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IWMI in Nepal

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Presented by IWMI's Luna Bharati, Senior Researcher-Hydrology Water Resources, at a high level policy dialog held in Kathmandu, Nepal, on April 27, 2016.

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IWMI in Nepal

  1. 1. Photo:TomvanCakenberghe/IWMI www.iwmi.org A water-secure world IWMI Nepal April, 2016 Luna Bharati
  2. 2. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world • Basin/National/Regional Level Projects • Water Resources –Availability Use and Development • Impact of Climate Change, Vulnerability and Adaptation Strategies • Basin Water Development, Sustainability and Tradeoffs • Governance and Institutions and Policies • Watershed/Farm Level Projects • Supply: Understanding Watershed Surface and Groundwater Hydrology • Demand: Distribution and Water Use • Management Aspects: Collective Action • Understanding Socio-economic Access/ Constraints (Gender, Ethnicity, Class, Caste) IWMI-Nepal
  3. 3. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Research Highlights: Koshi Basin Project (2010-2015) • Koshi Basin (87,311 km2): Transboundary basin China/Tibet (28,300 km2) : 5 districts Nepal (39,407 km2): 27 districts India (19,604 km2): 11 districts • Funding: Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change and Food Security (CCAFS), International Center for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), CGIAR Program for WATER Land and Ecosystems (WLE), World Bank (WB)
  4. 4. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Koshi Water Balance (1998-2008)
  5. 5. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world CC Analysis
  6. 6. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Total water storage potential is 8382 MCM Water demand under Baseline scenario Demands and Flow Winter Pre- monsoon Monsoon Post- monsoon Annual Baseline Flow (m3 /s) 39 166 699 144 262 Domestic demand (MCM) 386 395 524 262 1566 (6 %) Agricultural demand (MCM) 1890 6608 13489 2009 23996 (92 %) Industrial demand (MCM) 105 107 142 71 424 (2 %) Demand (MCM) 2380 7110 14154 2342 25986 Unmet demand (MCM) 273 370 0 17 660
  7. 7. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Total annual volume of water flowing into India = 57405 MCM Total annual volume of water flowing into India = 55138 MCM Base Case : Year 2000 Case 1: Irrigated area = Irrigable area Case 2: Hydropower generation + E-flows (B) Total annual volume of water flowing into India = 56837 MCM
  8. 8. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world 8 Perceived impacts In Koshi basin floodplains, flooding as main problem In Koshi basin, drought as a problem
  9. 9. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world 9 Adaptation Practices and Constraints •Limited number of structural and non-structural adaptation measures in practice •Several factors constrain adaption practices: •Financial, •Technical knowledge, •Lack of awareness, •Lack of collective action, •Property rights, and •Ineffective role of state agencies
  10. 10. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world NEP- BCRWME : Building Climate Resilience of Watersheds in Mountain Eco-Regions, Nepal ce of Watersheds in Mountain Eco-Regions, Nepal Building Climate Resilience of Watersheds in Mountain Eco-Regions, Nepal Purpose: • Identify and prioritize sub-basins/watersheds in the mid- hills and mountains of Nepal that are significantly vulnerable to Climate Change (CC) • Understand the hydro-geological system of small upland watersheds • Assess the impact of watershed management interventions in increasing the reliability and availability of water from spring sources under changing climate conditions • Advise and provide recommendations to the government and other INGOs and donors on designing watershed interventions esp. focused on spring-shed management Funding: NDF/ADB
  11. 11. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Combined/Multiple adaptation capability map Combined risk/exposure map Combined/multiple sensitivity map Combined sensitivity index (0.3) Combined risk exposure index (0.3) Combined adaptation capability index (0.4) Combined/multiple vulnerability index
  12. 12. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world BCRWME Phase 1:Combined/multiple vulnerability map of watersheds in Middle and High Mountain regions Combined sensitivity index (0.3) Combined risk exposure index (0.3) Combined adaptation capability index (0.4) Combined/multiple vulnerability index
  13. 13. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Current Project: SUSTAINABLE, JUST AND PRODUCTIVE WATER RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT IN WESTERN NEPAL UNDER CURRENT AND FUTURE CONDITIONS Scope: • Assess sustainable water resources development in Western Nepal through balancing economic growth, social justice and healthy, resilient ecosystems (Water Security). • Research and assessments will be conducted using a two tiered approach i.e. at the basin/regional level and at local level. • Funding: USAID
  14. 14. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Thank you

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