July 19, 2011Atlantic Century II: BenchmarkingEU & U.S. Innovation andCompetitivenessRob Atkinson, President, ITIF
The Atlantic Century I                          The Study: compared                           innovation-based           ...
This was the story: in rate of progress from 1999,the U.S. was behind….1. China             15. Latvia     28. UK2. Singap...
The Atlantic Century II                           The Study: compares                            innovation-based        ...
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-5                       -30                             -25                                   -20                        ...
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So What’s America’s Future?
Buffalo?
Or Boston?
So What’s Europe’s Future?
Rome?
Or Helsinki
Becoming “Boston” and “Helsinki” Means: 1)   For Europe and America, establish a “Trans-Atlantic      Partnership” to form...
Becoming “Boston” and “Helsinki” Means: 1)   For Europe and America, establish a “Trans-Atlantic Partnership”      to form...
Becoming “Boston” and “Helsinki” Means: 1)   For Europe and America, establish a “Trans-Atlantic Partnership”      to form...
Thank You                            ratkinson@itif.org                                  www.itif.orgFollow ITIF:    Twitt...
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Atlantic Century II: Benchmarking EU &U.S. Innovation and Competitiveness

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The Atlantic Century II updates ITIF’s 2009 report on the United States’ innovation-based competitiveness compared with a diverse group of countries. Using 16 key indicators, such as scientists and engineers, corporate and government R&D, venture capital, productivity and trade performance, the 2011 report finds that America has made little or no progress since 1999. Of the 44 countries and regions surveyed, the United States still ranks fourth behind Singapore, Finland and Sweden. But this is down from the number one position in 2000. Of greater concern, however, is the fact that the U.S. continues to rank at the bottom–second only to Italy–on progress in improving its innovation capacity and competitiveness over the last decade. But the updated report contains encouraging news for some individual states.

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Atlantic Century II: Benchmarking EU &U.S. Innovation and Competitiveness

  1. 1. July 19, 2011Atlantic Century II: BenchmarkingEU & U.S. Innovation andCompetitivenessRob Atkinson, President, ITIF
  2. 2. The Atlantic Century I  The Study: compared innovation-based competiveness of 40 nations and regions.  16 indicators: including corp. R&D, government R&D, scientists and engineers, new firms, corp. tax, productivity growth and others.
  3. 3. This was the story: in rate of progress from 1999,the U.S. was behind….1. China 15. Latvia 28. UK2. Singapore 16. Austria 29. EU-153. Estonia 17. S. Korea 30. Mexico4. Denmark 18. Ireland 31. Netherlands5. Luxembourg 19. EU-10 32. Australia6. Slovenia 20. Spain 33. Finland7. Russia 21. Sweden 34. Canada8. Lithuania 22. France 35. Germany9. Cyprus 23. Portugal 36. Italy10. Japan 24. Malta 37. NAFTA11. Hungary 25. Belgium 38. Greece12. Slovakia 26. EU-25 39. Brazil13. Czech Republic 27. Poland 40. United States14. India
  4. 4. The Atlantic Century II  The Study: compares innovation-based competiveness of 44 nations and regions. (Added Argentina, Chile, Malaysia, Indonesia, South Africa and Turkey and subtracted Luxemburg and Malta)  16 indicators: including corporate and government R&D, scientists and engineers, new firms, corp. tax, productivity growth and others.
  5. 5. 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 Singapore Finland Sweden U.S. S. Korea UK Canada Denmark NAFTA Netherlands Japan Australia Belgium France Ireland Germany Austria EU-15 EU-25 Czech Rep. Estonia Hungary Spain Slovenia Portugal Slovakia EU-10 Latvia Russian Italy Overall Score: U.S. is 4th (unchanged) Malaysia Lithuania Chile China Cyprus Poland Greece Brazil Turkey Mexico South Africa Argentina India Indonesia5
  6. 6. 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 China 25.0 S. Korea Cyprus Slovenia Estonia Czech Rep. Latvia Singapore EU-10 Portugal Hungary Lithuania India Austria Chile Greece Japan Slovakia Finland Denmark Australia Indonesia Ireland UK Brazil Mexico Poland EU-25 Netherlands Turkey Spain Argentina Russia Canada Malaysia EU-15 France Germany Sweden Overall Change Score (1999-2011): U.S. is 43rd Belgium NAFTA South Africa U.S. Italy6
  7. 7. 10.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 Portugal Slovenia Indonesia Slovakia China Greece S. Korea EU-10 Australia Poland Czech Rep. Hungary Malaysia Chile Mexico Cyprus Argentina Turkey Finland India Austria Estonia Brazil UK Spain Netherlands U.S. South Africa Japan Russia EU-25 Germany NAFTA Canada EU-15 Lithuania Denmark Belgium France Sweden Overall Change Score (2009-2011): U.S. is 27th Ireland Singapore Italy Latvia7
  8. 8. 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 Massachusetts California Connecticut New Jersey Washington Delaware Maryland But Some U.S. States Lead the World Colorado New Hampshire Finland8
  9. 9. 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 0.0% S. Korea Canada Russia Japan Ireland Denmark Belgium Lithuania Australia U.S. Spain France Netherlands Sweden UK Finland Singapore NAFTA Latvia Estonia EU-15 Poland EU-25 Slovenia EU-10 Greece Hungary Germany Portugal Cyprus Italy Mexico Austria Malaysia Slovakia Czech Rep. Turkey China Indonesia Brazil India Argentina Education (college-aged pop. with tertiary degree) Chile9
  10. 10. 100.0% 120.0% 140.0% 160.0% 180.0% 0.0% 20.0% 40.0% 60.0% 80.0% Poland EU-10 Italy Portugal Hungary S. Korea Netherlands EU-25 Ireland Austria Denmark Czech Rep. Australia UK Education Change (1999-2008) EU-15 France Belgium Spain Mexico Japan Sweden Estonia Canada NAFTA U.S. Greece Finland10
  11. 11. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 Finland Singapore Japan Denmark Sweden U.S. S. Korea UK Austria France Belgium Australia Canada Germany EU-15 NAFTA Slovenia EU-25 Spain Ireland Russia Estonia Netherlands Czech Rep. Lithuania Researchers, per 1,000 employed Portugal Slovakia EU-10 Greece Hungary Italy Latvia Poland Argentina Turkey Chile Cyprus China Brazil South Africa Malaysia Mexico India11
  12. 12. 100% 150% 200% 250% 300% 350% 0% -50% 50% Malaysia Cyprus Turkey China Czech Rep. Chile S. Korea Singapore Brazil Portugal Austria Spain Denmark Mexico Slovenia Latvia UK Hungary Ireland Italy EU-15 EU-25 Greece EU-10 Researchers Change (1999-2008) Estonia Canada Argentina France India Slovakia Netherlands Australia Finland Belgium Germany Japan Sweden NAFTA U.S. Poland Lithuania Russia12
  13. 13. 0.0% 0.5% 1.0% 1.5% 2.0% 2.5% Japan 3.0% Finland S. Korea Sweden U.S. Germany Denmark NAFTA Singapore Austria Belgium Australia China Slovenia EU-15 France EU-25 UK Canada Netherlands Business R&D (% of GDP) Czech Rep. Ireland Portugal Spain Italy Estonia Brazil Malaysia Hungary EU-10 South Africa Turkey Chile Russia India Poland Greece Lithuania Mexico Latvia Slovakia Argentina Cyprus13
  14. 14. 100% 150% 200% 250% 300% 0% -50% 50% Chile China Estonia Latvia Cyprus Mexico Austria Australia Turkey Hungary Greece S. Korea Singapore Spain Slovenia Denmark Czech Rep. Japan Malaysia NAFTA India EU-10 Brazil Finland Canada Business R&D Change(1999-2008) Germany U.S. EU-25 Argentina UK Italy EU-15 Sweden Netherlands Belgium France Ireland Poland Russia Slovakia14
  15. 15. 0.0% 0.2% 0.4% 0.6% 0.8% 1.0% 1.2% Austria Finland Singapore Australia France Sweden S. Korea U.S. NAFTA Denmark Germany Russia Estonia EU-15 Canada Czech Rep. EU-25 Netherlands UK Japan Spain Portugal Slovenia Italy Brazil Government R&D (% of GDP) India Lithuania Ireland EU-10 Hungary Belgium South Africa Malaysia Poland Turkey Chile Mexico China Latvia Greece Argentina Cyprus Slovakia Indonesia15
  16. 16. 0% -40% -20% 20% 40% 60% 80% Cyprus Ireland Spain Brazil Latvia Estonia Lithuania Austria Turkey S. Korea Russia Czech Rep. Australia Mexico Hungary Greece Canada Portugal EU-15 EU-25 EU-10 UK Denmark Singapore Slovenia France China U.S. NAFTA Government R&D Change(1999-2008) Japan Poland Belgium Finland Germany Argentina Sweden Netherlands India Chile Slovakia Indonesia16
  17. 17. 0.00% 0.05% 0.10% 0.15% 0.20% 0.25% 0.30% Singapore Finland Sweden UK Denmark Australia Ireland France Spain EU-15 U.S. Czech Rep. EU-25 NAFTA Venture Capital (% GDP) Brazil Netherlands Belgium Germany Canada S. Korea Japan EU-10 Hungary Italy Mexico Portugal Austria Poland Greece India China Chile Russian17
  18. 18. -100% 100% 150% 200% 0% -50% 50% Japan Czech Rep. Hungary Denmark Ireland Finland France Australia EU-10 EU-25 Spain EU-15 Belgium UK Sweden Germany Venture Capital Change (1999-2008) Netherlands Italy Austria Portugal Poland NAFTA U.S. Canada Greece18
  19. 19. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Estonia 9 UK Canada Singapore Australia Hungary Ireland NAFTA Latvia Denmark U.S. Belgium Slovenia Sweden Slovakia Portugal Finland EU-15 EU-25 Netherlands France Czech Rep. Spain New Firms (per 1,000 workers) Russia EU-10 Malaysia Brazil Lithuania Chile Italy S. Korea Japan Germany Greece Turkey South Africa Mexico Austria Poland Argentina Indonesia India19
  20. 20. 100% 120% 0% -60% -40% -20% 20% 40% 60% 80% India Hungary S. Korea Greece Slovenia Czech Rep. EU-10 Finland Singapore Brazil Slovakia Lithuania Netherlands Estonia Sweden Indonesia Belgium Mexico Poland France Portugal Canada Malaysia New Firms Change (2005-2009) Chile Australia Germany UK Japan EU-25 EU-15 Italy NAFTA Austria U.S. Turkey Argentina Latvia Denmark Ireland Spain South Africa Russian20
  21. 21. 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 S. Korea Japan Sweden Netherlands Denmark Finland Latvia Germany France Belgium U.S. Lithuania EU-15 Canada UK EU-25 Estonia Singapore NAFTA Slovenia Portugal Hungary Austria Australia Spain Ireland Slovakia Czech Rep. EU-10 Greece Broadband (Quality and Subscription) Italy Cyprus Poland Russia Chile Turkey Argentina Mexico Malaysia China Brazil South Africa India Indonesia21
  22. 22. 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% Denmark 35.0% France Netherlands UK S. Korea Germany Canada Japan EU-15 Finland Australia Singapore EU-25 Sweden Belgium Ireland Slovenia Cyprus Estonia Italy U.S. Lithuania Spain Latvia Broadband Change (2002-2009) Hungary Greece NAFTA Austria Portugal EU-10 Slovakia Czech Rep. Poland Argentina Mexico Turkey Chile China Malaysia Brazil South Africa Indonesia India22
  23. 23. 3% 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% Czech Rep. 9% Slovakia S. Korea China U.S. NAFTA UK Hungary Canada EU-10 Finland Singapore Japan Portugal Netherlands Sweden Poland EU-25 IT Investments (% of GDP) EU-15 Germany India Austria Brazil Chile Belgium Greece Argentina Ireland France Slovenia Mexico Denmark Spain Australia Italy Turkey Russia Indonesia23
  24. 24. 0% -30% -20% -10% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Indonesia 60% India Slovenia Mexico EU-10 Finland Argentina Slovakia Chile NAFTA Canada Greece Czech Rep. Portugal Hungary Poland S. Korea China Japan UK U.S. Brazil Netherlands EU-25 Austria Germany IT investments, Change (2003-2010) EU-15 Turkey Belgium Ireland Russia Sweden Singapore France Malaysia Denmark Spain Italy Australia24
  25. 25. 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% Latvia 50% Hungary Slovakia Chile Singapore Slovenia EU-10 Turkey Portugal Netherlands Poland Belgium Austria China Canada Spain Sweden Ireland Malaysia France UK Effective Corporate Tax Rates Brazil Finland S. Korea EU-25 Denmark NAFTA India EU-15 Greece Russia South Africa Australia Mexico U.S. Germany Indonesia Italy Japan Argentina25
  26. 26. -5 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 0 5 10 15 20 Singapore UK Australia U.S. Canada Ireland NAFTA Finland Lithuania Japan Denmark Sweden S. Korea Netherlands Germany Portugal Malayasia Ease of Doing Business Latvia Austria EU-15 Belgium EU-25 Estonia France Slovakia Hungary Cyprus Spain South Africa Mexico Czech Rep. Turkey EU-10 Russian Chile Argentina Slovenia China Italy Poland Greece Brazil Indonesia India26
  27. 27. -6.0 -4.0 -2.0 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 China Indonesia Czech Rep. Latvia Slovenia Portugal Hungary S. Korea France Slovakia Lithuania EU-10 Denmark Russian Malayasia UK Estonia Japan Singapore Cyprus Mexico Poland Brazil Ireland South Africa Greece EU-25 Spain Canada EU-15 Turkey Australia Netherlands Sweden Finland NAFTA Chile Ease of Doing Business Change (2005-2010) Belgium U.S. Germany Austria India Argentina Italy27
  28. 28. 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 16% 18% Hungary 20% Cyprus Chile Estonia Singapore Ireland Belgium Sweden EU-10 Russian Australia India South Africa Canada Spain Netherlands China UK Lithuania France Czech Rep. EU-25 Brazil Latvia Argentina Malayasia Poland EU-15 Austria Mexico Turkey NAFTA Slovakia Foreign Direct Investment (% of GDP) U.S. Portugal Indonesia Slovenia Greece Italy Germany Denmark Japan S. Korea Finland28
  29. 29. -100% 100% 200% 300% 400% 500% 0% Turkey India South Africa Hungary Russian Greece Slovenia Cyprus Australia Japan Estonia Italy Chile Sweden EU-25 China France Austria Belgium Indonesia Mexico Lithuania NAFTA Spain U.S. Portugal Malayasia Brazil Latvia Poland Canada Singapore Argentina UK Ireland Netherlands Slovakia Czech Rep. Foreign Direct Investment Change (1999-2009) Germany S. Korea Denmark Finland29
  30. 30. -5% -15% -10% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% Malayasia Singapore Russian Netherlands Ireland Sweden China Chile Germany Austria Czech Rep. Argentina Denmark Finland Indonesia Belgium S. Korea Hungary EU-15 Estonia Trade Balance (% of GDP) EU-25 Japan Brazil Canada Italy Slovenia EU-10 Australia Mexico South Africa Poland France UK Turkey Slovakia NAFTA U.S. Spain India Latvia Portugal Cyprus Lithuania Greece30
  31. 31. -5% -20% -15% -10% 0% 5% 10% Estonia Argentina Czech Rep. Germany Slovakia Latvia Chile Austria EU-10 Poland Hungary Netherlands Singapore China Slovenia Brazil Sweden Portugal Mexico Denmark EU-25 Australia EU-15 Lithuania Ireland UK NAFTA Japan Trade Balance, Change (1999-2009) U.S. Spain Belgium Greece Malayasia Canada Italy India Russian France South Africa Indonesia Finland S. Korea Cyprus Turkey31
  32. 32. $- $10.00 $20.00 $30.00 $40.00 $50.00 $60.00 Netherlands Belgium U.S. Ireland France Germany NAFTA Austria EU-15 Sweden EU-25 UK Denmark Finland Australia Canada Italy Spain Turkey Japan Greece Slovenia Slovakia Portugal Czech Rep. Hungary S. Korea EU-10 Poland Productivity (GDP per Hour Worked) Lithuania Estonia Argentina Malaysia Mexico Latvia Russian Chile South Africa Brazil China Indonesia India32
  33. 33. 100% 120% 140% 160% 180% 200% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% China Lithuania Russian India Latvia EU-10 Estonia Slovakia S. Korea Czech Rep. Hungary Indonesia Malaysia Poland Slovenia Argentina Chile South Africa Greece Singapore Finland Ireland UK Brazil Japan Productivity, Change (1999-2009) U.S. NAFTA Austria Sweden Australia EU-25 Turkey Germany EU-15 Canada Netherlands Portugal Mexico France Belgium Denmark Spain Italy33
  34. 34. So What’s America’s Future?
  35. 35. Buffalo?
  36. 36. Or Boston?
  37. 37. So What’s Europe’s Future?
  38. 38. Rome?
  39. 39. Or Helsinki
  40. 40. Becoming “Boston” and “Helsinki” Means: 1) For Europe and America, establish a “Trans-Atlantic Partnership” to form a united front against innovation-based mercantilism in the rest of the world. 40
  41. 41. Becoming “Boston” and “Helsinki” Means: 1) For Europe and America, establish a “Trans-Atlantic Partnership” to form a united front against innovation-based mercantilism in the rest of the world. 2) For Europe, embrace the “creative destruction” of innovation. 41
  42. 42. Becoming “Boston” and “Helsinki” Means: 1) For Europe and America, establish a “Trans-Atlantic Partnership” to form a united front against innovation-based mercantilism in the rest of the world. 2) For Europe, embrace the “creative destruction” of innovation. 3) For America, wake up to the fact that we are no longer the leader and need an aggressive national innovation and competitiveness strategy. 42
  43. 43. Thank You ratkinson@itif.org www.itif.orgFollow ITIF: Twitter: @robatkinsonitif or @itifdc/itif Facebook: facebook.com/innovationpolicy Blog: www.innovationpolicy.org Website: www.itif.org

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