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Sustainable implementation of fecal sludge businesses in developing countries

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Presented by Miriam Otoo at Asia Water Forum, Manila, Philippines
International Water Management Institute(IWMI)
October 3, 2018

Published in: Science
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Sustainable implementation of fecal sludge businesses in developing countries

  1. 1. Sustainable implementation of fecal sludge businesses in developing countries Miriam Otoo International Water Management Institute 3rd October, 2018
  2. 2. Almost 600 million people in India are dependent on FSM!
  3. 3. Effective fecal sludge management requires: • Strong local capacities across the whole sanitation service delivery chain. • Effective regulations and supportive policies. • Institutional linkages across P&P sectors supported by viable business models. Stakeholders multiply Regulations multiply
  4. 4. • Review of 44+ successful FSM business cases from 21 countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America FSM Business Cases
  5. 5. Institutional linkages and partnership models – key to business analysis!
  6. 6. FSM Business Models • 18 FSM Business Models extracted/ developed
  7. 7. Typical Public Sector Emptying Model • Reduces indiscriminate disposal of sludge (+) • No close monitoring for regulatory compliance (+) • No modification of sanitation codes and policy (+) • Subsidy-driven (-) • Limits private sector involvement (-)
  8. 8. Typical Private Sector Emptying Model • Private sector involvement (+) • Reduced subsidies for waste collection (+) • Tipping fees a disincentive for operators (-) • Potential indiscriminate disposal of sludge (-) • Close monitoring for regulatory compliance required (-)
  9. 9. Scheduled Desludging with Sanitation Tax • Private sector involvement (+) • Reduced indiscriminate dumping (+) • Dissemination of info. on desludging schedule and presence of household at service time (-) • Broad stakeholder consultation and engagement process (-)
  10. 10. A range of possible business models which require local feasibility studies and adaptation: Non-movable UDDT installation model Residential- institutional Biogas Model
  11. 11. A range of possible business models which require local feasibility studies and adaptation: Fecal sludge- based fertilizer for revenue generation
  12. 12. BUSINESS CURRICULA Next steps: Transformation of knowledge to develop capacities and support decision making Partnerships welcome! 
  13. 13. Thank you. Miriam Otoo, PhD m.otoo@cigar.org http://www.iwmi.cgiar.org/research/rural- urban-linkages/resource-recovery/

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