Learning In Networks


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Presentation by the GPFLR on learning networks and strategies

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Learning In Networks

  1. 1. Learning in Networks (Kigali, June 2009)
  2. 2. Taking a landscape...
  3. 3. Which are the options? High value Rich Well forested timber biodiversity catchment Subsistence farm land Ancestral homeland Grazing land Attractive scenery, tourism Commercial farm land Human settlement Biofuel Sub-soil production richness
  4. 4. Which are the drivers behind? Migratio n District policy Local food demand Foreign investment Local Market prices Land pressure Local power relations Land Decentralisatio grabbing n Tourism development Land tenure regime Emancipation of minorities
  5. 5. Population Globalisation growth Growing food Need for minerals demand Commodity Diet change: prices animal products Increased exploitation Increased mobility Climate change Increased fuel demand Increased Interest in biodiversity Demand for biofuels
  6. 6. Population Globalisation growth Growing food Need for minerals demand Commodity Diet change: prices animal products Increased exploitation Increased mobility Climate change Increased fuel demand Increased Interest in biodiversity Demand for biofuels
  7. 7. Multi-level and multi-scale Landscape Giller et al, 2008
  8. 8. Change Drivers of change Response
  9. 9. Landscapes and governance: mismatches Bio-geographical scales governance scales juridical scales Individual Local family Community Municipality municipal Province/district provincial department Country National Region International
  10. 10. Simple and complex systems Cooking Puzzle Machine Landscape Simple Simple Complicated Complex Predictable Predictable Not predictable Not predictable Recipe Single solution Guidelines Research Trial & error Problem tree Social learning Planning Scenarios Adaptive managemen
  11. 11. Landscapes as complex systems  Not easy to understand  Cannot be controlled or planned  Can only be influenced  Social learning
  12. 12. Learning about complex issues Alexandrian model Campfire model
  13. 13. Learning about complex issues Network approach
  14. 14. Living in a network society Everybody is member of a network Most likely more than one
  15. 15. Living in a network society Everybody is member of a network Most likely more than one Networks enhanced through: Face-to-face communication Telephone internet
  16. 16. Networks It is said that through networks, you are no further than six networks away from anybody in the world
  17. 17. Networks Networks are connected through its members
  18. 18. Networks: different scales and different levels Individual network Local or regional networks Global networks
  19. 19. Networks across spaces and scales “Me in my green – local landscape” pink - national blue – international Source: Ashish Shah, Kenya
  20. 20. Networks
  21. 21. Learning in networks
  22. 22. GPFLR Learning Network GPFLR
  23. 23. GPFLR Learning Network Gradually building the learning network:  January-March 2009: Scoping phase  April-September 2009: Development phase  September 2009 onward: Operational phase
  24. 24. Scoping report (March 2009)  Expectations of GPFLR partners  Needs of learning sites  Identification of learning strategy  Identification of learning strategy  Identification of opportunities and risks
  25. 25. Scoping phase: overall opinion Positive:  Linking practitioners, policy makers and academia  Up-scaling of site experience  International exposure of site managers  Fosters creativity and critical thinking  Dialogue - action oriented - institutional change
  26. 26. Scoping phase: multiple objectives  “Reforest the world”  Feed policy makers with evidence-based advice  Further develop FLR concept through shared learning and practice  Enhance local FLR efforts  Research network
  27. 27. Scoping phase: a “cloud” of objectives Learning actor actor site Site-based actor actor learning Learning Inter-site learning Innovative site Learning policy site advice Forest Landscape Restoration
  28. 28. Scoping phase: Good practice network  No practice is best, many practices are good  Good practice = Innovative  Good practice = Effective  Sustainable  Good practice = Replicable (?) Only if shared and contextualised
  29. 29. Scoping phase: Good practice network We also learn from:  Bad practice  Problems encountered  Failures  Difficulties Only if openly presented and shared Only in atmosphere of mutual trust
  30. 30. Scoping phase: users/producers, supporters and connectors partner partner partn er GPFLR GPFLR coordinator Learning site 1 Learning site 2 actor actor Networ acto acto k r r facilitato actor r Polic y Learning site 3 Universities make acto Policy r r make supporter r ITTO media CIFOR compan User/producer y public IUFRO company media connector
  31. 31. Scoping phase: nested networks Learning process at site level (intra-site) Learning process at global level (inter-site)
  32. 32. Scoping phase: nested networks  Strengthening local FLR initiatives  Enhancing local multi-stakeholder dialogue  Enhancing local networks  Connecting networks (“nested” networks)
  33. 33. Scoping phase: facilitation Facilitation of the learning process:  Both at central, and at decentralised level  Responsibility of network members  Local ownership  Multiple leaders
  34. 34. Learning strategy: Reflective learning Experience Adapt and Kolb’s Learning Review implement Cycle Conceptualisation After: Kolb’s learning cycle
  35. 35. Learning strategy: Reflective learning Monitor Monitor Evaluate Act Evaluate Act Plan Plan After: Kolb’s learning cycle
  36. 36. Learning strategy: issue focused Which issues? Which ones to be tackled first? Priority setting per learning site
  37. 37. Learning strategy: issue focused 1. Site level restoration techniques 2. Analysing landscape dynamics 3. Stakeholder involvement (multi-stakeholder dialogue) 4. Competing claims and conflicts 5. Governance, multi-scale and transboundary governance 6. Monitoring & evaluation 7. Financing FLR
  38. 38. Learning strategy: Capacity development Active participation requires special skills:  “Technical” knowledge on FLR  Process facilitation  Web-based communication
  39. 39. Learning strategy: blended learning  Real life encounters “Blended” learning  Web-based tools
  40. 40. Learning strategy: blended learning Topical Site workshops Training meetings events Economic Assessment of rationale of FLR global restoration potential Research Resources & documents Web-based learning platform
  41. 41. Learning strategy: horizontal and vertical linkages Horizontal learning:  Learning at sites  Learning between site
  42. 42. Learning strategy: horizontal and vertical linkages Vertical learning: Inter-action between practitioners, policy makers, and researchers
  43. 43. Learning strategy: North-South exchange North-South exchange: Participation of Northern/Southern, Eastern/Western, Temperate/tropical sites
  44. 44. Learning strategy: Monitoring & evaluation Monitoring of learning networks:  Multiple objectives and multiple activities  No linear process  Outcome unpredictable  Learning-by-doing  Site-specific and cross-country action research
  45. 45. Learning sites Selection of learning sites:  Limited number of enthusiastic “pilot” sites  Sites proposed by GPFLR partners  IUCN Livelihoods & Landscapes sites  Auto-selection of sites
  46. 46. Learning sites Criteria for learning sites:  (willing to get) involved in FLR activities  Willing to comply with FLR principles (dual filter, multi-stakeholder involvement)  Willing to share information and learn  Availability of capable and enthusiastic personnel
  47. 47. United Kingdom: GPFLR learning sites Kielder and Trossachs Netherlands: Veluwe China: Miyun United States: South Platte Thailand Dong Mae Salong Brazil: Acre Indonesia 12 potential sites Ghana: several Great options Lakes ?
  48. 48. Scoping phase: pre-conditions for success  Long term commitment of GPFLR core group ($$)  Envisaged results and impact have to be clearly and collectively defined beforehand  Active participation and contribution of learning sites (local ownership)  In-built disposition at site level to disclose information, release staff time, allocate resources
  49. 49. Four initial meetings Kick-off meetings to get to know each other, define learning sites and contacts, define learning priorities  May: Indonesia  June: Rwanda (Great Lakes)  June/July: Brazil  October: England
  50. 50. Indonesia workshop (May 2009)  Positive and enthusiastic reply  Wide range of experiences available  FLR fits in new government’s policy for enhanced decentralisation and participatory planning process  Focus on creation of Indonesian network  Twelve potential learning sites defined (to be reduced)  Each site having specific learning focus  Voluntary network facilitator identified  Site profiles developed, follow up meeting in December
  51. 51. Indonesia workshop (May 2009) Specific learning focus:  Site specific restoration techniques  Institutional setting (private/public/NGO sector)  Conservation concessions  FLR in extremely degraded areas (ex-mining)  FLR under conditions of external threat (globalisation)  Cultural/spiritual values of landscapes  FLR in urban fringes
  52. 52. Web-based support Web-based support presently being developed:  Generic GPFLR website: http://www.ideastransformlandscapes.org  FLR Learning platform: http://learning.gpflr.webfactional.com
  53. 53. GPFLR website and learning platform
  54. 54. GPFLR website and learning platform
  55. 55. GPFLR learning network  Generic GPFLR website: http://www.ideastransformlandscapes.org  FLR Learning platform: http://learning.gpflr.webfactional.com
  56. 56. Questions principales  Quelles sont les principes que nous maitrisons et que nous pouvons partager avec les autres?  Quelles sont les principes que nous ne maitrisons pas et sure la quelle nous devront apprendre?  Comment est-ce que’on pourra l’apprendre?  Comment le reseau d’apprentisage pourra faciliter cela?  Quelles sont les premieres sites pilot d’apprentisage?  Que sera responsible du reseau d’apprentissage dans ces sites?