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+COCAINEllse Andrea Moreno ArquietaKarla del Bosque GonzálezCarlos Manuel Pérez GonzálezMaría José Vázquez VerdínAnasofía ...
+ Background/ COCAINE2Origin EffectsWithdrawalConsequencesVideo Advice
+Origin Pure cocaine is extracted from the leaf of the Erythroxylon cocabush found mostly in South America. Historically,...
+ Impurities found in cocaine: Benzocaine: Local anaesthetic Boric acid:Used as an insecticide and as an antiseptic in ...
+ EffectsCocaine can cause serious long-term effects to the centralnervous system, including an increased chance of hearta...
+Withdrawal Cocaine stimulates the central nervous system, leaving the usercraving the drug instead of food or liquid int...
+ConsequencesCardiovascular system — Cocaineacutely increases heart rate, bloodpressure, and systemic vascularresistance b...
+MINI VIDEO8CIDEB
+Advice9CIDEB
+Bibliography http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/8040690.stm http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/exchange/node/1739 http://www...
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Cocaine

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Cocaine

  1. 1. +COCAINEllse Andrea Moreno ArquietaKarla del Bosque GonzálezCarlos Manuel Pérez GonzálezMaría José Vázquez VerdínAnasofía Hernández RodríguezNatalia Estefanía Wood CastilloTeacher:Ximena ReyesGroup: 209
  2. 2. + Background/ COCAINE2Origin EffectsWithdrawalConsequencesVideo Advice
  3. 3. +Origin Pure cocaine is extracted from the leaf of the Erythroxylon cocabush found mostly in South America. Historically, chewing thecoca leaf was the primary mode of cocaine ingestion. In 1860,however, Albert Niemann isolated the drug and by the 1880s itwas used in eye, nose, and throat surgeries as an anesthetic andto constrict blood vessels and limit bleeding. Coca leaves havealso been used in teas and at one time were incorporated inbeverages such as Coca Cola.3CIDEB
  4. 4. + Impurities found in cocaine: Benzocaine: Local anaesthetic Boric acid:Used as an insecticide and as an antiseptic in medicinal andcosmetic products. Caffeine:Mild stimulant Creatine (usually as monohydrate): Used as a supplement bybodybuilders Diltiazem (probably as hydrochloride salt):Used in treatment of variousheart conditions, Dimethylterephthalate: Chemical used to make plastic films and sheets. Hydroxyzine: Antihistamine that has also been used as a tranquiliser Paracetamol:Painkiller Sugars: used in medicines and the food and drink industry.4CIDEB
  5. 5. + EffectsCocaine can cause serious long-term effects to the centralnervous system, including an increased chance of heartattack, stroke, and convulsions, combined with a higherlikelihood of brain seizures, respiratory failures, and,ultimately, death An overdose of cocaine raises bloodpressure to unsafe heights, often resulting in permanentbrain damage or even.Cocaine is one of the most dangerous drugs for the centralnervous system. As a powerful stimulant, cocaineincreases the likelihood of many fatal nervous systemmalfunctions, including stroke. However, the high initiallygotten from cocaine keeps its addicts looking for more, asthis highly addictive drug can be difficult to quit. Also, asthe neurotransmitters shut down and disappear, the userneeds cocaine to create an artificial high. Cocaine cancause serious damage to the nervous system, as it eatsaway chunks of the brain and increases blood pressure,heart rate and body temperature, often for the rest of theaddicts life.5CIDEB
  6. 6. +Withdrawal Cocaine stimulates the central nervous system, leaving the usercraving the drug instead of food or liquid intake. Cocaine addictsoften experience severe weight loss due to lack of appetite andadequate nutrition, nausea, manic episodes, cardiovascularirregularities, psychotic behavioral episodes, and collapse of thenasal septum among those that reportedly snort Cocaine withlong-term use. The first sign of Cocaine withdrawal is a heavy drained feeling oremptiness as all euphoric effects experienced while under theinfluence have left the brain. Although the user may experience aheadache or some other mild discomfort, the second sign ofCocaine withdrawal is the intense craving for more. Other withdrawal symptoms may include fatigue, nervousness,anxiety, irritability, and listlessness or apathy in the absence of adrug-induced euphoria.6CIDEB
  7. 7. +ConsequencesCardiovascular system — Cocaineacutely increases heart rate, bloodpressure, and systemic vascularresistance by increasing adrenergicactivity in the heart, Frequent cocaineusers are up to seven times more likelyto have a nonfatal heart attack, cocaineuse is associated with cardiacarrhythmias (such as ventricularTachycardia or fibrillation) and suddendeathRespiratory system — The effects ofcocaine on the respiratory systemdepend on the route of administration.Smoked cocaine use produces acuterespiratory symptoms in up to half ofusers, including productive cough,shortness of breath, wheezing, chestpain, hemoptysis, and exacerbationof asthma.Central nervous system:• a feeling of euphoria• excitement• reduced hunger• a feeling of strengthVarious doses of cocaine can alsoproduce neurological and behavioralproblems like:• dizziness• headache• movement problems• anxiety• insomnia• depression• hallucinations7CIDEB
  8. 8. +MINI VIDEO8CIDEB
  9. 9. +Advice9CIDEB
  10. 10. +Bibliography http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/8040690.stm http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/exchange/node/1739 http://www.burningtree.com/understanding-addiction/cocaine-facts/cocaine-withdrawal-signs-symptoms/ http://www.health.am/ab/more/effects-on-specific-organ-systems/ http://www.delrayrecoverycenter.com/4499/signs-of-cocaine-use-what-a-person-should-look-for/10CIDEB

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