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A Brief History of Services for People With Developmental Disabilities in Colorado –


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A Brief History of Services for People With Developmental Disabilities in Colorado –

And a Glimpse at the Future

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A Brief History of Services for People With Developmental Disabilities in Colorado –

  1. 1. A Brief History of Services for People With Developmental Disabilities in Colorado –<br />And a Glimpse at the Future<br />
  2. 2. Late 1800s – early 1900s<br />The Birth of Institutions<br />1883 - The Colorado Insane Asylum (later named Colorado State Hospital) admits its first patients <br />1904-05 – Bills are introduced to appropriate money for an institution but fail<br />1909 - Bill passed to open institution in Wheat Ridge<br />
  3. 3. 1910s<br />Legal Segregation<br />1912 – Colorado State Home for Mental Deficiencies opened with 46 “inmates” in Wheat Ridge<br />1912 – A law passed preventing marriage for “feebleminded” and allowed segregation in an institution for life, or at least until during reproductive ages<br />1913 – Statement issued: “Owing to heredity of defectiveness, it is very important to permanently commit the feeble minded to institutions, preventing the increase in this class of person”<br />
  4. 4. 1920s – 1930s<br />Children Institutionalized<br />1920 – Institution in Grand Junction opened<br />1933 – Statement issued: “Mental Defective child does not have the same sense of morality or decency as a normal child and cannot be taught these”<br />1935 – Statement issued: “Mentally Defective Children are a menace to society and normal people should be protected from them”<br />
  5. 5. 1940s – 1950s<br />Institutes Grow<br />1940 – 700 people at Wheat Ridge and Grand Junction institutions<br />1950 – Parents of children in institutions legally bound to pay $35 per month for care of child and to furnish clothing<br />1956 – 1,112 people at Wheat Ridge and Grand Junction institutions<br />
  6. 6. 1960s<br />Things Start To Change<br />1961 – Jefferson County opened its first public school class for children with developmental disabilities<br />1965 – Grant to move 90 individuals with developmental disabilities into community of Ft. Logan, within three years all 90 were living successfully in the community<br />BUT . . .<br />1968 – Survey shows 74% of those living in Colorado institutions have no contact with anyone outside of the institution<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. 1970s<br />Major Changes <br />1973 – Rehabilitation Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in programs conducted by Federal agencies<br />1975 – Education for All Handicapped Children Act requires all public schools accepting federal funds to provide equal access to education for children with physical and developmental disabilities (revised and renamed as Individuals with Disabilities Education Act in 1990)<br />
  9. 9. 1980s – 1990s<br />Major Changes Continue <br />1981 – Ruling that children who were residents of Wheat Ridge institution had rights to free and appropriate education <br />1990 – Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits discrimination based on disability<br />De-institutionalization<br />
  10. 10. 2000s<br />Regression<br />Dwindling resources <br />
  11. 11. 2000s<br />Regression<br />Regulatory changes squeezing the <br />life out of services<br />
  12. 12. 2000s<br />Regression<br />Increasing demand<br />
  13. 13. 2000s<br />Traditional approaches to funding and providing services no longer work<br />
  14. 14. So What Can We Do?<br /><ul><li>Use technology – more efficient, cost effective service delivery
  15. 15. Universal application – works in multiple environments/across disabilities
  16. 16. Greater opportunity to serve individuals with more severe disabilities</li></li></ul><li>Technology Use at Imagine!<br />Bob and Judy Charles SmartHome, Boulder, CO<br />Charles Family SmartHome, Longmont, CO<br />
  17. 17. What Can A SmartHome Do?<br />Enhance the quality of life of residents, including:<br /><ul><li>Developing personal skills
  18. 18. Enhancing communication
  19. 19. Regulating environmental </li></ul> conditions<br />
  20. 20. What Can A SmartHome Do?<br />Augment the effectiveness of caregivers, including:<br /><ul><li>Sensing, storing, and</li></ul> transmitting health <br /> information<br /><ul><li> Analyzing healthcare and </li></ul> health/safety trends<br /><ul><li> Detecting behavioral clues </li></ul> for changes in cognitiveor <br /> physical conditions<br />
  21. 21. What Can A SmartHome Do?<br />Provide cost and energy savings, including:<br /><ul><li> Managing staff time</li></ul> efficiently <br /><ul><li> Using alterative energy </li></ul> sources<br /><ul><li> Minimizing energy </li></ul> consumption<br />
  22. 22. Technology Use at Imagine!<br />
  23. 23. Meet Gerald<br />
  24. 24. Meet Gerald<br />
  25. 25. Meet Gerald<br />
  26. 26. Meet Gerald<br />
  27. 27. Meet Gerald<br />
  28. 28. How Can You Help?<br />Small Things Make a Big Difference<br />