Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Managing water variability: multiple dimensions


Published on

A changing climate will lead to greater variability in water supply. The response needs to be multi-sectoral, encompassing social, financial and engineering innovation.

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Managing water variability: multiple dimensions

  1. 1. Managing water variability: multiple dimensions Jeremy Bird International Water Management Institute Photo: Fraser Sugden Led by:
  2. 2. Consumers: poor affected most by food price fluctuations Photo: ILRI
  3. 3. 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 40000 45000 Irrigatedareain1000ha Canal irrigated area Tank irrigated area Groundwater irrigated area Canal Tanks The water resource: pressure on groundwater will continue Source: Mukherji et al. 2013.
  4. 4. Understanding the underlying problems facing marginalized groups in farming systems is essential for addressing climate variability, e.g. • pressures to seek employment outside of agriculture • insecurity of land tenure • lack of access to credit, pumps • poor service provision • …. Marginalized groups: concerned about more than climate variability Photo: Fraser Sugden Sugden, F.; Maskey, N.; Clement, F.; Ramesh, V.; Philip, A.; Rai, A. Agrarian stress and climate change in the Eastern Gangetic Plains: Gendered vulnerability in a stratified social formation.
  5. 5. Farmer adaptation: e.g. flood-tolerant rice • 4 m tons of rice lost to floods in India and Bangladesh, annually • ‘Scuba’ rice resilient to complete submergence up to 17 days Source and Photo: IRRI
  6. 6. Rural development agencies: Linking knowledge to action in climate-smart villages
  7. 7. Irrigation system manager: new potential to increase water productivity by identifying high performers Doukalla Irrigation Scheme, Morocco
  8. 8. Private sector response: Increasingly looking to reduce water footprint Coffee in Viet Nam - 3% of GDP; employs around 2 million people • Water scarcity is a significant threat • Agronomic research showed benefit of ‘water stress’ and strategic timing of irrigation to boost yield • Savings on water and production costs Photo Credit: Creative Commons, Wikimedia
  9. 9. 2001 2012 2014 Insurance industry: looking for an objective indicator
  10. 10. Urban planner / manager: What type and level of protection is appropriate?
  11. 11. Source: McCartney and Smakhtin 2010 Planning agencies: Consider the full range of storage options
  12. 12. Water resources planner: rethinking storage Underground ‘taming’ of floods for irrigation (UTFI) Source: Pavelic 2012
  13. 13. 0.2 2.2 4.2 6.2 8.2 10.2 12.2 14.2 16.2 18.2 Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Natural flows Environmental flow requirement Environmental services: Maintaining natural variability Crops Hydropower Industrial Regulation of water balance Erosion control Climate regulationSoil formation Nutrient cycling Recreation Multifunctional “green” basin
  14. 14. Source: MRC Transboundary manager: How is variability reflected in agreements?  Percentage allocation  Adaptation – ‘buffer’ storage  Communication and consultation  Cross-sector trade-offs Adapted from Drieschcova, Giodarno, Fischhendler, 2008
  15. 15.