Introduction to biocultural community protocols

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This presentation was used to introduce the concept and rationale of Biocultural Community Protocols (BCPs) to the participants of a training cource held in India and organised by WOTR and LPPS as a LIFE Network activity.

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Introduction to biocultural community protocols

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO BIOCULTURAL COMMUNITY PROTOCOLS: HISTORY AND PURPOSE Ilse Köhler-Rollefson
  2. 2. India‘s Livestock Cultures
  3. 3. India‘s livestock keepers  Have developed a large number of breeds  Convert local bio-mass into a range of products and services  Make sustainable use of the environment  Breeds and keepers are integral part of eco- systems
  4. 4. Livestock Systems People BreedsVegetation
  5. 5. Indian livestock keepers  Conserve breeds  Maintain eco-systems  Livestock keepers: Guardians of biological diversity (FAO, 2010)
  6. 6. Advantages of pastoralist breeds  Independent of external inputs (feed, vet. medicine)  Drought resistant and easy to manage  Utilize local vegetation and have no carbon footprint
  7. 7. Ability to roam far from water resources prevents overgrazing
  8. 8. Access to remote areas food security
  9. 9. Food products with health benefits
  10. 10.  Lack of awareness about the benefits of local breeds, TK and local systems  Pastoralists continue to have a bad reputation as destroyers of the environment in many (policy making) circles.  Linkages between breeds and livestock keeping communities often remains invisible to outsiders.  Governments give preference/provide funds to ex-situ conservation. Problems
  11. 11. Questions :  How do we change perceptions among policy makers, bureaucrats and even livestock keepers that local breeds and associated traditional knowledge are valuable assets?  How do we counter threats such as shrinking grazing lands, disintegration of traditional institutions and knowledge, lack of respect by outsiders?  How can pastoralists claim their stake and fight for their assets?
  12. 12. A new tool: Biocultural Community Protocols  Backed by the Nagoya Protocol of the UN-Convention on Biological Diversity  Tool for claiming status as „indigenous or local community….“  Biocultural Protocols document the role of a community in conserving animal genetic resources and eco-systems, contribute to visibility and awareness
  13. 13. What are BCPs? •The idea is that a community itself documents its resources, role in biodiversity conservation, and customary practices in its own words •NGOs are only expected to facilitate and back-stop, not drive the process. •Legal education and awareness of rights is an important part •BCPs are both a product and a process that MUST remain community-owned.
  14. 14. Raika of Rajasthan (India)
  15. 15. Banni Maldhari of Gujarat (India)
  16. 16. Bargur Hill Cattle Breeders (Lingayat) of Tamil Nadu (India)
  17. 17. Samburu and the Red Maasai Sheep Samburu Herders Kenya
  18. 18. Pashtoon Pastoralists of Pakistan
  19. 19. Jaisalmer Camel Breeders
  20. 20. Process and Lessons learnt  The process is not easy, is time- consuming, and requires much hand- holding.  BCPs are an extremely valuable visibility tool and contribute to empowerment  BCPs can be expected to be very valuable, as and when the Nagoya Protocol will be implemented with respect to Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.

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