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Dee: Our thoughts about Dee's needs


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Dee: Our thoughts about Dee's needs

  1. 1. Our thoughts about Dee Using technology to facilitate participation
  2. 2. Communicating with other people
  3. 3. Communicating with other people Dee  already  has  access  to  an  electronic   communica2on  device.     However,  if  she  wishes  to  par2cipate  fully  in   University  life  -­‐  both  academic  and  social  -­‐  she  will   need  to  be  able  to  communicate  quickly  and   clearly.     This  will  be  especially  important  when  asking   ques2ons  in  lecture  theatres,  and  when  chaAng  in   loud  places  such  as  night-­‐clubs.  
  4. 4. Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) Most  electronic  communica/on  devices  that  would   currently  be  recommended  for  Dee  would  feature:   •   Predic2ve  text   •   Speech  synthesiser   •   Eye-­‐tracking  for  typing  text   These  can  either  be  specialist  AAC  technology  or  integrated   into  mainstream  devices.    There  can  be  pros  and  cons  to   using  each  of  these:   •   Specialist  –  adaptable  for  the  specific  needs  of  person  but   oHen  more  expensive,  &  technology  quickly  outdated.   •   Mainstream  –  oHen  cheaper,  less  s2gma  but  not  necessarily   suited  to  the  specific  needs  of  the  individual.  
  5. 5. Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)     Some  popular  specialist  manufacturers  of  communica2on   technology  include  Dynavox  and  Liberator,  which  can  tailor   specially  made  devices  to  an  individuals  specific  needs.          
  6. 6. Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)     .   Communica2on  soHware  that  can  be   downloaded  in  the  form  of  an  app  (e.g.   Proloquo2go,  Predictable,  Grid  Player)  for   use  on  handheld  devices  as  well  as  for  use   on  specialist  equipment.     Some  tablets,  smartphones  and  laptops  are   oHen  now  able  to  adapt  to  add  with  AT   devices  (see  here  for  some  examples).     Apple  soHware  has  several  assis2ve  features   which  makes  in  useful  for  someone  like  Dee.     Another  example  is  Tobii  PCEye  Go,  which  is   portable,  but  integrates  the  communica2on   device  with  full  computer  facili2es.  
  7. 7. Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) Click  here  to  watch  PCEye  Go  video  on  YouTube  
  8. 8. Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) Currently,  a  number  of  researchers  are  inves2ga2ng  the  possibility  of   using  brain-­‐computer  interfaces  to  place  the  technology  more  directly   under  the  user's  control.   For  example,  Ambient  used  the  Audeo  system   to  make  'the  world's  first  live  voiceless   phone-­‐call'  in  2008;  and  may  therefore  form   the  basis  of  wireless  transmission  within   lecture  theatres,  etc,  more  easily.     A  headband-­‐based  alterna2ve  already  used  in   AAC  is  the  ‘Brainfingers’  hands  free  computer   control.    However,  this  technology  is  s2ll  in  its   infancy  and  is  not  commonly  used  at  the   moment.  
  9. 9. Socialising
  10. 10. Socialising One  of  the  posi2ves  of  using  mainstream  devices   are  that  the  user  may  feel  that  using  these  over   mainstream  devices  reduces  s2gma.     This  may  help  Dee  feel  more  integrated  when   mee2ng  new  people  at  university  and  socialising   with  them.     However,  some2mes  mainstream  devises  can  be  so   overloaded  with  AT  peripherals  that  the   s2gma2sa2on  remains!      
  11. 11. Sports activities
  12. 12. Sports activities What  “mainstream  “  sports  and  outdoor  pursuits  would  you   suggest  to  Dee?     What  assis2ve  technology  could  help  enhance  her   par2cipa2on  in  spor2ng  ac2vi2es?     Could  any  of  these  technologies  enhance  her  par2cipa2on  in   other  ac2vi2es  when  she  goes  to  University?  
  13. 13. Inclusive sports There  has  been  renewed  interest  in  sports  and  disability  aHer   the  London  2012  Olympics  and  Paralymics.     Many  organisa2ons  are  aaemp2ng  to  enhance  the   opportuni2es  for  people  with  disabili2es    to  access  sports  and   leisure  facili2es  (see  the  Inclusive  Fitness  Ini2a2ve).     However,  even  specialist  organisa2ons  such  as  CP  Sport  and   EFDS  appear  to  emphasise  either  accessing  mainstream   facili2es,  or  enabling  people  with  disabili2es  to  compete  with   one  another.     Dee  is  clear,  though,  that  she  wants  to  engage  in  compe22ve   sports  with  people  regardless  of  a  disability.    
  14. 14. Levelling the playing field Dee's  aspira2ons  can   be  realised  within  a   variety  of  spor2ng   environments  -­‐   especially  ones  using   assis2ve  technology.   The  list  opposite  is   by  no  means   exhaus2ve...   •   Sailing:   •   Sailability   •   Jubilee  Sailing  Trust   •   Flying:   •   Paragliding   •   Planes   •   Downhill  mountain-­‐biking     ...and,  controversially  for  some,   winter  games