Presentation on the gerund
Centre Régional des Métier d’Education et Formation Rabat, Salé,
I- Verbs+ possessive adjective/
pronoun object+ gerund
II-the verb mind
III- the perfect gerund
IV- the passive gerund
I- verbs +possessive adjectives/
pronoun object+ gerund
A-If the verb or verb + preposition is followed
directly by the gerund, the gerund refers to the
subject of the verb:
Tom insisted on reading the letter
Meaning: Tom read it
If we put a possessive adjective or pronoun
object before the gerund, the gerund refers to
the person denoted by the possessive adjective
or pronoun object:
He insisted on meme reading the letter
Meaning: I had to read it.
B-Useful expressions and verbs which
can take either construction are :
It’s no good/use of
There is no point in
What’s the point of
He disliked working late
He disliked me working late
I objected to paying twice for the same thing
I objected to his/him making private calls on the
He resented being passed over the promotion
He resented my / me being passed over the
C- The gerund with excuse, forgive, pardonC- The gerund with excuse, forgive, pardon
& prevent& prevent
The above mentioned verbs are not directly by a gerund
but take either
possessive adjective or pronoun+ gerund
eg: Forgive me/my ringing up so early
you can’t prevent his/ him spending his own money
Forgive me for ringing up so early
You can’t prevent him from spending his own money
As for the verb ‘‘appreciate’’, it usually requires a
possessive adjective or passive gerund:
I appreciate your giving me so much of your time
I appreciate being given this opportunity
II- The verb ‘‘mind’’II- The verb ‘‘mind’’
A-this verb is chiefly used in the interrogative and
Would you mind waiting a moment?
I don’t mind walking
B-it can be followed directly by a gerund:
I don’t mind living here
I live here and I don’t object to
oror by a noun / pronoun or possessive adjective+ gerund :
I don’t mind him living here
He lives here and I don’t object to his living here.
would you mind?
It is one of usual ways of making requests:
Would you mind not smoking? ( please don’t
Would you mind moving your car?
A change happens when a possessive adjective
precedes the gerund:
Would you mind my moving you car?
would you object if I moved your car?
This is not a request but a polite query.
The verb “mind” can never be followed by an infinitive.
III- The perfect gerund
The form: having + p.p ( having worked)
It could be used instead of the present form of the
gerund( working) when we are talking about past
He was accused of kidnapping a girl
He was accused of having kidnapped a girl
The perfect gerund is fairly usual after “deny”:
He denied having been there.
Otherwise, the present form is much more usual.
IV- The passive gerund
Present: being written
Perfect: having been written
He was punished by being sent to bed
without any supper.
I remember being taken to Paris as a
The safe showed no signs of having been