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Opportunities for mainstreaming resource recovery and reuse in developing countries


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Business models for RRR

Presented by Miriam Otoo at the 2016 Stockholm World Water Week, in Stockholm, Sweden, on August 31, 2016.

Seminar: Opportunities for mainstreaming resource recovery and reuse in developing countries

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Opportunities for mainstreaming resource recovery and reuse in developing countries

  1. 1. Opportunities for mainstreaming Resource Recovery and Reuse (RRR) in developing countries Business models for RRR Miriam Otoo and Pay Drechsel 2016 World Water Week, Stockholm 31st August, 2016
  2. 2. N and P cycles have to be better managed as we reached our planetary boundaries Source:
  3. 3. • Every year, one third of the world’s food goes to waste along with the valuable nutrients it contains. • If food waste were a nation, it would rank as the third-largest greenhouse gas emitter after the US and China. • 250 km3 of water is used to produce this wasted food, equivalent to the annual water discharge of the Volga River. • The estimated value of global food waste is $1 trillion annually!
  4. 4. • RRR is one of the options to reduce the environmental burden and recover value from what is otherwise lost. • The same applies to wastewater reuse and resource recovery from fecal sludge.
  5. 5. Water for a food-secure worldWater for a food-secure world • But how do we achieve RRR at scale if we are still struggling with getting treatment plants to work? • Across the developing world, only 10% of waste water gets treated; • In India alone, more than 100 m septic tanks and pit latrines have no treatment plant to receive the fecal matter.
  6. 6. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 NumberofTreatmentPlants Region Business (e.g., hotel, airport) Hospital Military School Municipal/Township Community-level Wastewater and faecal sludge treatment plants in Ghana Operational Status How many of them work ? Source: Murray & Drechsel, 2011
  7. 7. Water for a food-secure worldWater for a food-secure world
  8. 8. Agro-industrial waste - Energy Wastewater – Water (irrigation, aquaculture) MSW, Faecal sludge - Nutrients (ag. production) Reuse is not new . . .
  9. 9. P-Recovery technologies 10 Source: Vienna University of Technology
  10. 10. 11
  11. 11. Why do we not see more of this and at scale? • Most initiatives aimed at RRR have been characterized in low-income countries by: - High dependence on subsidies; - Limited up-scaling potential. • Fundamental gaps in: - Business planning and management strategies, market knowledge; - Economic aspects and institutional linkages; • Resulting in more failures than successes.
  12. 12. Business in the RRR sector Customer Segments Customer Relationships Value Proposition Key Activities Key Resources Key Partners Cost Structure Revenue Streams Channels Social and Environmental BenefitsSocial and Environmental Costs
  13. 13. - a subprogram of the CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE) dedicated to applied research on the safe recovery of water, nutrients and energy from domestic and agro-industrial waste streams.
  14. 14. We aim to create impact through different lines of action research, including: i. developing and testing scalable RRR business models; ii. assessing and mitigating risks from RRR for public health and the environment; iii. supporting public and private entities with innovative approaches for the safe reuse of wastewater and organic waste; iv. improving rural-urban linkages and resource allocations while minimizing the negative urban footprint on the peri-urban environment.
  15. 15. Institutional linkages and partnership models based on empirical examples are key to our business analysis
  16. 16. Feasibility studies of RRR business models – 10 locations Peru Vietnam India Uganda Ghana Sri Lanka Bangladesh• City investment plans for identified business models in cities (for public and private entities, donors) and case studies for business schools.
  17. 17. Other current activities • Lead implementer of business models; • Advising international finance institutions in selecting and implementing business model; • Policy revisions towards RRR.
  18. 18. •Training workshops for existing and new entrepreneurs, e.g. from cash flow to business modeling; •MOOC on RRR business models; •Lessons feed into business school curricula; •Business incubation through strategic partnerships. From Research to Capacity building (partners welcome!)
  19. 19. • Development of DSS based on feasibility studies and analysed business models; • Action research on reuse guidelines and policy recommendations; • Compost valorization trials (from faecal sludge to a safe fertilizer for different crops and soils); • Monitoring business plan implementation; • Investment climate studies. On-going & Future Work
  20. 20. RRR Series of Applied Research
  21. 21. RRR Books
  22. 22. Thank You. This CGIAR sub-program on RRR works closely with the RUAF Foundation, the World Health Organization (WHO), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), United Nations University (UNU), and many national and international partners across the globe.