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A New World for Water Resources Information

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Presented by IWMI's Ian Makin during a keynote speech at the Central Asia Water Future Forum and Expo held on September 19-23, 2016 at Rixos Hotel in Almaty, Kazakhstan.

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A New World for Water Resources Information

  1. 1. A New World for Water Resources Information Ian W Makin & Herath Manthrithilake International Water Management Institute Colombo, Sri Lanka
  2. 2. Knowledge is evermore important in the water sector! •In many countries, there is a huge quantity of water data •But too often data is: •not collated, •not analysed and •not accessible or shared
  3. 3. Knowledge is evermore important in the water sector! • Knowledge is based on information • Information is built from data
  4. 4. Data collection continually evolving Manual to Automatic
  5. 5. Data analysis continues to evolve!
  6. 6. ADVANCES IN TECHNOLOGY • Communication technology allow data to be transmitted from remote areas cost effectively • Cloud computing enables data storage, processing and dissemination on remote servers - maintained by a third party with high availability and secure back-up.
  7. 7. • Novel and timely data collection • Automatic Transmission • Real-time Processing • Storage and access easy • Timely dissemination Crowd sourcing & Cloud computing
  8. 8. • Water levels monitored continuously 24/7 • Recorded every hour 24/7 • Data transmitted every 12 hours every day (24/365) from SE Punjab, Pakistan to cloud servers. • Level and computed flows available in SE Punjab – instantly • Data transmission cost USD5 per month ! Self-powered, on-duty, no-bias, and reliable
  9. 9. Knowledge is evermore important in the water sector! •Must develop national and local capacities and tools for • data collection, • analysis and • dissemination •to better inform policy making and to empower user communities and citizens
  10. 10. Multiple Aims and Benefits •Facilitate public participation in decision making processes •Efficient and timely operations and maintenance decisions •Check compliance with policies •Enables new applications and analysis Source: Synthesis and Recommendation, Side Event 5th World Water Forum – Session 6.4.1 http://unstats.un.org/unsd/envaccounting/workshops/wwf2009/sideEvent.ppt
  11. 11. Access can be regulated Completely Open Anyone can access metadata and download files Public with Approval Anyone can access metadata but need agree to license or terms of use to download data Data Restricted All users can access metadata, but files are only available to approved users Data Private Only selected people or organizations can access metadata and files.
  12. 12. Numerous data sharing platforms in use •World Bank (Spatial Agent etc.) •FAO - Aquastat •Google platforms (Google Earth, etc.) •WRI – Water Data •UN Water Data •IWMI – data portal
  13. 13. IWMI’s Data Sharing platforms • Water Data Portal (WDP) http://waterdata.iwmi.org • Water Information System for Sri Lanka (WISSL) http://wissl.iwmi.org • Water Information System for Data Management of Myanmar (WISDM) http://myanmar-preview.iwmi.org/ • Indus Basin Knowledge Platform (IBKP) http://www.indusbasin.org
  14. 14. Knowledge is evermore important in the water sector! Main barriers to making knowledge available include: • Lack of legal frameworks for reporting/sharing water data • Lack of resources (human, technical and financial) • Lack of capacities (reskilling required)
  15. 15. Take away messages • Are formal rules on data sharing for regulation and enforcement essential or are there incentives for voluntary use of shared information systems? • How to ensure effective and efficient coordination between the various information systems at the national, regional and global scales that will create synergies and avoid duplications? Source: Synthesis and Recommendation, Side Event 5th World Water Forum – Session 6.4.1 http://unstats.un.org/unsd/envaccounting/workshops/wwf2009/sideEvent.ppt
  16. 16. Take away messages • Need to distinguish data, indicators and knowledge: how to make best use of the data we collect? • How can agencies secure adequate funding for long-term sustainable monitoring networks, analysis and dissemination? Source: Synthesis and Recommendation, Side Event 5th World Water Forum – Session 6.4.1 http://unstats.un.org/unsd/envaccounting/workshops/wwf2009/sideEvent.ppt
  17. 17. A New World for Water Resources Information Ian W Makin and Herath Manthrithilake International Water Management Institute Visit: www.iwmi.org

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