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Camden and the Great War

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The meaning of the First World War in the community Camden NSW raises different questions for different people. The presentation examines the meaning behind the war effort, overseas, at home and today. The representation of the war in the contemporary world has a variety of interpretations from sacrifice to commodification. What the war represents 100 years on it still controversial. The story of Camden and the Great War is very complex. It is not black and white and has many shades of grey. Each layer means different things to different people.

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Camden and the Great War

  1. 1. Camden and the Great War Ian Willis Camden Historical Society 10 September 2014
  2. 2. One View of War Screaming Soldier - A Victim of War (acrylic on paper, 1999 , Nicholas de Lacy-Brown)
  3. 3. Structure of talk • Camden story of the Great War – effects of war • Serving overseas • Serving on the homefront • Conclusions - Collective memory of Camden and the Great War
  4. 4. Effects of the war • End of empire and Camden’s place in it • End of human progress • End of old militarism and disillusionment with nobility of war • Peak of modernism – birth of Fascism • Creation of tourist soldier • End of old order and old class system – new fashions – lots of single women • Massive loss of young men
  5. 5. Reporting the war - Declaration of war 28 June 1914, Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria Camden News, 6 August 1914, p.6
  6. 6. Reporting the war Camden News put cables on the front page  Cables from Europe  Mobilisation of the British Army  Appeal for a patriotic fund HJ Asher  Call for founding of Red Cross by Mayoress of Camden Mrs Young  ‘England’s Duty’ report of Mr Asquith speech.
  7. 7. Serving overseas • Camden Remembers Website • Janice Johnson’s Camden WW1 Diggers 1914 to 1918
  8. 8. Camden Remembers Website
  9. 9. Camden’s WW1 Diggers 1914 to 1918 • A collection of letters from men and women who served during the First World War • A memorial and form of commemoration
  10. 10. Serving on the homefront • Patriotic community organisations – Red Cross, Camden Patriotic Fund, Australian Patriotic Funds • Prayers, Farewells and Fundraising • Memorial services • Menangle Camp • Recruiting • Conscription • 6 o’clock closing
  11. 11. Patriotic community organisations Red Cross Camden Patriotic Fund Australian Patriotic Funds SLNSW
  12. 12. Prayers, Farewells and Fundraising Camden News 13 August 1914 Camden News 20 August 1914
  13. 13. First Memorial Service at St Johns Church Capt AW Macarthur Onslow KIA at Ypres CN, 12 November 1914 CN, 19 November 1914
  14. 14. Menangle ALH Camp 1916 alh.com smh.com
  15. 15. Recruiting Kangaroo March January 1916 Camden Kangaroo Recruiting March at Mittagong http://media.wsc.nsw.gov.au/tag/kangaroo-march/ CN 22 June 1915
  16. 16. Conscription CN 5 October 1916 CN 19 October 1916
  17. 17. Conscription Referendums 28 October 1916 & 1917 CN 19 October 1916 http://billyhughes.moadoph.gov.au/conscription_debate http://www.anzacday.org.au/history/ww1/homefront/conscription.html
  18. 18. 6 o’clock closing CN 18 May 1916 CN 1 June 1916 CN 8 June 1916
  19. 19. Camden collective memory and the Great War Commemorative sites around Camden • School history curriculum • commemorative rituals – Anzac Day; Remembrance Day; Dawn Service; • Buildings and local facilities • installation of memorials – Macarthur Park; Bicentennial Park; • the organisations of pilgrimages – school children going to Gallipoli • the production of cultural media – books; DVDs; Back Then History Page on The District Reporter; History Week; stories in the Camden press;
  20. 20. School Curriculum - Posters
  21. 21. Camden commemorative sites Macarthur Park
  22. 22. Camden commemorative sites Bicentennial Park
  23. 23. Camden commemorative sites Camden RSL
  24. 24. Camden commemorative sites Camden War Cemetery
  25. 25. Camden commemorative sites 49 Broughton St
  26. 26. Camden Commemorative sites
  27. 27. Camden Commemorative sites
  28. 28. Camden commemorative sites Camden Airfield
  29. 29. Camden commemorative sites Macarthur Chronicle

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