Wordpress Beyond A Blog Word Camp Toronto08


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An overview of why Wordpress is such a strong system to use as a CMS / platform and lots of plugins that can enable a wide variety of functionality

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Wordpress Beyond A Blog Word Camp Toronto08

  1. 1. WordPress: Beyond A Blog WordCamp Toronto Saturday October 4 th , 2008 Jamie Oastler [email_address] www.idealienstudios.com
  2. 2. Post Wordcamp Notes: <ul><li>You can watch the actual presentation here: http://www.vimeo.com/1888342 </li></ul><ul><li>Bulk of slides are identical to what I used for Wordcamp. </li></ul><ul><li>Small adjustments made so they print better as handouts. </li></ul><ul><li>Please feel free to e-mail me any comments / questions / links where you blog about the presentation – jamie@idealienstudios.com </li></ul>
  3. 3. Highlights <ul><li>The Blue Pill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The power of the platform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anatomy of a theme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A few words about plugins </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Red Pill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WordPress-as-a-CMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What can WordPress do? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What can’t WordPress do? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where do you go from here? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Green Pill? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to install WordPress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to configure WordPress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From CSS To WP Theme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Available shortly at http:// www.idealienstudios.com /presentations </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Introduction <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bachelor of Commerce from Carleton University </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporate development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Canada Post - www.canadapost.ca </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lee Valley Tools - www.leevalley.com </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Innovapost - www.innovapost.com </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small business design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hobbyists – sawdustandglass.oastler.ca </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Local Businesses – www.sanacentre.com </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Businesses – www.healthyhooves.ca </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rural Artists – www.nostalgicarts.ca </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The power of the platform <ul><li>WordPress.com stats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2.3 million new blogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>35 million posts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6.5 million page views </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WordPress.org </li></ul><ul><ul><li>11.1 million downloads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>931 user submitted ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12,932 votes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1,090 changes into repository </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3,028 plugins </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The power of the platform
  7. 7. The power of the platform <ul><li>Out-of-box functionality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy installation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple content types </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hierarchical data structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User roles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content approval / publishing workflow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content versioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customizable presentation layer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comment system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canonical URLS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for RSS, SSL </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The power of the platform <ul><li>Open source!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community of contributors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolve with best practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bend and extend for yourself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business potential - free! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Smart architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PHP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All major operating systems – Linux, Windows, Mac </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Runs on all major web server platforms (including IIS) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mySQL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Popular open source database </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consistent fast performance, high reliability and ease of use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Set it and forget it – Add connection strings to WP-config.php and you can instruct WordPress to handle all changes via the admin menu </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The power of the platform <ul><li>Modular design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Themes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>template file system that provides a method to define separate PHP files for the different components of your site. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plugins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A set of one or more functions, written in PHP that adds a specific set of features or services to WordPress </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modify content of various types before adding it to the database or sending it to the browser screen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Launched at specific points during execution, or when specific events occur </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The power of the platform <ul><li>FUD Tactics – Fear, Uncertainty, Doubt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You’re pushing it to do something it wasn’t meant to do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single Blog-centric </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Post/Page/User Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single and Simple Category Tree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rigid Permalink Structure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ WordPress was always designed as a simple CMS for people smart enough to not get mired in the things that CMSes usually get mired in.” Matt Mullenweg </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://bloghelper.is-there.net/5-reasons-not-to-use-WordPress-as-a-cms/ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Anatomy of a theme <ul><li>“ Template files are the building blocks of your WordPress site. They fit together like the pieces of a puzzle to generate the web pages on your site.” http:// codex.WordPress.org/Stepping_Into_Templates </li></ul><ul><li>Themes Directory - /WP-content/themes/ </li></ul>
  12. 12. Anatomy of a theme <ul><li>Start simple and build your design iteratively http://WPcandy.com/articles/the-WordPress-starter-theme-project.html </li></ul>Display template for posts without category styling archive.php Primary landing page and could be the only one index.php <head></head> and usually top-navigation header.php A container for functions called in other theme files functions.php Put your analytics code here! footer.php Included inside display templates to display comments and allow users to add new comments to a post / page. comments.php Display template for categories requests category.php Invalid URL requests will be served this page. 404.php Usage Theme File
  13. 13. Anatomy of a theme <ul><li>The volume and types of files in any theme will be based on the complexity / variety of designs and the skill of the author to implement those styles. </li></ul>Sub-folder [Javascript] Display template for pages (non-blog) page.php Sub-folder [Images] Primary css stylesheet style.css Display template for individual blog posts single.php Navigation or code included in other display templates. Can be managed through admin via widgets - http:// automattic.com /code/widgets/themes/ sidebar.php <?php include(TEMPLATEPATH . '/searchform.php'); ?> searchform.php Usage Theme File
  14. 14. Anatomy of a theme <ul><li>Make? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intimate knowledge of code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designed to your standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less cost / More time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate concepts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn to be self-sufficient </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How to make? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.WordPress.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.wordcamptoronto.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://vibr8bros.com/WordPress-project/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// weblogtoolscollection.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// themetation.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Acquire / Customize? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faster development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on customization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unfamiliar with code at start </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Costs money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leverage best practices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where to get? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// WordPress.org /extend/themes/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.templatemonster.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.woothemes.com / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.WPremix.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www/ revolutiontheme.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.themeforest.net </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. A few words about plugins <ul><li>Why are plugins like women </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They vary in quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They can cost you time / money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find a good one and you’ll be very happy! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What should you do with a plugin? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read comments / reviews - http:// WordPress.org/extend/plugins / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backup, backup, BACKUP! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiment on a development server first </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share your knowledge about implementation experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support plugin developers! </li></ul></ul>a spouse?
  16. 16. A few words about plugins <ul><li>Manual process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D – Download </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U – Unzip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>F – FTP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A – Activate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I – Integrate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T – Test </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More control over the process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better understanding of changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More secure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Automatic process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An option as of WP 2.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Store FTP password in db </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Install via plugin panel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plugins from WP.org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consider the impact each additional plugin may have on your environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compatible with others? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New tables / entries in db? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross-browser implications? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is there a simpler way? </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. A few words about plugins <ul><li>Standard plugins to consider for any site </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Akismet - Spam Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// akismet.com / </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ozh Admin Drop Down Menu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// WordPress.org/extend/plugins/ozh -admin-drop-down-menu/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance Mode </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// WordPress.org/extend/plugins/maintenance -mode/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WP-cache – Improve page load performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// WordPress.org/extend/plugins/WP -super-cache/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WP-db-backup – Save you from yourself / hackers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// WordPress.org/extend/plugins/WP -db-backup/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>google-sitemap-generator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// WordPress.org/extend/plugins/google -sitemap-generator/ </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Idealien Category Enhancements <ul><li>WordPress-as-a-CMS usually involves completely different presentation requirements per category / per post. </li></ul><ul><li>Modifies the category and post template process </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent with the page template process. </li></ul><ul><li>Site authors can select post / category template through the admin console. </li></ul><ul><li>Configurable sub-category inheritance / overrides. </li></ul>http:// www.idealienstudios.com/code/ice/index.html
  19. 19. WordPress-as-a-CMS <ul><li>WP as a CMS means “to push WP beyond what it was originally intended to do - publishing blogs - and into the realm of more robust and perhaps more complex CMSes.” bloghelper.is-there.net </li></ul><ul><li>“ If you are going to be the person customizing and extending the system and then using it, its easier to start with WordPress, because by the time you’ve learnt about the templates and the tags, you are already ready to customize WordPress into whatever you want out of it.” blogopreneur.com </li></ul><ul><li>“ The three open source content management systems WordPress, Joomla! and Drupal are by far the most used publication-oriented CMS on the Web” cmsexperts.com </li></ul><ul><li>“ Our site is testimony to the versatility of WordPress for use as an entire website that is more than just a blog” Sharani.org </li></ul>
  20. 20. What Can WordPress Do? Basic Content <ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Magazines </li></ul><ul><li>Portals </li></ul><ul><li>Tutorials </li></ul><ul><li>Subscription-based content </li></ul>
  21. 21. What Can WordPress Do? Photo Gallery <ul><li>Rannie Turingan </li></ul><ul><li>NextGen </li></ul><ul><li>flShow Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Post Thumb </li></ul><ul><li>Custom fields + Lightbox2 </li></ul>
  22. 22. What Can WordPress Do? Podcasting <ul><li>Charles Hodgson </li></ul><ul><li>Plugins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PodPress (2.6 issues) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blubrry Powerpress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CaveMonkey50.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attach .mp3 to post? </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. What Can WordPress Do? Recipes <ul><li>Each recipe is a post </li></ul><ul><li>Custom fields for ingredients </li></ul><ul><li>Design a delicious theme! </li></ul><ul><li>Plugin potential </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What can you make with what you have on hand? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you have to buy to make what you want? </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. What Can WordPress Do? Comics <ul><li>ComicPress - http:// mindfaucet.com/comicpress / </li></ul>
  25. 25. What Can WordPress Do? Bilingualisation <ul><li>Gengo - http:// WordPress.org/extend/plugins/gengo / </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The unofficial language of the internet is English </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sites still have need of multiple languages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easily translate posts / pages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New functionality – snippets </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. What Can WordPress Do? CSS Gallery <ul><li>OS Designer - - http://www.osdesigner.net/wordpress-themes/css-gallery-theme/ </li></ul><ul><li>Theme Test Drive - http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/theme-test-drive/ </li></ul>
  27. 27. What Can WordPress Do? Classified Ads <ul><li>http://WPglamour.com/classipress-premium-WordPress-theme-for-classifieds-websites/ </li></ul>
  28. 28. What Can WordPress Do? AJAX <ul><li>Loads posts, comments and comment form inline. </li></ul><ul><li>AJAX Submit comments </li></ul><ul><li>Threaded Comments </li></ul><ul><li>Highly customizable post excerpts including having multiple inline pages. </li></ul><ul><li>Embed posts into posts and pages and load them inline. </li></ul><ul><li>Live Comment Preview or AJAX full comment preview. </li></ul><ul><li>Rich Text Editor for comment form. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes Lightbox, Slimbox, Lightview, and reCAPTCHA support. </li></ul><ul><li>Ajax previous/next post and pages. </li></ul><ul><li>Full AJAX Navigation </li></ul><ul><li>Clickable quicktags and smilies. </li></ul><ul><li>Major features work without theme edits. </li></ul><ul><li>Easily customized templates. </li></ul><ul><li>Supports multiple themes. </li></ul><ul><li>Options can be customized on a post-by-post basis. </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful Admin Panel. </li></ul><ul><li>Works with WP AJAX Edit Comments to allow inline comment editing. </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent support and active development. </li></ul><ul><li>AJAXed Wordpress - http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/ajaxd-wordpress / </li></ul>
  29. 29. What Can WordPress Do? Integrate 2.0 Host your media on Simple Storage Service TanTan S3 Amazon S3 Updates Ping.FM when you c/e/u a post, etc. WPing.FM Ping.FM Use photos from sites to build WP galleries PhotoXhibit Flickr Enable visitors to use OpenID to post / login SimpleOpenID OpenID Analytics for traffic from social media Social Traffic Monitor List all your social media profile links Social Homes Daily post of your daily stumbles Stumble Digest Shows SU user reviews inside your posts Stumble Reviews StumbleUpon Show your twitters in your WP sidebar SimpleTwitter Notify twitter of blog posts Twitpress Twitter Actions in WP show up in FB and vice versa Wordbook Facebook Let your users promote your content for you Share This Social Media Everything Interaction Plugin Website / App
  30. 30. What Can WordPress Do? GPS / GMaps <ul><ul><li>http://WordPress.org/extend/plugins/xml-google-maps / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://avi.alkalay.net/2006/11/google-maps-plugin-for-WordPress.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// wordpress.org/extend/plugins/umapper / </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. What Can WordPress Do? Auctions <ul><li>WP Auctions - http:// WordPress.org/extend/plugins/WP -auctions/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create and host as many auctions as you like </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upload multiple images for each auction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sell items only on 'Buy It Now' basis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Show 3rd party ads when there are no auctions *new </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get payment via PayPal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RSS feed for your auctions, and many more... </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. What Can WordPress Do? eCommerce <ul><li>WP e-commerce - http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/wp-e-commerce / </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free for Paypal, Google Checkout, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gold cart for additional payment gateways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crafters & Artists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Books, DVDs & MP3 files </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Viable solution for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bands & Record Labels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clothing Companies </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. What Can WordPress Do? Mailing Lists <ul><li>Mailpress - http:// WordPress.org/extend/plugins/mailpress / </li></ul>
  34. 34. What Can WordPress Do? Basic CRM <ul><li>WP Contact Manager </li></ul>
  35. 35. What Can WordPress Do? Help Desk <ul><li>WordPress Help Desk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible Configuration. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Email Notification. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessible From Anywhere. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full History Retention. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated Seamlessly into WordPress Admin. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporting For Admin. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different Views Depending On User Level. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Live Suggestions And Hints. </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. What Can WordPress Do? CMS / CRM <ul><li>Flutter - http://freshout.us/goodies/fresh-post-for-wordpress-wordpress-cms/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flutter Write Panel allows you to extend WordPress write menus: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Checkboxes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Named textboxes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Radio buttons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modules, Layouts, API </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Peter’s Login Redirect - http:// www.theblog.ca/WPlogin -redirect </li></ul><ul><li>Private WP - http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/private-wp / </li></ul><ul><li>WPNamed Users - http:// WordPress.sundskard.dk/archives/category/WPnamedusers </li></ul>
  37. 37. What Can WordPress Do? Role Mgmt <ul><li>Role Scoper - http://agapetry.net/news/introducing-role-scoper / </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Role Scoper is a comprehensive drop-in replacement for capability enforcement and administration in WordPress. Assign reading, editing or administration roles to users or groups on a page-specific, category-specific or other content-specific basis. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What if you want someone to contribute their own pages without editing other’s post or pages? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can content-specific roles be administered on a sectional basis, or must someone be a super-adminstrator? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BETA! </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. What Can WordPress Do? Events/Calendar <ul><li>Calendar - http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/calendar/ </li></ul><ul><li>Events - http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/wp-events/screenshots/ </li></ul><ul><li>Event Calendar - http://wpcal.firetree.net/ </li></ul><ul><li>Google Calendar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wpng - http:// code.google.com/p/wpng -calendar/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feed Parser - http:// wordpress.org/extend/plugins/google -calendar-feed-parser/ </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. What Can’t WordPress Do? <ul><li>Defeat Chuck Norris </li></ul><ul><li>Chuck Norris Facts Plugin http://www.jeayese.com/?p=218 </li></ul>
  40. 40. What Can’t WordPress Do? <ul><li>Cure Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Help people cope and communicate </li></ul>
  41. 41. What Can’t WordPress Do? <ul><li>Fix the US economy </li></ul><ul><li>Does give you a strong platform to build your business around </li></ul><ul><li>Provide the platform for LOTS of people to tell you how to make money </li></ul>
  42. 42. Where do you go from here? <ul><li>Site Owner </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiment and prototype </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support plugin/theme developers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share your ideas - http:// WordPress.org /extend/ideas/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop your own plugin / themes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help bridge the gap! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share your experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contribute to the community </li></ul>
  43. 43. Questions? Comments? Slides and audio of this presentation will be available shortly at: http:// www.idealienstudios.com /presentations
  44. 44. Mathematical proof that WP = CMS <ul><li>W-O-R-D-P-R-E-S-S </li></ul><ul><li>= 23+15+18+4+16+18+5+19+19 </li></ul><ul><li>= 137 * 9 </li></ul><ul><li>= 1+2+3+3 </li></ul><ul><li>= 9 </li></ul><ul><li>C-O-N-T-E-N-T M-A-N-A-G-E-M-E-N-T S-Y-S-T-E-M </li></ul><ul><li>= 3+15+14+20+5+14+20 13+1+14+1+7+5+13+5+14+20 19+25+19+20+5+13 </li></ul><ul><li>= 91 + 93 + 101 </li></ul><ul><li>= 285 * 9 </li></ul><ul><li>= 2+5+6+5 = 1+8 </li></ul><ul><li>= 9 </li></ul>26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Z Y X W V U T S R Q P O N M L K J I H G F E D C B A