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  1. 1. DREAMS By Ahmed Khamis & Rokaia Ahmed.
  2. 2. CONTENTS: • What is a dream? • The sleep cycle. • Facts about dreams. • Types of dreams. • The Importance of Dreaming.
  3. 3. WHAT IS A DREAM ? • Sequence of images, ideas, emotions, and sensations that occur involuntarily in the mind during certain stages of sleep.
  4. 4. THE SLEEP CYCLE • The sleep cycle comprises of four stages and lasts for about 90120 minutes.
  5. 5. • Stage 1: From 5 to 10 minutes, the body and muscles start to relax. • Stage 2: Your brain activity, heart rate and breathing start to slow down. you're beginning to reach a state of total relaxation .
  6. 6. • Stage 3: You get deeper into sleep. • Stage 4: Stage of sleep when you dream. It is also referred to as "active sleep" or REM sleep.
  7. 7. The sleep cycle repeats itself on an average of 3 to 5 times per night, may repeat as many as 7 times. This is how a person dreams several times in one night.
  9. 9. • When you dream, your body faces some changes. Your adrenaline rises, your blood pressure increases, and your heart beats faster. • During a typical lifetime, people spend an average of six years dreaming. • 12% of people only dream in black and white.
  10. 10. • Sleep might be disturbed during the night but the mind interprets the disturbance and makes it a part of a dream. • Five minutes after the end of the dream, 50% of the content is forgotten, after ten minutes 90% is forgotten. • Animals also Dream.
  11. 11. TYPES OF DREAMS • Daydreams. • Lucid dreams. • Nightmares. • Recurring dreams. • Epic dreams.
  12. 12. DAYDREAMS • Day dreaming occurs when you are half awake, and it is the imagining or remembering of images or experiences in the past or future.
  13. 13. LUCID DREAMS • Lucid dreams occur when you realize you are dreaming. the dreamer can reassure him/herself that it is only a dream and that he or she will soon awaken
  14. 14. NIGHTMARES • A nightmare is a disturbing dream that causes you to wake up feeling anxious and frightened. • Nightmares may also occur because you have ignored or refused to accept a particular life situation.
  15. 15. RECURRING DREAMS • Recurring dreams repeat themselves with little variation in story or theme. These dreams may be positive, but most often they are nightmarish in content.
  16. 16. EPIC DREAMS • They are so memorable and vivid, that we simply cannot ignore them. It’s details remain in your memory for years, as if you’ve dreamt it last night
  18. 18. REFERENCES: • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dream • http://io9.com/10-theories-that-explain-why-we-dream-897195110 • http://www.better-sleep-better-life.com/five-stages-of-sleep.html • http://www.easynight.org/types-of-dreams/facts-about-dreams.htm • http://psychology.about.com/od/statesofconsciousness/tp/facts-abo ut-dreams.htm • http://www.world-of-lucid-dreaming.com/types-of-dreams.html