Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
New opportunities and challenges in
implementation of IWRM principles: short
overview of IWMI projects in Central Asia
Her...
WATER SCARCITY …
• There is general consensus that when people
have access to less than 1,700 cubic meters of
water per ye...
THE REASONS FOR THE EMERGENCE OF THIS
SCARCITY INCLUDE:
■ Population increase
■ Increased living standards
■ Over-exploita...
CHALLENGES IN CENTRAL ASIAN REGION
 Population growth remains high in all
countries within the region.
 Water-Energy-Foo...
CHALLENGES …
• IWMI has identified two types of water
scarcity: physical scarcity and economic
scarcity.
• physical scarci...
SCARCITY … OLD WAYS ARE NO LONGER
VALID!
• Under a business-as-usual scenario, improvements
in water productivity can be e...
INTERNATIONAL WATER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE
IWMI is a non-profit, scientific research organization with focus on the
sustaina...
Building Resilience
Water solutions to manage risk and variabity
Enabling Sustainable Growth
Inclusive & innovative water ...
IWMI’S STRATEGY 2014-2018
IWMI positions itself as a:
■ think tank driving innovative research and
ideas for solutions;
■ ...
IWMI’S ACTIVITIES IN CENTRAL ASIA
IWMI started its activities in CA in 2001 with main focus of research on:
 Introduction...
CURRENT MAIN DIRECTION OF WORK:
 Agricultural water management in rural areas:
river basin planning, improvement of Gover...
EU PROGRAMME “SUSTAINABLE MGT OF WATER
RESOURCES IN RURAL AREAS OF UZBEKISTAN”
Partnership in
Implementation:
EU: GIZ, CRE...
PEER CYCLE 4 PROJECT “IMPROVING WATER USE EFFICIENCY IN KARSHI STEPPE
Canal
Pumps
• Pumping distance is about 80 km
• Pump...
Project title: Implications of climate change, Amu
Darya river basin
Study of
hydrological behavior
Partners: NASA, Karaka...
Diagnostic Digital Atlas on Murgab Basin
Analysis and Planning / GIZ Interventions
Partners: GIZ and MAWR of Turkmenistan
ESTABLISHED PARTNERSHIP COMPARATIVE
ADVANTAGES IN CA
IARC and No-CG in
Region: ICARDA,
AVRDC, ICBA,
Bioversity, IFPRI
NARs...
WE LOOK FORWARD FOR COOPERATION!
• http://www.iwmi.cgiar.org/resources/apps/
IWMI-CENTRAL ASIA Office: E-mail: iwmi-ca@cgi...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

New opportunities and challenges in implementation of Integrated Water Resource Management principles: short overview of IWMI projects in Central Asia

149 views

Published on

Presented by Herath Manthrithilake The Central Asian International Scientific-Practical Conference: “25 years of water cooperation in Central Asia: Lessons Learnt and Future Outlook”, November 23-24, 2017, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

New opportunities and challenges in implementation of Integrated Water Resource Management principles: short overview of IWMI projects in Central Asia

  1. 1. New opportunities and challenges in implementation of IWRM principles: short overview of IWMI projects in Central Asia Herath Manthrithilake Oyture Anarbekov 25th Anniversary of ICWC Tashkent, Uzbekistan 23.11.2017
  2. 2. WATER SCARCITY … • There is general consensus that when people have access to less than 1,700 cubic meters of water per year, a considerable proportion of them will be trapped in poverty (Falkenmark et al. 1989). • The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) defines water stress as “severe” when the ratio of total water use to renewable supply exceeds 40 % (OECD 2009). • Using this measure, by 2030 nearly half the world’s population (3.9 billion people) will be living under conditions of severe water stress.
  3. 3. THE REASONS FOR THE EMERGENCE OF THIS SCARCITY INCLUDE: ■ Population increase ■ Increased living standards ■ Over-exploitation ■Water pollution ■ Ecosystem degradation ■ Adverse climate change • when combined with effects of climate change on dryland production systems, the International Food Policy Research Institute estimates that the aggregate effect of climate change is likely to be a significant reduction in total agricultural productivity.
  4. 4. CHALLENGES IN CENTRAL ASIAN REGION  Population growth remains high in all countries within the region.  Water-Energy-Food-Environment Nexus  Salinization and waterlogging of the irrigated land  Climate change - supply concerns and extreme events  Poor water use efficiencies practices  Poor water mgt & governance  Deteriorated irrigation and drainage infrastructure 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 1980 1990 2000 2007 2009 2011 Intakeperarea(m3/ha)/per capita(m3) Population/Irrigatedarea(ha) Population Irrigatedarea Water intake percapita
  5. 5. CHALLENGES … • IWMI has identified two types of water scarcity: physical scarcity and economic scarcity. • physical scarcity: the sustainable supply limit has been reached and little opportunity to construct more dams remains. • Economic scarcity: Not having enough financial resources necessary to build a new dam, improving infrastructure, etc.
  6. 6. SCARCITY … OLD WAYS ARE NO LONGER VALID! • Under a business-as-usual scenario, improvements in water productivity can be expected to close around 20 % of the gap between demand and supply. • Increases in supply (dams, desalination, increased recycling, can be expect another 20%. • The remaining 60%, must come from increased investment in infrastructure and water-policy reforms. • The average rate of improvement in water productivity and supply enhancement needs to increase at double the rate of improvement achieved in the past decade.
  7. 7. INTERNATIONAL WATER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE IWMI is a non-profit, scientific research organization with focus on the sustainable use of water and land resources in developing countries  IWMI established in 1985 with HQ in Sri Lanka  More than 150 researchers in 12 Offices  IWMI works in partnership with governments, civil society and the private sector to develop scalable agricultural water management solutions that have a real impact on livelihoods, food security and ecosystem
  8. 8. Building Resilience Water solutions to manage risk and variabity Enabling Sustainable Growth Inclusive & innovative water management in rapidly changing economies. Managing Rural – Urban linkages Water, food and waste innovations in urbanizing landscapes THREE STRATEGIC PROGRAMS Hydroinformatics DataManagement,GISandRemoteSensing&etc
  9. 9. IWMI’S STRATEGY 2014-2018 IWMI positions itself as a: ■ think tank driving innovative research and ideas for solutions; ■ provider of science-based products and tools; and ■ facilitator of learning, strengthening capacity and achieving uptake of research findings.
  10. 10. IWMI’S ACTIVITIES IN CENTRAL ASIA IWMI started its activities in CA in 2001 with main focus of research on:  Introduction of IWRM principles and Water Governance  Effective water management institutions  Identifying best practices for water savings  Improving irrigation performance  Water and energy productivity improvement and water saving technologies  GIS/Remote sensing and climate change Member of Regional Program for Sustainable Agricultural Development in Central Asia and Caucasus led by ICARDA Implemented Programs/Projects in Uzbekistan:  SDC: IWRM-FV (2001-2012)  SDC: WPI-PL (2008-2012)  ADB: Bright Spots and others  CRP Water, Land & Ecosystems  GIZ/BMZ: Improving irrigation efficiency in Potato fields  IWMI hosts GWP-CACENA  Partnership with European Universities (Humboldt University Berlin, CDE/University of Bern/IMoMo and other active networks/initiatives
  11. 11. CURRENT MAIN DIRECTION OF WORK:  Agricultural water management in rural areas: river basin planning, improvement of Governance;  Water-Energy-Food-Environment Nexus: modeling;  Climate change, water risks and disasters;  Climate smart agriculture: innovation water and energy saving technologies for improved water and land resources management;  Improved water accounting and data transmission;  Capacity building on productive water use and on QGIS/RS; Impact assessment of the interventions;
  12. 12. EU PROGRAMME “SUSTAINABLE MGT OF WATER RESOURCES IN RURAL AREAS OF UZBEKISTAN” Partnership in Implementation: EU: GIZ, CREA and UBA Regions: 6 BISAs WCAs: 3 WCAs in 3 Provinces 6 Demonstration sites Main interventions: a) 2 pilot river basins: introduce IWRM principles b) Demonstration of innovative water saving technologies in 6 provinces c) Water Cadastre d) Work-out financial-economic mechanisms for water savings
  13. 13. PEER CYCLE 4 PROJECT “IMPROVING WATER USE EFFICIENCY IN KARSHI STEPPE Canal Pumps • Pumping distance is about 80 km • Pumping altitude is about 150 m • Irrigated area is about 335,000 ha An illustration of water-energy-food nexus Partners in Implementation: USGS, UZGIP, Amu-Kashkadarya BISA, Sugd Provincial WMO, Local Experts
  14. 14. Project title: Implications of climate change, Amu Darya river basin Study of hydrological behavior Partners: NASA, Karakalpakistan branch of Water Problem Institute, Academy of Sciences Republic of Tajikistan, Balkh University Afghanistan
  15. 15. Diagnostic Digital Atlas on Murgab Basin Analysis and Planning / GIZ Interventions Partners: GIZ and MAWR of Turkmenistan
  16. 16. ESTABLISHED PARTNERSHIP COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGES IN CA IARC and No-CG in Region: ICARDA, AVRDC, ICBA, Bioversity, IFPRI NARs of CA: Scientific-Research Institutes of Irrigation and Amelioration National Agrarian as well as Irrigation/Ameliora tion Universities + foreign institutes: DKU Donor and Development Agencies: SDC, GIZ, USAID, WB, ADB, IsDB, KOICA, UN Agencies & others Ministries of Agriculture and Water Resources of 5 Countries, BISAs, ISAs West-East Research & Education Institutes: CDE, IAMO, Humboldt, NWAFU Social Enterpreneurs, Knowledge Platforms: CAREC, CACILM, WOCAT, CACARI, GWP- CACENA Private Sector/Technology Partners: IMOMO, Hydrosolutions, Photrack, SEBA IWMI with its Partners EC-IFAS (International Fund for Saving Aral Sea Water Users, WUAs, AgCoop, Rural Extension
  17. 17. WE LOOK FORWARD FOR COOPERATION! • http://www.iwmi.cgiar.org/resources/apps/ IWMI-CENTRAL ASIA Office: E-mail: iwmi-ca@cgiar.org

×