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Mapping complex decision making
in critical geographies – Identifying
approaches and establishing
partnerships in the Indu...
I. Background
• SAWGP supporting work on Indus Basin
– Informing Change in the Indus Basin
• Six components: Knowledge (1)...
II. Upper Indus Decision-Making
Environments: What are the
fragilities and what options are
there to tackle them?
Source: http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/basins/indus/indus-map_detailed.pdf
Key challenges driving ‘fragilities’
• Natural-systemic
– Relationship between ‘reservoirs’ (upstream/downstream)
– Nature...
Uncertainty Certainty
Upstream
Downstream
Rising
demand in
agriculture
Future flow
regime
control
structures
Changing
glac...
Critical questions to pose
• What is the significance of climate change as a cause of variability and
uncertainty in basin...
III. The objectives of this meeting
• To build an analytical model that overlays
multiple data sets and provides a useful ...
Tentative timeline
• Jan-Mar: Start up preparation of preliminary
data and mapping package
• Apr-Sep: Develop prototype to...
What kind of decision support?
• Enabling shared understanding with
transparency of design that enables
stakeholder engage...
Challenges
• Data availability, quality and consistency
• Volume of data now potentially available (how
to manage in a cos...
Examples of DSS
• RIBASIM http://www.wldelft.nl/soft/ribasim/int/index.html
• WEAP http://www.weap21.org/
• MIKE BASIN htt...
The Nile DSS
The Mekong
IV. Working Group Questions
Breakouts:
• Four working groups (‘1,2,3,4’) each tackle four core
questions (need to ensure g...
Mapping complex decision making in critical geographies – Identifying approaches and establishing partnerships in the Indu...
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Mapping complex decision making in critical geographies – Identifying approaches and establishing partnerships in the Indus Basin

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Presented by IWMI's Alan Nicol at a pre-conference workshop (part of the "International Conference on Climate and Environment Change Impact on the Indus Basin Waters") in Kathmandu, Nepal, on February 16, 2016

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Mapping complex decision making in critical geographies – Identifying approaches and establishing partnerships in the Indus Basin

  1. 1. Mapping complex decision making in critical geographies – Identifying approaches and establishing partnerships in the Indus Basin Kathmandu Workshop 16th February 2016 ICIMOD HQ
  2. 2. I. Background • SAWGP supporting work on Indus Basin – Informing Change in the Indus Basin • Six components: Knowledge (1), Analysis (2) and Dialogue (3) – Purpose of this meeting is to support development of component 2a on ‘Mapping Complex Decision Making in Critical Geographies’ • Your input to the process, engagement in a partnership of individuals and institutions to help design and deliver • Addressing a key question: How to strengthen decision making and build a more inclusive decision support environment using GIS in the Upper Indus Basin?
  3. 3. II. Upper Indus Decision-Making Environments: What are the fragilities and what options are there to tackle them?
  4. 4. Source: http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/basins/indus/indus-map_detailed.pdf
  5. 5. Key challenges driving ‘fragilities’ • Natural-systemic – Relationship between ‘reservoirs’ (upstream/downstream) – Nature of variability and uncertainty – including changing land use and climate change shifting seasonal timing/shuffling geographical distribution of supplies • Complex change to glaciers as natural storage reservoirs, providing perennial supplies • Human-systemic – Demand on resources for hydropower development – ‘Dependence’ on water (c.300 million…but key differences between) Knowledge gaps and lack of consolidation – sub-optimal decisions – Challenge of becoming a ‘closed’ basin (implications for ecosystems) – Need for better connection between upstream assessments (supply) and downstream demand, including ag production (93% of withdrawals) – Fragmented institutions and decision making, contested geographies – No basin-wide institution
  6. 6. Uncertainty Certainty Upstream Downstream Rising demand in agriculture Future flow regime control structures Changing glacier / snowmelt Knowledge Gaps Knowledge Gaps Population growth Water quality issues Institutional fragment.
  7. 7. Critical questions to pose • What is the significance of climate change as a cause of variability and uncertainty in basin flow dynamics and what are future changes likely to being in 5, 10, 20, 50 years? • How far are future changes likely to be outside recent extremes? What is the order of magnitude of populations at risk? How will the frequency and magnitude of extreme events such as floods and droughts in the Indus Basin change in the future? • How will future water demand and availability and access scenarios in the Indus Basin change as a result of climatic and socioeconomic shifts? • What information related to glaciers/snowmelt (that we don’t already have) is critical for the improvement of understanding of water resource dynamics in the Indus Basin? • How can we make future responses to challenges more sensitive to local needs and be more equitable (including aspects of gender equality)? • What low/no regrets options are there for adaptation to future scenarios in the Indus Basin?
  8. 8. III. The objectives of this meeting • To build an analytical model that overlays multiple data sets and provides a useful decision support function at different scales • To establish a partnership with ICIMOD and other institutions to take forward its development • (This meeting) – A design protocol (what is it that we are trying to do and how) – Partners and timeline (at least until end 2017…) – Outputs and working arrangements (key milestones)
  9. 9. Tentative timeline • Jan-Mar: Start up preparation of preliminary data and mapping package • Apr-Sep: Develop prototype tool • Oct-Dec: Engage with important stakeholders • 2017: – (early) pilot tool within decision making environments at different scales – Build feedback loops for refining and adjusting
  10. 10. What kind of decision support? • Enabling shared understanding with transparency of design that enables stakeholder engagement • Seeking optimal solutions to management, • What level of sophistication: – ‘…a framework linking a database and processing environment, knowledge and information system, modeling and analysis framework, socio-economic framework and a communication framework’ (GWP, 2013)
  11. 11. Challenges • Data availability, quality and consistency • Volume of data now potentially available (how to manage in a cost-effective manner / vfm) • Building a robust user interface (who are they?) • Scale and breadth versus granularity and depth (balance) • Data permissions and sharing
  12. 12. Examples of DSS • RIBASIM http://www.wldelft.nl/soft/ribasim/int/index.html • WEAP http://www.weap21.org/ • MIKE BASIN http://www.dhisoftware.com/mikebasin/Description/ • MODSIM http://modsim.engr.colostate.edu/ • WBalMo http://www.wasy.de/english/produkte/wbalmo/index.html • Decision Support Framework (DSF) for the Lower Mekong Basin • Nile Basin DSS • DSS including hydro-economic modeling for the Euphrates-Tigris region • Zambezi River Basin • Multi-Sector Investment Opportunities Analysis (MSIOA), a DSS including hydro-economic modeling in the Rio Grande basin • Okavango River Basin Decision Support System
  13. 13. The Nile DSS
  14. 14. The Mekong
  15. 15. IV. Working Group Questions Breakouts: • Four working groups (‘1,2,3,4’) each tackle four core questions (need to ensure group balance) 1. What are the ‘hotspot challenges’ the GIS tool should respond to (define 4-5 critical issues in the UIB) 2. Who would be the potential user groups? 3. What functionality would make the tool practical and useful? 4. What should be key next steps in development? • Report back with short PowerPoint slides (one per question/set of answers)

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