Pronouns<br />Generally (but not always) pronouns stand for (pro + noun) or refer to a noun, an individual or individuals ...
Examples of Pronouns:<br />Common types of pronouns found in the world's languages are as follows:<br />Personal pronouns ...
Objective pronouns are used when the person or thing is the object of the sentence or clause. English example: John likes ...
Possessive pronouns are used to indicate possession or ownership. <br />In a strict sense, the possessive pronouns are onl...
Demonstrative pronouns distinguish the particular objects or people that are referred to from other possible candidates. E...
Distributive pronouns are used to refer to members of a group separately rather than collectively. English example: To eac...
Indefinite relative pronouns have some of the properties of both relative pronouns and indefinite pronouns. They have a se...
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Pronouns

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Pronouns

  1. 1. Pronouns<br />Generally (but not always) pronouns stand for (pro + noun) or refer to a noun, an individual or individuals or thing or things (the pronoun's antecedent) whose identity is made clear earlier in the text.<br />
  2. 2. Examples of Pronouns:<br />Common types of pronouns found in the world's languages are as follows:<br />Personal pronouns stand in place of the names of people or things: <br />Subjective pronouns are used when the person or thing is the subject of the sentence or clause. English example: I like to eat chips, but she does not. <br />Second person formal and informal pronouns (T-V distinction). <br />Inclusive and exclusive "we" pronouns indicate whether the audience is included. There is no distinction in English.<br />Intensive pronouns, also known as emphatic pronouns, re-emphasize a noun or pronoun that has already been mentioned. English uses the same forms as for the reflexive pronouns; for example: I did it myself (contrast reflexive use, I did it to myself).<br />
  3. 3. Objective pronouns are used when the person or thing is the object of the sentence or clause. English example: John likes me but not her. <br />Direct and indirect object pronouns. English uses the same forms for both; for example: Mary loves him (direct object); Mary sent him a letter (indirect object).<br />Reflexive pronouns are used when a person or thing acts on itself. English example: John cut himself.<br />Reciprocal pronouns refer to a reciprocal relationship. English example: They do not like each other.<br />Prepositional pronouns come after a preposition. No distinct forms exist in English; for example: Anna and Maria looked at him.<br />Disjunctive pronouns are used in isolation or in certain other special grammatical contexts. No distinct forms exist in English; for example: Who does this belong to? Me.<br />
  4. 4. Possessive pronouns are used to indicate possession or ownership. <br />In a strict sense, the possessive pronouns are only those that act syntactically as nouns. English example: Those clothes are mine.<br />Often, though, the term "possessive pronoun" is also applied to the so-called possessive adjectives (or possessive determiners). For example, in English: I lost my wallet. They are not strictly speaking pronounsbecause they do not substitute for a noun or noun phrase, and as such, some grammarians classify these terms in a separate lexical category called determiners.<br />
  5. 5. Demonstrative pronouns distinguish the particular objects or people that are referred to from other possible candidates. English example: I'll take these.<br />Indefinite pronouns refer to general categories of people or things. English example: Anyone can do that.<br />
  6. 6. Distributive pronouns are used to refer to members of a group separately rather than collectively. English example: To each his own.<br />Negative pronouns indicate the non-existence of people or things. English example: Nobody thinks that.<br />Relative pronouns refer back to people or things previously mentioned. English example: People who smoke should quit now.<br />
  7. 7. Indefinite relative pronouns have some of the properties of both relative pronouns and indefinite pronouns. They have a sense of "referring back", but the person or thing to which they refer has not previously been explicitly named. English example: I know what I like.<br />Interrogative pronouns ask which person or thing is meant. English example: Who did that?<br />In many languages (e.g., Czech, English, French, Interlingua, and Russian), the sets of relative and interrogative pronouns are nearly identical. Compare English: Who is that? (interrogative) to I know who that is. (relative).<br />

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