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ITTO Guidelines Forest Restoration


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Presentation by ITTO on Forest Landscape Restoration and the ITTO guidelines.

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ITTO Guidelines Forest Restoration

  1. 1. ITTO and Forest Landscape Restoration Workshop on Forest Landscape Restoration Bali Prana Dewi, 12-15 May 2009 INTERNATIONAL TROPICAL TIMBER ORGANIZATION
  2. 2. Content • ITTO in General • ITTO’s interest in FLR • Relevant ITTO Guidelines: – ITTO Guidelines for the restoration, management and rehabilitation of degraded and secondary tropical forests – ITTO/IUCN Guidelines for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in tropical production forests
  3. 3. The International Tropical Timber Organization • created by the ITTA, 1983 • currently operates under the ITTA, 1994 • ITTA 2006 soon to come into force • has a secretariat of 40 people based in Yokohama, Japan
  4. 4. ITTO Objectives -To promote the sustainable management of tropical timber-producing forests -To promote the expansion and diversification of international trade in tropical timber from sustainably managed and legally harvested forests
  5. 5. Membership ITTO: • brings together tropical timber producers and consumers as equal partners in decision-making • currently has 60 member countries ITTO membership represents: • over 90% of world tropical timber trade • over 80% of the world’s tropical forests
  6. 6. Producer member countries Africa Asia Latin America Cameroon Cambodia Bolivia Central African Rep. Fiji Brazil Congo India Colombia Cote d’Ivoire Indonesia Ecuador Dem. Rep. of Congo Malaysia Guatemala Gabon Myanmar Guyana Ghana Papua New Guinea Honduras Liberia Philippines Mexico Nigeria Thailand Panama Togo Vanuatu Peru Suriname Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela
  7. 7. Consumer member countries Australia Germany Norway Austria Greece Poland Belgium/Lux. Ireland Portugal Canada Italy Sweden China Japan Switzerland Denmark Korea UK Egypt Nepal USA Finland Netherlands EU France New Zealand
  8. 8. Areas of work • Economic information and market intelligence (EIMI) • Forest industry (FI) • Reforestation and forest management (RFM) • Communication
  9. 9. Economic information and market intelligence (EIMI) • Timber trade and markets • Statistics • Market access • Certification • Ecosystem services
  10. 10. Forest industry (FI) • Value adding • Reduced impact logging • Efficiency • Marketing
  11. 11. Reforestation and forest management (RFM) • Forest management planning • Criteria & indicators • Forest Landscape Restoration • Community forestry • Forest fire management • Biodiversity & transboundary conservation • Mangroves
  12. 12. Donors Financial contributions may be made by any country or organization. Donors for project work and other activities include: Japan Australia Switzerland Finland United States South Korea Norway Private Sector Netherlands EU
  13. 13. ITTO acts through… • Policy related activities • Projects • Communication and information sharing • Thematic Programmes
  14. 14. ITTO projects • ITTO has provided grants worth over US$375 million • more than 750 projects funded • about 150 projects currently under way • employ more than 500 local professionals in the tropics
  15. 15. Examples of ITTO projects • GLOMIS – Global Mangrove Database & Information System ( ) • Training on RIL (Indonesia, Brazil, Cameroon, Cambodia) • Forest restoration projects (Ghana, Thailand, Colombia) • Forest assessment, mapping and inventory (Gabon, Cameroon) • Building capacity for A/R CDM (Africa, Latin America, Asia) All projects with the primary objective of promoting SFM
  16. 16. ITTO’s transboundary conservation program Region Countries Area Lanjak-Entimau/ Malaysia/Indonesia 1.1 m ha Betung Kerihun Phatam Thailand/Cambodia 0.13 m ha Kayan Mentarang/ Indonesia/Malaysia 1.55 m ha Pulong Tau Condor Range Peru/Ecuador 2.42 m ha Tambopata/ Peru/Bolivia 2.85 m ha Madidi Northern Congo Congo/Cameroon/CAR 1.7 m ha Mengamé Cameroon/Gabon 0.14 m ha Total 9.9 m ha
  17. 17. ITTO and Indonesia • ITTO projects since 1987 – PD 17/87 – “Investigation on the steps needed to rehabilitate the areas of East Kalimantan seriously affected by fires” – PD 271/04 – “Rehabilitation of degraded forest land involving local communities in West Java” • 51 projects implemented • 9 projects current operational • ITTO investment of +- $28 million • ITTOProjectsinIndonesia-DB-12May09.pdf
  18. 18. Policy work ITTO Guidelines ( SFM, Forest Restoration, Biodiversity Guidelines, Planted tropical forests, etc)
  19. 19. Communication and information sharing •Status of Forest Management in the Tropics ITTO : SFM Tropics 2005 •Annual Review and Assessment of the World Timber Situation 2007 • ITTO Guidelines ( Forest Restoration, Biodiversity Guidelines ,planted tropical forests, etc) • TFU , Tropical Timber Market Report
  20. 20. Thematic Programmes: A new mechanism for support • ITTO’s new mechanism to support member countries • Five cross-cutting Themes approved in the last Council: 1. Reducing Deforestation and Forest Degradation and Enhancing Environmental Services – REDDES 2. Tropical Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade – TFLET 3. Community Forest Management and Enterprises 4. Trade and Market Transparency 5. Industry Development and Efficiency
  21. 21. Thematic Programmes in operation • REDDES • TFLET • CITES/ITTO Initiative
  22. 22. ITTO and Forest Landscape Restoration
  23. 23. Direct causes of forest area change by region 1990-2000 70 60 Percentage of total area change 50 40 30 20 10 0 Africa Latin America Asia Pan-Tropical Expansion of shifting cultivation into undisturbed forests Intensification of agriculture in shifting cultivation areas Direct conversion of forest area to small-scale permanent agriculture Direct conversion of forest area to large-scale permanent agriculture Gains in forest area and canopy cover Other
  24. 24. Degraded and Secondary Forests in the Tropics • Approx. 850 million ha (the size of US) • Only 45% of tropical forests are still on continuous forest landscapes • Local communities manage secondary/degraded forests for their livelihoods • Gained new momentum with REDD – Difficult to assess degradation
  25. 25. Degradation Thresholds 100 Crown Original status ”Undegraded cover forest” % 80 Restoration Rehabilitation Forest ”Degraded forest” A/R 10 ”Non-forest” Time
  26. 26. Degradation and SFM Elements SFM element Potential indicators (examples) 1.Extent of forest Forest cover, stand density, degree of resources fragmentation 2.Biological diversity Ecosystem diversity, species diversity, genetic diversity, degree of fragmentation, connectivity 3.Forest health and Area affected by pests, diseases, fire, storm vitality damage, etc. 4.Productive Stocking level, MAI, age structure, NTFP yield functions of forest resources 5.Protective Soil erosion, water quality and runoff, etc. functions of forest resources 6.Socio-economic Value of forest products, recreation and tourism; functions of forests cultural and community values; employment; income; area available for recreation, area available to indigenous people 7.Contribution to the Carbon stock (biomass/soil), growing stock carbon cycle/climate change by forests
  27. 27. What climate change people look at: • Aditionality • Permanence • Avoided leakage
  28. 28. Levels of Assessment Ø National Ø Sub-national Ø Landscape Ø Forest management unit Ø Stand Implications for (inter alia) è Choice of inidicators è Choice of assessment methodology
  29. 29. SFM FLR “... going in the same direction”
  30. 30. ITTO Guidelines
  31. 31. -Definitions (pg 10- 11) -Management Strategies (pg. 23) - 49 Principles and 160 Recommendations (pg 32 – 49) -Glossary (pg 57) -Annexes (pg 62 – 84)