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Values, Ethics, Beliefs, Morality: Leading a Full Life - Ian F Lewis FRSA FInstLM

Ian Lewis FRSA FInstLM
Ian Lewis FRSA FInstLM
Ian Lewis FRSA FInstLMDirector, Campaign for Adventure, Founder/Chair - LifeCollege.org, Chair, Access Group, UKSport&Recreation Alliance.

'Being in a higher place' enriches quality and quantity of life. Lower stress, better decisions, being fully oneself - the list goes on. Enjoy the slides and do visit lifecollege for more!

Values, Ethics, Beliefs, Morality: Leading a Full Life - Ian F Lewis FRSA FInstLM

1 of 4
Values
                                          Beliefs
                                           Ethics
                                          Morals
                                               and
                                    Behaviours
           Ian F. Lewis FRSA and Dr K. B. Everard © 2004-2010
                   For further discussion and/or additional slides: ian@lifecollege.org



Ian F. Lewis FRSA ©March
2010 www.lifecollege.org                      1
From whence cometh our behaviour?

                  BELIEFS                                                      VALUES
      (Statements of personal conviction)                            (Prized principles of worth)




                                                  OPINIONS
                 (Personal judgments derived from interpretation of beliefs and values)
                                                                                values)



                                                ATTITUDES
                            (Predispositions based on opinions and feelings)



                                                BEHAVIOUR
                                          (Response to any situation)



          A working model of the predispositions generating behaviour [Dr Everard ‘Values’ 04]
                   For further discussion and/or additional slides: ian@lifecollege.org

Ian F. Lewis FRSA ©March
2010 www.lifecollege.org                           2
A Hierarchy of Values
                                                  Spiritual
                             Self-transcendence, serenity, higher purpose,
                             acceptance, wonder, gratitude, hope, humility,
                            gentleness, wisdom, commitment, self-motivation
                                               Socio-political
           Peace, harmony, justice, equality, freedom, due process, tolerance, participation,
           co-operation, community, service, loyalty, citizenship, stewardship, sustainability
                                                   Moral
       Responsibility, courage, self-discipline, reliability, truthfulness, honesty, fidelity, fairness,
                                    unselfishness, kindness, generosity
                                            Personal Capability
    Leadership, teamwork, decision-making, endeavour, challenge, dealing with the unknown, self-
                                                development
                                                   Human
    Self-awareness, happiness, sense of humour, friendship, love, compassion, caring, respect for
                                              others, belonging
                                                    Basic
                                     Survival, health, self-respect, trust
                                                 Foundation
         Freewill, self-responsibility, autonomy, integrity, freedom to choose one’s own values


                         A Hierarchy of Values [for UN/UNESCO Lewis, 2004 ]
                         For further discussion and/or additional slides: ian@lifecollege.org

Ian F. Lewis FRSA ©March
2010 www.lifecollege.org                           3
Comment:
 • This is shown as a hierarchy, but progression tends to
   be piecemeal – values are developed according to
   experiences and situations.
 • There are many other hierarchical models, e.g., Kölberg,
   Piaget.
 • Individual, societal and family experiences will be key
   drivers forming ethical behaviours, but situation
   frequently dictates actual behaviours.
 • The true test of authenticity is that situation does not
   change ethics.
 • For further discussion and/or additional slides:
   ian@lifecollege.org


Ian F. Lewis FRSA ©March
2010 www.lifecollege.org     4
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Values, Ethics, Beliefs, Morality: Leading a Full Life - Ian F Lewis FRSA FInstLM

  • 1. Values Beliefs Ethics Morals and Behaviours Ian F. Lewis FRSA and Dr K. B. Everard © 2004-2010 For further discussion and/or additional slides: ian@lifecollege.org Ian F. Lewis FRSA ©March 2010 www.lifecollege.org 1
  • 2. From whence cometh our behaviour? BELIEFS VALUES (Statements of personal conviction) (Prized principles of worth) OPINIONS (Personal judgments derived from interpretation of beliefs and values) values) ATTITUDES (Predispositions based on opinions and feelings) BEHAVIOUR (Response to any situation) A working model of the predispositions generating behaviour [Dr Everard ‘Values’ 04] For further discussion and/or additional slides: ian@lifecollege.org Ian F. Lewis FRSA ©March 2010 www.lifecollege.org 2
  • 3. A Hierarchy of Values Spiritual Self-transcendence, serenity, higher purpose, acceptance, wonder, gratitude, hope, humility, gentleness, wisdom, commitment, self-motivation Socio-political Peace, harmony, justice, equality, freedom, due process, tolerance, participation, co-operation, community, service, loyalty, citizenship, stewardship, sustainability Moral Responsibility, courage, self-discipline, reliability, truthfulness, honesty, fidelity, fairness, unselfishness, kindness, generosity Personal Capability Leadership, teamwork, decision-making, endeavour, challenge, dealing with the unknown, self- development Human Self-awareness, happiness, sense of humour, friendship, love, compassion, caring, respect for others, belonging Basic Survival, health, self-respect, trust Foundation Freewill, self-responsibility, autonomy, integrity, freedom to choose one’s own values A Hierarchy of Values [for UN/UNESCO Lewis, 2004 ] For further discussion and/or additional slides: ian@lifecollege.org Ian F. Lewis FRSA ©March 2010 www.lifecollege.org 3
  • 4. Comment: • This is shown as a hierarchy, but progression tends to be piecemeal – values are developed according to experiences and situations. • There are many other hierarchical models, e.g., Kölberg, Piaget. • Individual, societal and family experiences will be key drivers forming ethical behaviours, but situation frequently dictates actual behaviours. • The true test of authenticity is that situation does not change ethics. • For further discussion and/or additional slides: ian@lifecollege.org Ian F. Lewis FRSA ©March 2010 www.lifecollege.org 4