Power-to-Gas Storing Renewable Energy in the Gas Grid

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Energy storage provision has started to become a mandatory requirement in areas of the world, it is recognised as essential prerequisite for renewable energy deployment

Grid balancing and rapid response demand-side services are crucial for the integration of high proportions of renewable energy supply on the electricity grid.

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Power-to-Gas Storing Renewable Energy in the Gas Grid

  1. 1. POWER-TO-GAS: STORING RENEWABLE ENERGY IN THE GAS GRID 31ST MARCH 2014 | THE ROYAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING
  2. 2. POWER-TO-GAS: STORING RENEWABLE ENERGY IN THE GAS GRID 31ST MARCH 2014 | THE ROYAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING Contents: • Introduction to ITM Power • The Need for Energy Storage • Power-to-Gas Energy Storage • Thüga P2G Energy Storage Project • Summary
  3. 3. ITM Power | History • First AIM listed fuel cell & hydrogen company • 2004 IPO | £10m | ITM.L • 2006 Secondary Fundraising | £30m • 2011 Established ITM Power GMBH • 2012 -2014 Expansion | £17m • 2012 Established ITM Power Inc. • Two facilities in Sheffield | 70 staff • Manufacturing business model • Expansion in USA and Germany POWER-TO-GAS: STORING RENEWABLE ENERGY IN THE GAS GRID 31ST MARCH 2014 | THE ROYAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEMS FOR ENERGY STORAGE AND CLEAN FUEL PRODUCTION
  5. 5. RAPID RESPONSE | HIGH PRESSURE HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEMS RAPID RESPONSE ELECTROLYSER ITM Electrolyser Clean Fuel Energy StorageWind Power Grid Available in 1MW modules | Responds in 1sec | Self pressurises to 80bar
  6. 6. ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL 360KW POWER-TO-GAS MODULE WHAT’S UNIQUE ABOUT ITM ELECTROLYSERS? Rapid response | Self pressurising • 1 sec response time • 80bar self pressurising • 1MW units
  7. 7. ENERGY STORAGE THE NEED THE MARKET
  8. 8. GROWING WIND GENERATION 20% of peak capacity (55GW) in Winter 20% of peak capacity (40GW) in Summer ENERGY STORAGE: THE NEED HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEMS • Evidence of grid balancing problems from Germany and Denmark • Problems start at 20% capacity; UK hits this threshold by the end of 2013 • Energy Storage is a Market Pull Source: ITM Power plc, data from BWEA
  9. 9. THE NEED: GRID BALANCING ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL BALANCING SUPPLY AND DEMAND: • A total of £725m paid for balancing services in 2010-11 • Estimates in 2020 are: circa £1.9bn - £5.9bn pa • Tariffs already operational in the UK
  10. 10. ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL WHY POWER-TO-GAS? POWER-TO-GAS RATIONALE Electricity cannot be stored easily | Hydrogen can be stored easily in the gas grid Source: ITM Power plc
  11. 11. ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES Power-to-gas is efficient | long term | low energy cost Source: ITM Power plc
  12. 12. 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 0.0% 0.5% 1.0% 1.5% 2.0% 2.5% 3.0% 3.5% 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Fractionwindoutputcurtailed Hydrogenfraction(vol%) Excess wind (TWh pa) 725 TWh p.a. natural gas consumption, 30 GW wind capacity (2020) Hydrogen fraction Curtailment HYDROGEN FRACTION VS EXCESS WIND LEVELS ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL • Capturing 2.8 TWh pa of excess wind (ie 4% of 2020 output) • Requiring 978MW of electrolysis at 30% utilisation • Results in average national hydrogen content of 0.5%, reducing carbon footprint by 0.2% Source: ITM Power plc POWER-TO-GAS IN THE UK
  13. 13. ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL EU POWER-TO-GAS ENERGY STORAGE EU Hydrogen Limits for Injection into the HP Gas Grid Covered by a range of local laws and EU Directives Note: interpretation of these rules is complex Limit falls to 2% if there is a CNG station downstream
  14. 14. ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL WHERE DOES THE GAS GO? GAS USAGE IN THE UK (DUKES 2013) Source: Dukes 2013 Where does the gas go? • 906 TWh of natural gas consumed in the UK in 2011 • 52% was used to provide heat • 34% burned in power stations to make electricity
  15. 15. ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL ELECTRIFY HEAT?
  16. 16. DECC: UK HEAT STRATEGY The Future of Heating: Meeting the challenge • 70% of UK heat comes from natural gas • Low penetration of renewable heat in the UK RHI launched Nov. 2011 • 12% of heating from renewables by 2020 • 57 TWh hydrogen • Circa 18,600 MW Electrolysis ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL DECC: UK HEAT STRATEGY
  17. 17. P2G: ELEMENTS OF VALUE ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL Value to the Power Grid •Avoided wind curtailment •Avoided infrastructure upgrades •Reduced reserve power •Reduce CO2 from open cycle GTs •Absorbing reactive power Value to the Gas Grid •Decarbonising gas •Providing renewable heat •Reducing GHG emissions from gas transportation Value to the UK Economy •Reducing fuel imports •Improved energy security •Creating jobs in manufacturing • Value to the power grid • Value to the gas grid • Value to the economy P2G: ELEMENTS OF VALUE
  18. 18. THÜGA ENERGY STORAGE PROJECT SCHEDULE DOCUMENTATION SIGN OFF PROMOTION
  19. 19. FIRST P2G SALE: THÜGA GROUP Won competitive tender on cost & price • One of the world’s largest utility groupings • 18,200 employees • 5.7m customers (electricity, 3.6m, gas 2.1m) • Sales of €21.3bn • Plant to be located at Mainova AG in Frankfurt ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL 360KW POWER-TO-GAS MODULE Source: Thüga-Gruppe
  20. 20. A challenging time frame • Discussions April 2011 • Competitive tender process • Order March 2013 • On site in September 2013 • CE marked by December 2013 • TUV permit by December 2013 • Hydrogen injection planned for 2013 THE SCHEDULE THE SCHEDULE HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEMS
  21. 21. A challenging time frame • Discussions April 2011 • Competitive tender process • Order March 2013 • On site in September 2013 • CE marked by December 2013 • TUV permit by December 2013 • Hydrogen injection planned for 2013 THE SCHEDULE THE SCHEDULE HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEMS Build •Procurement •Manufacture •Control system design CE Mark •PED •EMC •Machinery •ATEX Commission •Loop checks •Acceptance •Performance Permit •Documentation •Audit •Certificate
  22. 22. Technical file runs to 5 boxes • Compliance Documentation • Datasheets: Equipment • Datasheets: Valves • Datasheets: Instrumentation • Datasheets: Electrical control equipment • Control & Electrical document I02201- DDI-001 THE DOCUMENTATION THE DOCUMENTATION HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEMS
  23. 23. P2G PLANT & VISITOR CENTRE ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL
  24. 24. GERMAN GOVERNMENT BACKING ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL German Energy Agency’s Power to Gas Strategy Platform • ITM invited to join • Official government grouping • Excellent consortium • Largest P2G grouping in Germany | Globally
  25. 25. ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL POWER-TO-GAS IN THE UK Power-to-Gas in the UK | Study Objectives: • Funded by the TSB | Project number 130815 • Funded by the ‘Smart Power Distribution and Demand’ call • Opportunity analysis • Economic model • Compliance of gas injection • Potential locations in the UK for deployment • Website www.gridgas.co.uk
  26. 26. GRIDGAS: PROJECT RECOMMENDATIONS LONDON, 24TH OCTOBER 2013 Recommendations to DECC: • Form a Power-to-Gas working group of stakeholders • Review the inclusion of hydrogen from electrolysis in the Renewable Heat Incentive • Initiate a consultation/call for evidence of injection of hydrogen into the UK gas grid • Initiate a consultation/call for evidence of P2G energy storage in the UK • Include Power-to-Gas in the 2050 pathways analysis • Agree the definition of "green hydrogen“ eg: recommended by TUV of 50gCO2/kWh Recommendations to the HSE: • Review the current hydrogen limit of 0.1% • Standardise the procedure for exemptions under the current rules • Form a standards working group specifically looking at hydrogen in the gas grid • Identify requirements for adopting a much higher concentration in the 2020s
  27. 27. POWER-TO-GAS: STORING RENEWABLE ENERGY IN THE GAS GRID 31ST MARCH 2014 | THE ROYAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING Summary: • Renewable power needs energy storage • Power-to-Gas is at the required scale • Power-to-gas energy storage provides renewable heat • A tariff structure comparable to Bio-Methane is being recommended in the UK and Germany
  28. 28. POWER-TO-GAS: STORING RENEWABLE ENERGY IN THE GAS GRID 31ST MARCH 2014 | THE ROYAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING

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