Ethiopia jnr workshp manaus, brazil


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This is one of the presentations at the 2nd day of "Technical Exchange on Jurisdictional REDD". See more at:

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Ethiopia jnr workshp manaus, brazil

  1. 1. JNR in Ethiopia: Institutional Arrangements, Political Commitment, Opportunities and Challenges South-South Jurisdictional and Nested REDD+ Exchange Learning Workshop, Manaus, Brazil June 12-16, 2013 Oromia Forest and Wildlife Enterprise
  2. 2. Introduction • Geography: – 4x size of UK, landlocked, – located in the Horn of Africa, – Mosaic landscape divided by the Rift Valley • Population: – 80 million (2010) – 130 million ( 2030) (2% growth/yr) • GDP per capita 2010: – Around $380, 40% of GDP from agriculture, which employees 80% population.
  3. 3. Political Commitment • Strong political commitment to Integrated Planning and Sustainable Development, • Aims middle-income country status by 2025 using green economy, • Ethiopia is one of the fastest developing economies in World. Two Landmark Sustainable Development Documents: GTP and CRGE Strategy
  4. 4. Political Commitment  REDD+ is one of the seven pillars of Ethiopia’s CRGE, • Under BAU Ethiopia’s GHG emissions will rise from 150 Mt in 2010 to 400 Mt CO2 in 2030, • About 80% projected BAU GHG emissions is from agriculture and forestry, • REDD+ is considered for fast track implementation by the GoE. Total GHG Emissions 2010 Projected GHG Emissions
  5. 5. Political Commitment • Climate Resilient Green economy (CRGE) aims at developing an environmentally sustainable economy – NET ZERO EMISSIONS BY 2030 – MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRY BY 2025 • Encompasses 8 key sectors that play significant role in the sustainable development of the country • REDD+ as one of the three pillars of CRGE in the Agriculture Sector • REDD+ and agriculture has potential for offsetting emissions from other sectors (energy, transport)
  6. 6. REDD+ in Ethiopia • Ethiopia has been engaged in REDD+ Readiness since 2008, • Participant of the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility, • Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) was approved in March, 2011, now it is in readiness phase.
  7. 7. • US$ 14 million required for implementing activities indicated in the R-PP has been secured: – FCPF Readiness Fund has granted US$ 3.6 million (managed by the REDD+ Secretariat at the Ministry of Agriculture), – Norway and DfID each pledged US$ 5 million (to be channeled through the BioCarbon Fund). • Piloting REDD+ projects is key component of Ethiopia’s REDD readiness process in order to generate knowledge from concrete activities on the ground to inform REDD+ Strategy and the REDD+ structures in the country, • REDD+ architecture in Ethiopia allows implementation at different level: National, Sub-national and Project level. REDD+ in Ethiopia
  8. 8. Institutional Arrangements(REDD+ )
  9. 9. Oromia state Regional level institutional set up Oromia Regional State 9 Board of Directors OFWE Darek Misoomaaf I/F Bosonaa I/A D/O Damee Teekinikaa Darektore tii Industrii Bosonaa Darektoretii Karooraaf Gabaa Darek. Mis. fi I/F Bineensa Bosonaa Darekt. Faayinansii Bitt, fi Bu/Qab. fi Dar. Bul. fi Mis. Qab/ Humna Namaa Damee Finfinnee Damee ArsiiDamee Shaggar Damee Baalee Damee Jimmaa Damee B/GujiiDamee I/A/Booraa Damee Harargee Damee Wallaggaa I/A D/O Damee Taj. Deeggarsaa REDD+ Directorate 38 forest districts
  10. 10. REED+ in Oromia State • Oromia is one of the richest regions in forest resources in Ethiopia: – forest cover estimated approx. 3.1 million hectares, – forests account 8.5% of the State’s total land area, – 70% of the country’s high forests in Oromia, – Before 2007, forests in Oromia were classified and managed under 42 Regional Forest Priority Areas (RFPAs), – In 2007 all RFPAs transformed into 8 (eight) financially independent forest enterprises. – In 2009 OFWE is established as an independent institution, – REDD+ concept began in 2007 when feasibility study for the Bale Mountains REDD+ project conducted, – Oromia State REDD+ Program concept presented to FCPF meeting in March 2013. – Planning underway for design phase of OSRP with funding commitments from Norway and UK.
  11. 11. Bale Mountains REDD+ Project • Bale Mountains is part of SE highlands of Ethiopia forming mountainous landmass SE of Rift Valley and west of Somali lowlands, • Project Proponent: OFWE, supported by Farm Africa – SOS, • Project area - 500,000+ ha of high forest, • Deforestation average: 1.69% for Humid F & 6.67% for Dry forest, • PDD nearing completion using VM0015, • PFM primary implementation instrument. Fig. 7: Map of BM
  12. 12. Oromia State REDD Program(JNR) • Area of REDD Program - 2.03 million ha of high forest (60% of country’s high forest area), • • Forest blocks in the southwest and southeast parts of Oromia State, • Partners in ER Program identified, • Expected lifetime of the project – 20 years (coincides with CRGE timeline), • Drivers of deforestation identified and strategic options identified.
  13. 13. Map of Oromia JNR Area
  14. 14. Oromia JNR • ERs estimated to be 261 million tons of CO2e only from high forests, • Benefit sharing modalities to be developed (considering the experiences of PFM and Bale), • Consultations with stakeholders conducted at different levels, • MoA in collaboration with OFWE, Norway and World Bank organized a design workshop for OSRP.
  15. 15. Oromia JNR • Workshop reach initial consensus and buy-in from the key national stakeholders about a wide variety of issues related to the design of a REDD+ program in Oromia. • Workshop laid a base for the design of Oromia’s REDD+ Program. • Oromia State REDD+ Program will be structured in the three phases: – Design Phase (18 months) – Implementation Phase (3-5 years) – Results-based payments for emissions reductions phase (20 years)
  16. 16. • Insufficient technical capacity for implementation, • Complexity of explaining REDD+ to politicians and rural communities, • Linking local REDD+ projects to long term development strategies through effective local institutional capacity, • Benefit sharing and governance mechanisms that ensure equitable distribution of carbon benefits, • Collaboration and cooperation among implementing entities. REDD+ Challenges in Oromia
  17. 17. Thank you! Didha Dirriba, OFWE, DG