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Itc world 6.0 lecture 14.05.2013


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Itc world 6.0 lecture 14.05.2013

  1. 1. WORLD 6.0On The Future of Our Worldand Potential Roles ofGeo-Information ScienceHans van GinkelITC Enschedé Geo-SciencesLecture 14.05.2013 Utrecht University
  2. 2. 31. World 6.0? Guiding Ideas2. Processes Shaping Our World3. Developments Changing the Faceof the EarthWORLD 6.0
  3. 3. WORLD 6.0 Guiding Ideas We are on the brink of major change!Tomorrow will be fundamentally different! Changes never come alone, cp. “Ageing” “It is difficult to predict, in particular thefuture!” (Niels Bohr) We will only know in hindsight!But that is too late to prepare!
  4. 4. WHY WORLD 6.0? World 1.0 Ancient Civilizations World 2.0 Middle Ages World 3.0 Renaissance andEnlightenment World 4.0 Industrial Revolution/World World 5.0 ICT Revolution/Globalizing World World 6.0 Material Revolution (graphene) //Robotized World ???
  5. 5. Ageing – Major Changes Never Come Alone –the Ubiquitous Information SocietyAt your service: NTT DoCoMo demonstrates a robot that recognizesvoices and provides personalized assistance at the CEATEC electronicstrade show at Makuhari Messe in Chiba Prefecture onTuesday. AFP-JIJI
  6. 6. PROCESSES SHAPING OUR WORLD1. Globalization and Localization2. Development of the Knowledge Society3. Increasing importance of Ethics and Values4. Global Change5. Fundamental Shifts in the Balance between‘public’ and ‘private’ funding
  7. 7. Let us look at the Dimensions of Globalization1. Geographic  Shrinking distances/world Areas <--> Networks Integration of scale levels2. Economic  Free market/Social market-economy Trade liberalization/Material cycles Regional integration/or Commonwealth3. Cultural  Dialogue <--> Clash of civilizations Mass-culture <--> Elite culture Homogenization <--> Cultural diversity4. Social  Rise of the middle class Equity / Equality Democracy / Good governance5. Political  Interconnectedness Serve the People Rule of law8
  8. 8. Shrinking distances - relative distance
  9. 9. Differences in Life ExpectancyTen Richest Ten PoorestCountries Countries1998 78 45Japan Malawi2002 81 40UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES
  11. 11. 12GlobalizationIntegrationSTATELocalizationDecentralizationGloCalization• Positive:Autonomy;Self-organization• Negative:FragmentationConsequences of GloCalizationCore Processes influencing Public Administration• Positive:Economiesof Scale• Negative:Alienation
  12. 12. Knowledge Society and Innovation:the Shanghai Ranking 20 Tokyo Univ. 24 Kyoto Univ. 72 Hebrew Univ. Jerusalem 101-150 Nat. Univ. Taiwan,Nat. Univ. Singapore,Seoul Nat.Univ.,Tel Aviv.Univ.Univ.of Sao Paulo 151-200 Nat.Aut.Univ.Mexico,Tsinghua Univ., Peking Univ.,Chinese Univ.of Hongkong,Univ.of Buenos Airesin comparison: 23 ETH Zürich 40 Univ.of Copenhagen 42 Karolinska Institute 50 Utrecht Univ. 51 Univ.of Zürich 52 Univ.of Münich 56 Techn.Univ.of Münich 66 Uppsala Univ. 70 Leiden Univ. 74 Moscow State Univ.
  13. 13. Knowledge Society and Innovation:the Bibliotheca Alexandrina
  14. 14. IncreasingImportanceof Ethicsand Values
  15. 15. Creating a Capacity forUnderstanding Knowledge; Respect; Knowing one’s own cultural norms; Search for unity in diversity; Inclusiveness; and Readiness to transformPre-requisites for Understanding
  16. 16. THE ARCTIC SEA ICE, 1958 -1997
  17. 17. Events 830• Africa 476Death toll >10 million• Asia 7.7 millionFinancial loss >60 billion• Asia 16.1 billionGlobal Change, Risks and Vulnerability
  18. 18. JAPAN, March 2011: Multi-Hazards leading to Disaster
  19. 19. Global Change/Dust Storm over Beijing
  20. 20. Government’s Expenditures in Europe the Highest(size of countries as govt. expend. In US dollars in 2009)
  21. 21. Developments Changingthe Face of the Earth1. Freedom and Development2. Population Growth and Urbanization3. Worldwide Networking and Organization4. The Last Frontiers: colonization of theWorld Seas and the Arctic region
  22. 22. Decolonization and Worldwide Development:‘Forgotten Peoples: American Indians
  23. 23. ‘Forgotten Peoples’: the Tuaregs, e.g,.
  24. 24. Desert Near Tamanghasset
  25. 25. Foggara at Timimoun and Ilhir Oasis
  26. 26. Worldwide Development: Drops of Good News
  27. 27. Africa’s Hopeful Economies
  29. 29. The Worldin 2050:ExpectBigPopulationShifts
  30. 30. OUR URBAN FUTURELabour Force working in Agriculture1. United States < 2%2. Netherlands < 3%3. Japan < 8%(half of which > 55 jaar!)
  31. 31. SaguenayOttawaSept-IlesMexicoCityQuébecMontréalSt.JohnThese lights are Boston, NewYork, Philadelphia andWashington.TorontoDetroitMiamiHavanaPuerto RicoHoustonDallasIt’s still daylight inCaliforniaThunder BayPort-au-Prince
  32. 32. Pollution Preventing the Sight ofStarsInteractions and Environmental Impacts:Burning Vegetation in the Oil Production Areas
  33. 33. Holland City: Access to Jobs
  34. 34. New Infrastructure CreatingNew Opportunities in Pearl City36
  35. 35. China: Exports by Province andInter-Provincial Migration
  36. 36. China: GDP and Air Pollution
  37. 37. China Nót Cheap Anymore!!!
  38. 38. The Netherlands in the World:“HOLLAND CITY” : one of the 25 in 2025McKinsey Global Institute:„Urban World – Mapping the Economic Power of Cities‟
  39. 39. Chinese Activities OverseesCompetition Increases: and they are with mányl!!
  40. 40. Water Pipeline from In-Salah toTamanghasset (> 700 km)
  41. 41. Growing foreign land acquisitions: need for aninternational code of conduct for investmentSource: von Braun and Meinzen-Dick 2009,with data compiled from media reports 2007-2009.
  42. 42. The Worldwide Activities of BoskalisAn Empire On Which the Sun Never Sets!!!Dutch “Home”-market of the leading global enterprise is shrinkingValue of the potential orderportfolio of Boskalis
  43. 43. THE NEW NORTHSource: Economist March 24th, 2012
  44. 44. Global Change and The New NorthGDP Population(in billions US) (x 1 million)New North 7,089 254.6BRICs 16,442 2,834.6EU 14,520 491.6USA (all) 14,620 307.6China 8,767 1,338.6India 3,548 1,156.9Source: Laurence Smith – The New North
  45. 45. Potential Roles ofGeo-Information Science Mapping the planet at different scale levels Exploration of natural resources Landuse: analysis/planning – rural/urban Landregistration Environmental degradation, a.o. of soils Environmental management Hazard and Risk analysis/disaster relief Integration of Geo-information