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ini materi yang aku buat pada pelajaran bahasa inggris kelas X Smester 2

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  1. 1. 3rdTEAM<br /><ul><li>AdikaDwi A. P. (06)
  2. 2. AninditaLuciani (04)
  3. 3. Debora (06)
  4. 4. ErniSuryandari (07)
  5. 5. RosmawatiZakia (16)</li></li></ul><li>ENGLISH <br />PRESENTATION<br />1. Asking for Request<br />2. Asking for Help<br />3. Message<br />4. Invitation<br />5. Narrative text - Fable<br />6. Reported Speech<br />
  6. 6. Askingforrequest<br />Asking for request isask someone to do something. For example : <br />Deby ask Erni to open the window of the class.<br /><ul><li>Deby : Erni, what are you doing now?
  7. 7. Erni : I’m reading a novel, deb! What’s up?
  8. 8. Deby : Would you mind to help me? Please open the window, </li></ul> the air is so hot here! <br /><ul><li>Erni: Oh okay! You’re right! The air is so hot.
  9. 9. Deby: Thank you Er!
  10. 10. Dika : Yeah, you’re welcome !</li></li></ul><li>The other example of asking request :<br />
  11. 11. If someone asking a request to you, you can accept the request or refuse the request. If you accept the request, you can use this expressions :<br />
  12. 12. Than, if you want to refuse the request, you can use this expressions :<br />You can also use the other expressions of asking request, accepting request, and refusing request. There are many the other expressions.<br />
  13. 13. Askingforhelp<br />Asking for help is a way when we need some one to help us. For example :<br />Anin need Dika to repair her laptop. At school, Kiki ask Dika to help her.<br /><ul><li>Kiki : Good morning, Dika ! Are you busy?
  14. 14. Dika : Ohh, Good morning Ki! No, I’m not really busy. Why?
  15. 15. Kiki : Can you help me to repair my laptop?</li></ul>Something wrong with it! The monitor sometime off suddenly…<br /><ul><li>Dika : Oh, of course ! Let me see it! I’ll help as I can.
  16. 16. Kiki : Thank you very much Dika ! Here it is
  17. 17. Dika : Okay, no problem ! </li></li></ul><li>This other examples to expressing asking for help :<br />
  18. 18. MESSAGE<br />SMS is short written or oral information that is sent or when the person left and can’t meet directly with the person in question<br />Generic structure:<br /><ul><li>Sender
  19. 19. Content of the message
  20. 20. Receiver</li></ul>08158614371<br />May I wish U many happy returns of the day, Mrs. Lennon.<br />Sender : 087839880854<br />Receiver<br />Content<br />Sender<br />
  21. 21. Invitation<br />Definition ----><br />Invitation isa request to participate or be present or take part in something. There is two invitation, they are spoken invitation and written invitation.<br />WRITTEN INVITATION<br />Written invitation is an invitation in the form of written text. Invitation of wedding party and invitation of birthday party are including in written invitation text. Generic structure :<br /><ul><li>The purpose : To invite someone take part in something.
  22. 22. Generic structure :
  23. 23. Opening
  24. 24. Content
  25. 25. Time
  26. 26. Place
  27. 27. Programm
  28. 28. Closing</li></li></ul><li>RSVP is the abbreviation for the French phrase répondezs’ilvousplaît, meaning ‘please answer’ letters printed on an invitation asking the person invited to reply.<br />Opening<br />Content<br />Closing<br />
  29. 29. FABLE-narrativetext <br /> Fable is one of the kind of Narrative text. It is a short story that teaches a moral lesson and that often has animals as speaking character’s. <br /><ul><li>The purpose : To entertain the readers and to teach a moral lesson about life.
  30. 30. The Generic Structure :
  31. 31. Orientation</li></ul> describes scene and introduces the participants <br /> of the story.<br /><ul><li>Complication</li></ul> begins when there is a problem encountered <br /> by the characters<br /><ul><li>Resolution</li></ul> is the part in which the characters find <br /> the resolution.<br />
  32. 32. <ul><li>Orientation</li></ul> describes scene and introduces the <br /> participants of the story -> Paragraph 1<br /><ul><li>Complication</li></ul> begins when there is a problem <br /> encountered by the characters<br /> -> Paragraph 2 , 3 and 4<br /><ul><li>Resolution</li></ul> is the part in which the characters find <br /> the resolution. -> paragraph 5<br />
  33. 33. Reported speech<br />indirectspeech<br />Indirect speech (sometimes called reported speech), doesn't use quotation marks to enclose what the person said and it doesn't have to be word for word.<br />When reporting speech the tense usually changes. This is because when we use reported speech, we are usually talking about a time in the past (because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past). The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too. <br />For example: <br />
  34. 34. Tense change<br />As a rule when you report something someone has said you go back a tense: (the tense on the left changes to the tense on the right): <br />
  35. 35. Modal verb forms also sometimes change: <br />
  36. 36. Note !- There is no change to; could, would, should, might and ought to.<br />You can use the present tense in reported speech if you want to say that something is still true i.e. my name has always been and will always be Lynne so:<br />You can also use the present tense if you are talking about a future event.<br />
  37. 37. Time change <br />If the reported sentence contains an expression of time, you must change it to fit in with the time of reporting. For example we need to change words like here and yesterday if they have different meanings at the time and place of reporting.<br />
  38. 38. In addition if you report something that someone said in a different place to where you heard it you must change the place (here) to the place (there).<br />For example:-<br />
  39. 39. Pronoun change <br />In reported speech, the pronoun often changes.<br />For Example :<br />
  40. 40. Reporting Verbs <br />1. Said, told, and asked are the most common verbs used in indirect speech.<br /> We used asked to report questions :<br /> For example : I asked Lynee what time the lesson started.<br />2. We use toldwith an object.<br />For example: Lynne told me she felt tired. <br />Note! – Here, me is the object. <br />3. We usually use said without an object.<br />For example: Lynne said she was going to teach online.<br />4. If said is used with an object we must include to ; <br /> For example: Lynne saidtome that she'd never been to China. <br />
  41. 41. 5. Note - We usually use told.<br />For example: Lynne told me that she'd never been to China. <br />6. There are many other verbs we can use apart from said, told andasked.<br />These include:accused, admitted, advised, alleged, agreed, apologised, begged,<br /> boasted, complained, denied, explained, implied, invited, offered, <br />ordered, promised, replied, suggested and thought. <br />Using them properly can make what you say much more interesting andinformative.<br /> For example:He asked me to come to the party.<br />Became :<br />
  42. 42. Use of 'That' in reported speech<br />1. In reported speech, the word thatis often used.<br />For example: He told me that he lived in Greenwich<br />2. However, that is optional.<br />For example: He told me he lived in Greenwich.<br />3. That is never used in questions, instead we often use if.<br />For example: He asked me if I would come to the party. <br />
  43. 43. That’sall<br />THANKYOU<br />--- > LET’SFUN <br />WITHENGLISH<br />