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IWMI’s New 2019-2023 Strategy and Implications for the Nepal Program


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Presentation by IWMI's Director General Claudia Sadoff at Digo Dijo Jal Bikas Project workshop in Kathmandu, Nepal, March 13, 2019.

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IWMI’s New 2019-2023 Strategy and Implications for the Nepal Program

  1. 1. A water-secure world IWMI’s New 2019-2023 Strategy & Implications for the Nepal Program Dr Claudia Sadoff Director General InternationalWater Management Institute Dijo Jal Bikas (DJB) Workshop Kathmandu, Nepal 13 March 2019
  2. 2. A water-secure world Our history • 1984: Established in Sri Lanka as the International Irrigation Management Institute (IIMI) • 1991: Joined CGIAR • 1998: Broadened mandate: became the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) • 2012: Awarded Stockholm Water Prize • 2013: Selected to lead CGIAR Research Program Water, Land and Ecosystems The InternationalWater Management Institute (IWMI) is a non-profit, scientific research organization focusing on the sustainable use of water resources in developing countries
  3. 3. A water-secure world Food To improve food security, while sustainably managing water resources & conserving ecosystems Climate To adapt and mitigate climate change, while building resilience to disruption Growth To reduce poverty and advance inclusion and equality, as agriculture transforms, energy transitions and urbanization intensifies Our vision is a water-secure world Our mission is to find water solutions for sustainable development
  4. 4. A water-secure world Country Representatives Water, Food & Ecosystems Water, Climate & Resilience Water Growth & Inclusion New management structure
  5. 5. A water-secure world Nepal: Development context Water resources remain particularly underdeveloped • ~7% of total available water is managed for economic & social purposes (WECS 2005) • ~1.6% of economically feasible hydropower potential has been harnessed (WECS 2010) • Only 24% of arable land is irrigated Water is a key resource for food security and nutrition • 66% of population in subsistence agriculture, contributing 33% of GDP • 2.7 million smallholders produce 70% of national food supplies • 41% of children under 5 suffer chronic malnutrition
  6. 6. A water-secure world Urbanization and migration • In 2018, 60% of the population migrated from rural to urban areas compared to12% in 1998 (NPC 2019) • 5 million Nepalis are in foreign countries (~6% of them female) • 29% of GDP from remittances • 40% of agricultural land in fallow (ongoing FAO study) Nepal: Development context Productive use of remittances for water- and land-based small enterprises can support economic empowerment of women and returnee migrants in cities and peri-urban areas
  7. 7. A water-secure world Climate & environmental risks • Climate change will increase the frequency and severity of drought, flood, landslides, • Even if average global warming is 1.5˚C, temperatures will be even higher in Nepal: – +0.3˚C higher in Hindu Kush Himalayas (ICIMOD 2019) – +1.2˚C higher in the mountains, +0.7˚C in the hills and +0.4˚C in the Terai of Western Nepal (IWMI 2019) • 13% of the Churia hills region has over 60% of the country’s population and is highly sensitive to disasters Global target 1.5˚C Nepal: Development context
  8. 8. A water-secure world Federalism offers an opportunity to address water development challenges • Over 36,000 people (>30% women) represented in three tiers of government • Hope for gender transformative change: 41% women (20% from highly marginalized groups), and 92% deputy mayors are women National vision and priorities • Sustainable development underpins national vision: “Prosperous Nepal and Happy Nepali” • Target: – 2022: Least developed to developing country – 2030: middle income country thru SDGs • 15th 5-Year Development Plan: water, agriculture, forest are key productive sectors Nepal: Opportunities for change Research and evidence to support local, state and federal governments for evidence-based decision making; gender equality and social inclusion are essential Building capacity of the three tiers of government solutions for sustainable water and land management are essential to achieve prosperity
  9. 9. A water-secure world IWMI Strategic Programs of research-for-development: 2019-2023 1. Water, Food & Ecosystems  Agricultural water management & sustainable intensification  Restoration and productive use of water & land (nexus/landscape)  Nature-based solutions & Ecosystem services 2. Water, Climate Change & Resilience  Inclusive, climate-resilient development planning  Drought and flood monitoring, forecasting, insurance  Climate and migration 3. Water, Growth & Inclusion  Knowledge hub for federalism, NRM & transboundary waters  Urban, WASH and resource recycling & recycling  Gender, equity & inclusion in water governance (surface & groundwater) IWMI’s strategy in the context of Nepal
  10. 10. A water-secure world o Linking Scientific Knowledge and Solutions • Expanded collaboration and partnerships with implementing agencies • Communications strategy with a focus on language inclusion and GESI • Policy dialogues and capacity strengthening for local and state governments o Collaboration with three tiers of government • Scoping study to assess needs of local and state governments in water • Develop joint programs addressing their priorities, ie management & info • Uptake of research findings and tools for policy, planning and practice o Change management in IWMI-Nepal federalism as an opportunity • Empowering country offices to help strengthen government capacities • Aligning and operationalizing IWMI’s new strategy in Nepal • Working under the guidance of the Government-led Consultative Committee o Expanding IWMI’s partnership landscape Working approaches for IWMI-Nepal
  11. 11. A water-secure world Thank you! IWMI is a CGIAR center focused on research for development. CGIAR is a global research partnership for a food-secure future. Its work is carried out by 15 research centers in collaboration with hundreds of partners across the globe. Thank you
  12. 12. A water-secure world Political: Federalism an opportunity  Constitutional provisions o Water, land and natural resource management and use : 120 times o Article 51, sub-clauses (g) development policy: “….investment in scientific studies and research…” (h) policy related to natural resource management: “…. fair distribution of benefits generated by natural resource by giving local people the priority and preferential rights. o Article 59 (4): NRM benefits to local communities o Article 232. Intergovernmental relations on the principle cooperation, co- existence and coordin+ation o Schedule, 5-9: water resource (concurrent and exclusive rights) Incredible opportunities for water based development and GESI outcomes  Key issues emerged in Nepal o Limited understanding on NRM issues o Water diplomacy: inter-governmental and inter-sectoral cooperation
  13. 13. A water-secure world Legal Framework on Water Based Development • Water Resource Strategy, 2000 • Water Resource Plan 2005 • National Adaptation Plan of Action (NAPA 2011) • Climate Bill (in parliament) • Irrigation Policy, 2013 • Agriculture Development Strategy, 2015-2035 • Water in Disaster Management Policy, 2015 • Water Resource Policy, 2018 (draft) • Constitution of Nepal, 2015 • Rural Water Supply and Sanitation National Strategy and Policy, 2004 • Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector Development Plan (2016-2030) • Irrigation Master Plan 2019, DoRI (updating the 1990 Master Plan) • 15th Fiver-Year Development Plan : water, agriculture and tourism as productive sector • River Basin Planning, Water and Energy Commission Secretariat
  14. 14. A water-secure world Challenges for Implementation of the Legal Frameworks & the Federalism • Need for improving institutional development of three tiers governments and water institutions in the federal context • Capacity development of elected representatives: Local, state and federal on inclusive and integrated land and water resource planning, implementation and revenue sharing • Limited interdisciplinary research for development in the water sector • Siloed approach in the water sector: inter and intra-sectoral coordination and learning • Practicing GESI in the NRM (water, irrigation, agriculture, climate) sector, as the structures, functions and actions are unable to engage men and youth as a champion of GESI transformative change.