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changing innovation and reshaping policy


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Presentation at HSE Conference, Moscow, 1st April 2014

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changing innovation and reshaping policy

  1. 1. © Higher School of Economics, Moscow 2014 Transforming Innovation: Reshaping Innovation Policy. Ian Miles Research Laboratory for Economics of Innovation Higher School of Economics - National Research University Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge Higher School of Economics Moscow 2012
  2. 2. © Higher School of Economics, Moscow 2014 Innovation is a social process with social outcomes: innovation and social policies intertwine • Inputs to innovation – Skills, attitudes, public demand and engagement, etc. • Outcomes of (use of) innovations – Environmental, Occupational, Social • Methods of innovation – Open, Social, User-driven innovation; (and innovation tools) • Objectives of innovation – Classic (competition, efficiency); new (green, inclusive; user-focused)
  3. 3. © Higher School of Economics, Moscow 2014 Innovation as Systemic • From isolated heroes to innovation ecosystems (=/= industrial ecosystems) • From R&D policy to wider innovation policy • Multiple players at multiple stages in innovation processes: - Creation and implementation - Supply and demand across the value chain • Physical infrastructure • Communications infrastructure • Networking • Alignment
  4. 4. © Higher School of Economics, Moscow 2014 Challenges and Transformations Grand Challenges (demographic, environmental, etc.) Innovation Processes and Outcomes (e.g. New forms of manufacturing) Solutions or exacerbations of challenge? Changing or sustaining social and economic practices Innovation as part of the response to Grand Challenges – not a magical solution. Social dimensions are critical. Problems often reflect current modes of use of available technology Addressing problems through appropriate use of innovations
  5. 5. © Higher School of Economics, Moscow 2014 Transforming Industry New materials and processes: biomaterials and biotech; nanotech Communications: Sensors in processes and products; new services New locations: 3D printing, “factoryless” manufacturing Resource efficiency, energy use New tools for innovation – simulation, design, LLs, crowdsourcing/etc . New organisations for innovation – business models, PPPs, crowdfunding, etc. New skills for innovation – commercialisation, cross-disciplinarity, new techs., etc. New orientations for innovation – customer- and value chain- focused, etc.
  6. 6. © Higher School of Economics, Moscow 2014 Policy requires Knowledge Demand and Modes of Use Reinvention Changing Practices Application Areas Combinations of Knowledge Development and Diffusion Innovations, Transformations Combinations of Knowledge Rate of Development KnowledgeofSocialand EconomicDynamics Evaluation,RiskAssessment andManagement Knowledge of Dynamics of Technological Change: Innovation Ecosystems, Product Cycles, etc. Roles for different innovation system actors, including Universities Social Consequences
  7. 7. © Higher School of Economics, Moscow 2014 What does this mean for Russia? • Much restructuring of innovation policy and efforts at reform • Many industries remain stuck at internationally low levels of innovation; little “new industrialisation” • Part of global systems • Scope for sharing knowledge internationally • Innovation policy must remain alert to emerging trends in industrial activity – not just to new technologies • Support innovative activities (including demand, and service and social innovation)and ecosystems • Enhance public support for and engagement with innovation • Promote networking and exchange among innovation system actors (and with those elsewhere) • Target and evaluate policies, while recognising that outcomes are often long-term.
  8. 8. © Higher School of Economics, Moscow 2014 End of Presentation