarship SchemesIT Education in Schools and CollegesProfessional Training ProgramsTraining Higher Level IT ProfessionalsComputer Education at Primary LevelFree Computer Resource Centers in Rural AreasInformation Technology ParksIncrease in Bandwidth of InternetProviding IT Companies more resources
Although we started in late 80’s, Pakistan hasalready become to contribute a respectableshare in the world of Information Technologyworldwide; especially the last decade hasproved very significant in the grooming of ITindustry in our country. The InformationTechnology burst has provided Pakistan a dreamfor future in which IT can be used to improvethe standards of our people. It can help usdevelop our lives better by tapping the commonbenefits of the Internet, and it can also aid tomove further than the digital divide to digitalopportunity.
Government of Pakistan has been taking deep interest in makingthe IT industry of Pakistan a strong one. In this regard, the FederalCabinet passed National IT Policy in August 2000, according towhich Government will act as enabler to produce an IT basedfuture economy. There are a number of important features in thispolicy like human resource development, IT infrastructuredevelopment, efficiency and transparency in Government, improveservices to citizens, stimulate the domestic economy and increaseexports, etc. Government of Pakistan is reengineering its oldprocesses to improve the efficiency. They are employing IT toimprove the speed of communication and keep track of itsperformance.
The first and foremost need is to develop human resources in thefield of IT. Currently Pakistan has lesser number of people than theactual required count in order to compete worldwide. We are inneed of producing thousands of high quality IT graduates everyyear. Keeping this purpose in mind, many initiatives have beentaken to increase the capacity of existing institutions and to buildthe new ones. These universities will impart education related to ITfield. New higher education programs have been set and, for thispurpose, new faculty is induced.
On the whole, the future of IT in Pakistan is very bright.Our IT policy has given Pakistan special courage tocompete in today’s world of IT. It has enabled Pakistan tostand amongst the top countries with respect to IT and itis improving day by day. With the same dedication andgood planning, it will continue to grow in future.Information technology is on the right track in our countryand its future is also very bright!
You can see from the results that the IT History has not been very good. Our present is very much satisfactory but there is a strong need to bring revolutionary changes in the field of Information Technology and we will bring that revolution.