Economics, ethics and politics of groundwater

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Economics, ethics and politics of groundwater. Water Ethics. Dr. Aditi Mukherji, International Water Management Institute (IWMI) 5th World Water Forum, Istanbul, 20th March 2009

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  • Economics, ethics and politics of groundwater

    1. 1. Economics, ethics and politics of groundwater Dr. Aditi Mukherji IWMI 5 th World Water Forum, Istanbul 20 th March 2009 Water Ethics
    2. 2. The Big Picture *GW: Groundwater Source: Government of India data, 1950-2000 Rapid rise in GW* irrigation Private ownership On demand irrigation Timeliness Adequacy Flexibility
    3. 3. Rising contribution of groundwater Source : Deb Roy, A., and T. Shah, 2003. 'Socio-Ecology of Groundwater Irrigation in India' . In Llamas, R and E. Custodio (eds.): Intensive Use of Groundwater: Challenges and Opportunities. Swets and Zetlinger Publishing Co., the Netherlands, pp: 307-335. 1970-73 1990-93 BUT, depletion, scarcity and over-exploitation have emerged as serious problems
    4. 4. The Problem Statement Are depletion and scarcity the only reality? Are there pockets of under-utilization? Can GW alleviate poverty in these regions? Source: Central Groundwater Board (CGWB), 2004 Eastern Indo-Gangetic basin has huge GW potential
    5. 5. Source: Figure created by Aditi Mukherji, 2009 using data from Government of India sources. Concentrated Rural poverty
    6. 6. Source: Aditi Mukherji (author) And dieselised GW economy “ The energy squeeze” Leading to economic scarcity of GW in a land of abundance
    7. 7. If the solution exists, why not implement? The political ecology perspective GW policies Agrarian politics GW resources
    8. 8. Related Publications <ul><li>Mukherji, A.2009. Economics, ethics and politics of groundwater : evidence from West Bengal, India. In Llamas, M. R.; Martinez-Cortina, L.; Mukherji, Aditi. (Eds.). Water ethics: Marcelino Botin Water Forum 2007. Leiden, Netherlands: CRC Press. pp.205-226. </li></ul><ul><li>Mukherji, A. 2007. Economics, ethics and politics of groundwater : Evidence from West Bengal, India. Paper presented at 3rd Marcelino Botin Foundation Water Workshop, Santander, Spain, 12-14 June 2007. 27p. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Thank You For more information visit : http://www.iwmi.cgiar.org/Publications/Book_Chapters/index.aspx#

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