Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Cuban revolution

4,416 views

Published on

  • slide share really very useful for me to do all the projects easily. I received a lot for information through this slide share.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Cuban revolution

  1. 1. The Cuban Revolution1953-1959   By Ian Sherriff and DavidRan
  2. 2. Overview:● Overthrow of the Batista Regime by revolutionaries ● Seizure of US Businesses ● Communist-leaning reforms ● Latin American country in the "Soviet Camp"
  3. 3. Causes:● Legacy and ideas of Spanish-American War ● US Imperialism in Cuba ● Poverty and Disparity of Wealth ● Corruption Under US-backed Batista regime   
  4. 4. Political Cartoon 1898:
  5. 5. Spanish-American War● The Cuban War of Independence ● Cuba gains independence from Spain in 1898 ● 30,000 Cubans die fighting ● Cuba becomes an economic colony of the US, no independence 
  6. 6. The US in Cuba● Americans own most Cuban businesses ● American Mafia involved in illicit activities ○ gambling, prostitution, drug trafficking ○ 11,500 prostitutes in Havana ○ Havana becomes a "degenerate playground"  ● Cubans starve as their resources are taken by US businessmen
  7. 7. Gambling:
  8. 8. US Possessions in Cuba● In 1950s American investors own approx:  ○ 90% of mines ○ 40% of sugar industry ○ 50% of railways ○ 60% of arable land ○ all oil companies
  9. 9. Life in Cuba● Foreign investors and Cuban elites prosper ● Other Cubans in poverty ○ 43% illiterate ○ Mean annual income is $91.25 ● shrinking middle class ● US army guards American properties
  10. 10. Fulgencio Batista● Cuban dictator, military man ● Initially a popular reformer ● Leaves office, returnsthrough a coup detat ○ "lazier", more oppressive ● Clearly supported by the US government
  11. 11. Fidel Castro● Born into awealthy Cuban family ● Lawyer by profession ● Becomes radicalizedas a university student ● Leader of Cuban revolutionaries
  12. 12. Attack on the Moncada Barracks● July 26, 1953 ● Fidel Castro and 160 followers attack the Moncada Barracks in Santiago, Cuba ● Most are captured, tortured, executed ● Fidel Castro also captured
  13. 13. Moncada Barracks:
  14. 14. Aftermath of Moncada● Castro held on trial: ○ Acts as own lawyer ○ Gives a stirring defense in the speech History Will Absolve Me ○ Pardoned by Batista (overconfident) ● Castros movement gains recognition ● Attack is a military failure, but political success
  15. 15. The Granma● Castro exiled, meets Argentine revolutionary Che Guevara in Mexico ● Creates the 26th of July Movement ○ date of the Moncada attack● Invades Cuba with 82 men on the yacht the Granma 
  16. 16. Granma (Not Grandma):
  17. 17. Difficulty in Cuba● Castros army ambushed and nearly destroyed shortly after landing ● A dozen men escape to Sierra Maestra Mountains ● Guerrilla warfare is conducted ● Ranks later filled by peasants 
  18. 18. Falling Action● Batista is hated by the Cubans ● Batista attempts to stifle uprising with brutality ● Castro gains widespread peasant support ● US redacts support to Batista ○ Aid to the Cuban military is cut. 
  19. 19. Operacion Verano● Batista sends 12,000 troops to Sierra Maestra Mountains ○ Poorly trained and poorly led ○ Aims to defeat the few hundred rebels● Rebel army more motivated, better led ● Operación Verano fails ● Rebels pursue retreating army
  20. 20. Batista Flees● Rebels capture Santiago and Santa Clara● Batista flees to Portugal & Spain (F. Franco) ○ Esconds with vast sums of money● Rebels enter Havana on New Years Day 1959
  21. 21. Immediate Aftermath● New government composed of different anti-Batista parties ● Castro lacks power to independently rule Cuba ○ Yet holds most power in the government ○ Has support of the peasants● Castro moves towards complete domination of government
  22. 22. Castros Direction● Castro denies being a communist ● Plans to pursue neither capitalism nor communism ● US and Cuba hostile (US backed Batista) ● Cuba looks to the USSR
  23. 23. US Alarm● Cuba leads to communism and dictatorship under Castro ● Cuba has formal relations with USSR ● Castro nationalizes all US property in Cuba ○ US puts trade embargo on Cuba ○ USSR buys Cuban sugar● Many Cubans leave country
  24. 24. Cubans Flee:
  25. 25. Bay of Pigs Invasion● CIA trains Cuban emigres to invade Cuba and spark an uprising against Castro ● Most are captured; no uprising occurs ● Embarrassment for Kennedy Administration● Castro grows yet more popular ● US-Cuba relations further strained
  26. 26. Bay of Pigs:
  27. 27. Missile Crisis● Soviets place nuclear missiles in Cuba ● Kennedy demands that the Soviets remove the missiles ● Cuba acts as a pawn for US-Soviet hostility
  28. 28. Political Cartoon:
  29. 29. Life in Cuba● Literacy and health care improves ● Gambling and prostitution lessened ● Loss of democracy and rights ● Dependency on the USSR 
  30. 30. Photo Credits (in order):http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/72200/72288/72288_pr_flag_col_lg.gifhttp://unitedstatesimperialism.files.wordpress.com/2008/09/300px-10kmiles3.jpg?w=477http://sylverblaque.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/1950s-cuba-casino.jpg?w=300&h=219http://test.roundearthmedia.org/wp-content/uploads/2001/07/cuba2.jpghttp://2.bp.blogspot.com/-ujXB-ghAdUY/T2yco3FTSmI/AAAAAAAAAK0/YIfWiF0B85s/s1600/book-pile.jpghttp://www.nndb.com/people/118/000023049/fidel-castro-sm.jpghttp://www.workers.org/2007/world/Moncada_barracks.jpghttp://www.cubagob.cu/otras_info/historia/imagenes/hf39.jpghttp://affordablehousinginstitute.org/blogs/us/wp-content/uploads/havana_1959_01.jpghttp://cubanology.com/cubareport/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/CubanrefugeesLifeMag.jpghttp://www.photographytips.com.au/images/bay-of-pigs-cuba-usa-war-photos1.jpghttps://brookwoodhistory.wikispaces.com/file/view/cuban_missile_crisis_cartoon.gif/33950893/cuban_missile_crisis_cartoon.gifhttp://www.trinity.edu/jdunn/images/Castro/castro.jpg

×