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OEWeek 2019 - Open Credentials for Open Education

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In the frame of the #OEWeek 2019 we devoted a 60 minute webinar to introduce and discuss the developments and latest achievements of 2 of its Erasmus+ co-funded projects, namely OEPass and MicroHE, focusing particularly on the Learning Passport (https://oepass.eu/outputs/learningpassport/) and the Credentials Clearinghouse (under construction). The full recording of the webinar is available at https://gofile.me/6AA3s/QiwqiBXDY

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OEWeek 2019 - Open Credentials for Open Education

  1. 1. Open Credentials for Open Education Moving the Needle Forward Ildiko Mazar Knowledge Innovation Centre Open EducationWeek – 8 March 2019
  2. 2. Education is a Public Good This means  Open Access to Educational Opportunities  Use of Open Educational Resources  Empowerement of Students through Open Educational Practices
  3. 3. A typical process model for Open Education Open Educational Resources Open Educational Practices ? Educational Credentials
  4. 4. Credentials are still not digital Limited Access to Underlying Information Not valid currencies on job market Lack of (Technical) Standards for Credential Information Closed Standards for Security & Verification No Aggregation of Credential Data What’s wrong with (digital) credentials?
  5. 5. Credentials are still not digital
  6. 6. Limited Access to Underlying Information
  7. 7. Not valid currencies on job market Source: Career Arc If it costs an employer more to verify a credential than to test the skills, the credential is effectively worthless.
  8. 8. Lack of Technical Standards leads to exclusion Source: Career Arc
  9. 9. Closed Standards for Security and Verification
  10. 10. No Aggregation of Credential Data
  11. 11. Closed Credentials expensive and time consuming to acquire hard to use and share hinder Open Education by failing to evidence flexible learning pathways in a transparent manner exclude the people who need them most can be abused by networks of intermediaries do not inform policy
  12. 12. We have all the pieces for an Open Credential System
  13. 13. EU Standards for Qualifications EU standards for qualifications European Qualifications Framework: gives an indication as to the level of various qualifications European Diploma Supplement: provides a standardised template to give additional information about a degree European Credit Transfer System: allows for individual learning units to be described in terms of knowledge, skills, responsibility and autonomy European Skill, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations database provides a standard terminology
  14. 14. EU Standards for Qualifications EU standards for qualifications European Qualifications Framework: gives an indication as to the level of various qualifications Not for non-formal education or microcredentials European Diploma Supplement: provides a standardised template to give additional information about a degree Only for degrees European Credit Transfer System: allows for individual learning units to be described in terms of knowledge, skills, responsibility and autonomy Only for Higher Education - not included fully in qualification European Skill, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations database provides a standard terminology Not used by the tools above
  15. 15. Technical Standards: Open Badges too open to be useful for Higher Education
  16. 16. National ID Systems can replace companies as sources of trust for signing too complex to use for the average person
  17. 17. With Blockchain you don’t need an intermediary to sign a document at all the technology is still extremely young
  18. 18. A Global Platform for Skills already exists… should one company have a monopoly on skills data?
  19. 19. Elements of a System for Open Educational Credentials
  20. 20. Working on open solutions... Create a digital standard format for documenting open education credentials based on ECTS oepass.eu Open Education Passport
  21. 21. The Learning Passport Comprehensive documentation of learning experiences in terms of: •Awarding body •Credential awarded •Holder of credential •Evidence of achievement
  22. 22. Working on open solutions... Support Future Learning Excellence through Micro-Credentialling in Higher Education Create a model blockchain infrastructure for storing and automatically verifying credentials microcredentials.eu
  23. 23. The Credentials Clearinghouse
  24. 24. The Credentials Clearinghouse
  25. 25. www.microcredentials.eu Imagine a Future where recognition is universal automatic seamless
  26. 26. European framework for digitally- signed credentials The MicroHE extended ESCO metadata standard is available at: https://github.com/MicroCredentials/MicroHE
  27. 27. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION You can download this presentation at: Ildiko Mazar ildiko@knowledgeinnovation.eu https://www.slideshare.net/ildikomazar
  28. 28. The European Commission support for the production of this publication does not constitute an endorsement of the contents which reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 4.0 International License. You are free to: Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. Under the following conditions: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. ShareAlike — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original. No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological

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