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Open Credentials for Open Education

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An adaptation of Anthony Camilleri's presentation, delivered in the frame of this year's European Distance Learning Week on 6 November 2018. The recording of the webinar is available from http://www.eden-online.org/eden_conference/edlw-2018/. https://www.slideshare.net/anthonycamilleri/open-credentials-for-open-education-moving-the-needle-forward

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Open Credentials for Open Education

  1. 1. OpenCredentials for Open Education Moving the Needle Forward Ildiko Mazar Knowledge InnovationCentre European Distance LearningWeek – 6 November 2018
  2. 2. Education is a PublicGood This means  Open Access to Educational Opportunities  Use of Open Educational Resources  Empowerement of Students through Open Educational Practices
  3. 3. A typical process model forOpen Education Input Process Output Open Educational Resources Open Educational Practices ? Educational Credentials
  4. 4. Credentials are still not digital Limited Access to Underlying Information Lack of (Technical) Standards for Credential Information Closed Standards for Security &Verification No Aggregation of Credential Data What’s wrong with (digital) credentials?
  5. 5. LimitedAccess toUnderlying Information
  6. 6. The average employer will not research applicants’ credentials Source: Career Arc If it costs an employer more to verify a credential then to test the skills, the credential is effectively worthless.
  7. 7. Lack of Technical Standards leads to exclusion Source: Career Arc
  8. 8. Closed Standards for Security and Verification
  9. 9. No Aggregation of Credential Data
  10. 10. Closed Credentials  expensive and time consuming to acquire  hard to use and share  hinder Open Education by failing to evidence flexible learning pathways in a transparent manner  exclude the people who need them most  can be abused by networks of intermediaries  do not inform policy
  11. 11. The Road toOpen Disrupting Credentials for the Public Good
  12. 12. Wehaveallthe piecesfor an opencredential system
  13. 13. EUStandards for Qualifications EU standards for qualifications European Qualifications Framework: gives an indication as to the level of various qualifications European Diploma Supplement: provides a standardised template to give additional information about a degree European CreditTransfer System: allows for individual learning units to be described in terms of knowledge, skills, responsibility and autonomy European Skill, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations database provides a standard terminology
  14. 14. EUStandards for Qualifications EU standards for qualifications European Qualifications Framework: gives an indication as to the level of various qualifications Not for non-formal education or microcredentials European Diploma Supplement: provides a standardised template to give additional information about a degree Only for degrees European CreditTransfer System: allows for individual learning units to be described in terms of knowledge, skills, responsibility and autonomy Only for Higher Education - not included fully in qualification European Skill, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations database provides a standard terminology Not used by all the tools above
  15. 15. Technical Standards: OpenBadges too open to be useful
  16. 16. National ID Systems can replace companies as sources of trust for signing too complex to use for the average person
  17. 17. WithBlockchainyoudon’tneedanintermediarytosigna documentatall the technology is still extremely young
  18. 18. AGlobal Platform forSkills alreadyexists… should one company have a monopoly on skills data?
  19. 19. Elements of a System for Open Educational Credentials User-Held Credentials Open Standards OpenTech Stack Independent Verification Open Aggregation
  20. 20. TwoOngoing Initiatives Our little big challenge…. Create a digital standard format for documenting open education credentials based on ECTS oepass.eu
  21. 21. TwoOngoing Initiatives Our little big challenge…. Create a model blockchain infrastructure for storing and automatically verifying credentials microcredentials.eu
  22. 22. www.microcredentials.eu Imagine a Future where recognition is universal automatic seamless
  23. 23. A typical process model forOpen Education Input Process Output Open Educational Resources Open Educational Practices ? Educational Credentials
  24. 24. A typical process model forOpen Education Input Process Output Open Educational Resources Open Educational Practices Open Educational Credentials
  25. 25. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION You can download this presentation at: Ildiko Mazar ildiko@knowledgeinnovation.eu https://www.slideshare.net/ildikomazar
  26. 26. The European Commission support for the production of this publication does not constitute an endorsement of the contents which reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 4.0 International License. You are free to: Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. Under the following conditions: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. ShareAlike — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original. No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological

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