The lakedistrictnationalparkproblems case study

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The lakedistrictnationalparkproblems case study

  1. 2. Why do people want to visit the Lake District? <ul><li>Note down your answers in the back of your book </li></ul>
  2. 3. The Lake District National Park – Problems and management strategies <ul><li>Lesson aims: </li></ul><ul><li>To know what the main uses of the LD National Park are </li></ul><ul><li>To know what problems there are in the National park </li></ul><ul><li>To know how problems are managed in the National Park. </li></ul>
  3. 4. What are the special qualities of the Lake District? <ul><li>Mixture of natural and farmed landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity of landscapes – coasts, rivers, mountains, lakes, woodland, moorland </li></ul><ul><li>Spectacular scenery resulting from glaciation. Ideal for outdoor pursuits – Narrow ridges – hiking, lakes (Lake Windermere) speed boating and water skiing, rock climbing and bird watching </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Wide range of ecosystems – 101 Sites of Special Scientific Interest, 6 national nature reserves, eight areas of protected limestone pavement. </li></ul><ul><li>3200 km of footpaths, bridleways and green lanes. </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous local settlements – Grasmere, Ambleside, Keswick – each with own character. </li></ul><ul><li>Rural character of the LD with its dialect, sports and links with literature (Wainwright, Beatrix Potter) and artistic movements. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Activity <ul><li>Look at pg. 306 of the text book. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Tourism <ul><li>12 million visitors in total each year </li></ul><ul><li>What problems might this cause? </li></ul><ul><li>It is estimated that one third of employed residents are largely dependent on tourism. </li></ul><ul><li>Why is this a good thing? </li></ul><ul><li>What problems might this cause? </li></ul>
  7. 8. Each year, more than 12 million people visit the Lake District National Park <ul><li>What problems do you think might be caused by all these people visiting the Lake District National Park? </li></ul><ul><li>Write a bulleted list in your book </li></ul>
  8. 9. Problems created by visitors to the Lake District National Park <ul><li>Traffic </li></ul><ul><li>- Nearly 90% of tourists arrive by car. Congestion often heavy especially at weekends and during summer. Limited Public Transport. </li></ul><ul><li>Periodic congestion at Bottlenecks such as Bowness and Ambleside, parking problems & air and noise pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Many roads narrow, steep and winding, unsuitable for large volumes of traffic. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Footpath Erosion </li></ul><ul><li>1994 survey estimated that </li></ul><ul><li>4 million visitors a year take </li></ul><ul><li>walks of 6km or more. </li></ul><ul><li>More popular routes severely </li></ul><ul><li>eroded due to high volumes </li></ul><ul><li>of people. </li></ul><ul><li>Can create huge scars on the landscape – now visible from space. </li></ul><ul><li>Guidebooks making more remote areas attractive. </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>Second Homes and Holiday Homes </li></ul><ul><li>1 in 6 properties are second homes or holiday cottages </li></ul><ul><li>The increase in this type of accommodation, and in retirement homes has forced house prices to rise beyond the reach of most local people. </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>Honeypots </li></ul><ul><li>People congregate in large numbers at: </li></ul><ul><li>Scenic points (Aira Force, waterfall), summits of Scafell pike and Helvellyn </li></ul><ul><li>Important Historic buildings – Beartrix Potter’s house </li></ul><ul><li>Car parks e.g. Ambleside </li></ul><ul><li>Cafes e.g Bowness </li></ul><ul><li>What problems might this cause? </li></ul>
  12. 14. 5. Farming <ul><li>Problems associated with recreational use of NP include litter, damage to walls and crops, disturbance to stock and disruption to farm work – inconsiderate parking. </li></ul>
  13. 15. This can lead to conflicts between groups of people <ul><li>For example – people wishing to preserve the quiet of the area and those wanting speed boating and water skiing etc. </li></ul><ul><li>There has now been a speed limit placed on Lake Windermere to restrict the activities that take place there. </li></ul>
  14. 16. Solutions to the Problems 1. Traffic management <ul><li>Integration of rail, bus and steamer transport. </li></ul><ul><li>Local initiatives e.g. restricting on road parking, traffic calming schemes. </li></ul>
  15. 17. 2. Footpath Erosion <ul><li>Constructing hard wearing footpaths </li></ul><ul><li>Regular maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Fencing </li></ul><ul><li>Re-routing people away from areas prone to erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Educating people </li></ul><ul><li>Managing numbers – limiting car parking numbers. </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal to ride a bike on a footpath </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>3. Second homes and Holiday Cottages </li></ul><ul><li>Important for future of National Park to maintain vibrant communities </li></ul><ul><li>LDNPA aims to ensure some housing kept available for local people </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Affordable housing’ often provided in form of small groups through housing associations. </li></ul><ul><li>Occupancy confined to people who are working, or who have worked in the locality, or who have lived for 3 yrs within the District Council area. </li></ul>
  17. 19. 4. Honeypots <ul><li>Certain areas are tourist Honeypots e.g Grasmere. </li></ul><ul><li>Other areas still quiet and peaceful e.g. Wasdale. </li></ul><ul><li>Idea of ‘spreading the load’ would threaten solitude of less developed areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Local Plan recognises ‘quieter areas’. </li></ul><ul><li>LDNPA policies maintain character of quieter valleys. </li></ul><ul><li>Any developments that would increase noise, visual intrusion, traffic, litter or visitors are not permitted. </li></ul>
  18. 20. 5. Farming <ul><li>LDNPA can help by educating visitors about responsible use of the countryside. </li></ul><ul><li>Assist with rebuilding of walls, replacing gates and stiles </li></ul>
  19. 21. <ul><li>Look at this list of people. Which groups might there be conflicts between. Discuss and say why. </li></ul><ul><li>Tourists under 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Tourists over 50 </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Local resident </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation group </li></ul><ul><li>LDNPA </li></ul>
  20. 22. Activity : Double page spread: <ul><li>CASE STUDY: A NATIONAL PARK IN UK; THE LAKE DISTRICT </li></ul><ul><li>INCLUDE: </li></ul><ul><li>1. What is a National Park? Definition (Pg. 305) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Location (sentence) and figures (how many visit?) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Mind map “attractions and opps for tourism” </li></ul><ul><li>4. What are the PROBLEMS of tourism? </li></ul><ul><li>5. What are the solutions ( MANAGEMENT )? </li></ul><ul><li>6. What conflicts and opportunities are there? </li></ul>
  21. 23. Homework next lesson. <ul><li>Sheet and revision for mocks. </li></ul>
  22. 24. Unscramble and give a definition of the following words… <ul><li>hotfoot sooiren </li></ul><ul><li>spytneoho </li></ul><ul><li>dalefforab gouishn </li></ul><ul><li>ctffirta ginmlca ssmeehc </li></ul><ul><li>cosgticoen </li></ul><ul><li>csoflticn </li></ul>Answers: footpath erosion honeypots affordable housing traffic calming schemes congestion conflicts

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