WANI – Results & Resilience                     Dr Mark Smith                                 Head                IUCN Wat...
Dimensions of Crisis• 1 bn people lack safe drinking water• 1.2 bn people live where water use not sustainable• 3.5 bn in ...
How do we make sure there is enough water for nature –and why? INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
Why?                                                 Income                                                 Nutrition     ...
Finding solutions• All people, all species, all branches of the  economy use water every day    – water is a systems probl...
Vision for Water & Nature (2000)Call to Action• Environmental Security is guaranteed… based on  integrated management of a...
What is WANI?“mainstreaming of an ecosystem approach into water management”What’s an ecosystem approach?• maintain ecosyst...
IUCN Water & Nature InitiativeNetworked regional collaboration:● HQ, SUR, ORMA, PACO, ESARO, ROWA, ARO, OROPhase 1: 2001-2...
Components & Portfolio• Learning by doing• WANI demonstration logic: action, capacity  development, policy justification• ...
What are the Results? (2001 – 2008)New national water      Multi-stakeholder           Basin-level water        Partnershi...
Komadugu Yobe/Lake Chad• drought – 1979s & 1980s• population 23m, growing at 2.5%• flow declined 35% since 1960s• failed d...
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zsK4CZeWw2s
Action• Information: water audit• Consensus building: catchment  management plan• Governance: water charter• Results : pil...
KYB – A Way Forward• dire situation forced action• (breaking) the cycle of degradation and  poverty required:     – sharin...
What has WANI taught us?        Implementing IWRM in the Real World        ● new access to information        ● social lea...
Making sense of the Ecosystem Approach1. What is the problem?2. What ecosystem services are needed to solve the problem?3....
Why an Ecosystems Approach for Water?• Benefits for people and nature   – integrates environment in decision making   – st...
Water, ecosystems & resilience• What is resilience?   – capacity to withstand shocks and rebuild when necessary• Highly ad...
Resilience shift: Tacanà, Guatemala• deforested watersheds• degraded farming systems• social upheaval• downstream disaster...
Resilience in practice                               • economy                                                            ...
Water Futures: Climate Change                                                 • Water at the centre of climate change     ...
Key Messages  • Water & nature: solving nature’s water problems means sorting out    people’s  • IWRM      – implement thr...
More information                               www.iucn.org/waterINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
WANI-2: Scaling Up        GOAL        Mainstreaming of ecosystem services into water management, planning        & policie...
WANI-2 Portfolio DevelopmentINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
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IUCN Water and Nature Initiative: Results and Resilience

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  • Water for nature means dealing with people’s needs; meeting people’s needs meand water for nature: water as a system
  • intro: climate resilience is key… but what is this in practice… and why are ecosystems then a concern… and how does EbA fit into the story in terms of making sense of how we plan and execute adaptation … and what therefore do we need to make priorities in policy, to bring this about - and practice to drive and give energy to implementation?
  • Tacana: before and afteremphasising diversification, livelihoods, self organisation
  • For adaptation that works with uncertainty, we need resilience. Ecosystems and EbA alone will not deliver this alone… but ecosystem services and natural infrastructure are part a framework that for building climate resilienec in practiceresilience framework - what you do and how you do it: marrying technology and social needs
  • IUCN Water and Nature Initiative: Results and Resilience

    1. 1. WANI – Results & Resilience Dr Mark Smith Head IUCN Water Programme Gland, Switzerland
    2. 2. Dimensions of Crisis• 1 bn people lack safe drinking water• 1.2 bn people live where water use not sustainable• 3.5 bn in water-stressed regions by 2025• 70% of water use for agriculture• water consumption 6x higher in USA than China:• Demand is rising globally• Lakes shrinking, aquifers mined, rivers not reaching the sea INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    3. 3. How do we make sure there is enough water for nature –and why? INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    4. 4. Why? Income Nutrition Health Livelihoods Water supply Disaster risk mgt Jobs Economic growthINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    5. 5. Finding solutions• All people, all species, all branches of the economy use water every day – water is a systems problem – impacts are networked• Water for nature means solving people’s problems – IWRM – eg. environmental flows INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    6. 6. Vision for Water & Nature (2000)Call to Action• Environmental Security is guaranteed… based on integrated management of all land and water use through an ecosystem approach• Social Security is strengthened by providing everyone with equitable access and responsibility for safe… water resources to meet their needs• Economic Security… is achieved without compromising … the integrity of freshwater and related ecosystemsINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    7. 7. What is WANI?“mainstreaming of an ecosystem approach into water management”What’s an ecosystem approach?• maintain ecosystem functions and services• enhance equitable sharing of benefits• promote adaptive strategies• implement management actions through decentralisation• foster intersectoral / inter-disciplinary cooperationINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    8. 8. IUCN Water & Nature InitiativeNetworked regional collaboration:● HQ, SUR, ORMA, PACO, ESARO, ROWA, ARO, OROPhase 1: 2001-2008● 12 river basins● 30 projects in 25+ countries● 200+ members and partners● Leverage initiative, total budget: $40m+Phase 2: 2009-2012INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    9. 9. Components & Portfolio• Learning by doing• WANI demonstration logic: action, capacity development, policy justification• Components – river basin demonstrations – governance – economics – equity and empowerment – knowledge and information – communication and learningINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    10. 10. What are the Results? (2001 – 2008)New national water Multi-stakeholder Basin-level water Partnerships for New transboundarypolicies platforms empowered forums sustainable water agreementsNew income generation New assets for Reduced vulnerability to Toolkits drive Major basin financingfor poor people sustainable livelihoods climate risks innovation mobilised
    11. 11. Komadugu Yobe/Lake Chad• drought – 1979s & 1980s• population 23m, growing at 2.5%• flow declined 35% since 1960s• failed dam & irrigation projects• devastation of agriculture, fisheries• siltation and infestation• rising conflict• institutional paralysis• deeper poverty, increasing vulnerability
    12. 12. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zsK4CZeWw2s
    13. 13. Action• Information: water audit• Consensus building: catchment management plan• Governance: water charter• Results : pilot restoration – flows and fish habitat – conflicts resolved – livelihood prospects• Finance: $125m Trust Fund• Scaling: Nigeria IWRM Commission
    14. 14. KYB – A Way Forward• dire situation forced action• (breaking) the cycle of degradation and poverty required: – sharing knowledge – governance reform to build trust, cooperation and empowerment – visible impacts – political engagement – mobilising finance – local, regional and national reach
    15. 15. What has WANI taught us? Implementing IWRM in the Real World ● new access to information ● social learning ● short-term tangible benefits ● new coalitions ● decentralisation of decision making ● governance coordination across scales IUCN Water & Nature Initiative ● leadership
    16. 16. Making sense of the Ecosystem Approach1. What is the problem?2. What ecosystem services are needed to solve the problem?3. What actions are needed?4. What governance is needed to enable action?5. Who needs to be empowered to act?6. What incentives and financing are needed?7. What knowledge and capacities are needed?INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    17. 17. Why an Ecosystems Approach for Water?• Benefits for people and nature – integrates environment in decision making – strengthens investment in ecosystems – strengthens social inclusion – catalyses good governance• Catalysing systems change – Learning by doing - not waiting for the perfect plan – Making the complex management in practice• Building resilienceINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    18. 18. Water, ecosystems & resilience• What is resilience? – capacity to withstand shocks and rebuild when necessary• Highly adaptive systems of people, economy and nature•INTERNATIONAL UNION FORtaught us about resilience in practice? What has WANI CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    19. 19. Resilience shift: Tacanà, Guatemala• deforested watersheds• degraded farming systems• social upheaval• downstream disaster• weak coordination • landscape restoration & diversification • social entrepreneurship • local coordination of priorities • municipal – provincial liaison • disaster planningINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    20. 20. Resilience in practice • economy • Tacana 1. Diversity • livelihoods • Attapeu • nature & services 2. Sustainable • engineering responses • natural infrastructure • Pangani Infrastructure & • KYB / L Chad Technologies • sustainable & adaptable mgt • participatory governance • Volta 3. Self-Organisation • empowerment • Mekong • adaptive institutions • knowledge & skills • Okavango 4. Learning • climate information • BASIM • new adaptive strategiesINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    21. 21. Water Futures: Climate Change • Water at the centre of climate change • Parallels IWRM • systems change problem • unknowns & uncertainties • technocratic, planning focus • Make the complex manageable • implement ‘resilience in practice’ • learn by doingINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    22. 22. Key Messages • Water & nature: solving nature’s water problems means sorting out people’s • IWRM – implement through learning by doing – an ecosystem approach has benefits for people and nature – makes the complex manageable in practice • Resilience in practice – climate change adaptationINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    23. 23. More information www.iucn.org/waterINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    24. 24. WANI-2: Scaling Up GOAL Mainstreaming of ecosystem services into water management, planning & policies, to support sustainable use of water resources for poverty reduction, economic growth & protection of the environment 1. Ecosystem services & water security 2. Good governance & stakeholder participation 3. Economic development & sustainable financing 4. Leadership & learningINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    25. 25. WANI-2 Portfolio DevelopmentINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

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