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New Space Environment Utilization with Kibo Unique Exposed Facility

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Presentation from JAXA/NASA Joint Workshop at 2016 ISS Research and Development Conference

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New Space Environment Utilization with Kibo Unique Exposed Facility

  1. 1. ISS R&D Conference 2016 JAXA/NASA Joint Workshop Hiroki AKAGI, Engineer Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Human Spaceflight Technology Directorate JEM Mission Operations and Integration Center Maximizing the Outcome of the ISS and “Kibo” New Space Environment Utilization with Kibo Unique Exposed Facility
  2. 2. Maximizing the Outcome of the ISS and “Kibo” New Space Environment Utilization with Kibo Unique Exposed Facility  About eight years have passed already after JAXA started the utilization of the Japanese Experiment Module (Kibo, which means “hope” in Japanese) in 2008.  Today, its a harvest time for the value of the ISS and “ Kibo” utilization. It should be changed to that JAXA and NASA increases utilization collaboration to maximize the output/outcome from ISS/Kibo.  JAXA’s utilization facility is available for NASA/US users under an appropriate agreement between NASA and JAXA. JAXA is looking forward to further collaboration in utilization as a part of the new JP-US collaboration framework (OP3). 1
  3. 3. Japan-U.S. new cooperation framework - Japan-U.S. Open Platform Partnership Program (JO-US OP3)-  On December 22, 2015, the Japanese and U.S. governments agreed on a new cooperation framework for the International Space Station (ISS) Program.  Outline of JP-US OP3: • Development of a new initiative for the operation of the ISS enhancing Japan- U.S. cooperation • Increased cooperation with developing spacefaring countries in the Asia-Pacific region, possibly through utilization of ISS resources. • Promotion of new uses for th ISS: (a) As a platform for technology demonstration, such as support of a Japansese technology demonstration to capture a non-functional space object. (b)Utilization of operational opportunities of the H-II Transfer Vehicle(HTV) and HTV-X. • Promotion of utilization of effective and efficient space-related technologies. 2
  4. 4. Unique Capability of Kibo – Exposed Facility Maximizing the Outcome of the ISS and “Kibo” New Space Environment Utilization with Kibo Unique Exposed Facility
  5. 5.  Kibo has a unique Exposed Facility (EF) with an Airlock (AL) and a Remote Manipulator System (JEMRMS), and has a high capacity to exchange experimental equipment.  JAXA is promoting various functional missions to maximize the Kibo utilization outcome as follows: • Standard-class (500kg) EF mission • Material exposure mission (ExHAM) (2cm x10cm x 10cm or 20cm/plate, total 20 sample plates) • Small satellite deployment mission (J-SSOD) (CubeSat (1U-3U) and Microsat (50kg)) • Medium-class (200kg) EF mission (i-SEEP)  These various missions are enabled only by Kibo because it has an independent EF with AL and JEMRMS. Unique Capability of Kibo – Exposed Facility 4
  6. 6. ExHAM: Material Exposure Mission Standard-class EF Mission:CALET(JAXA) Air Lock i-SEEP: Medium-class EF Misson J-SSOD: Small satellite deployment JEMRMS Standard-class EF Mission:HREP(NASA) Standard-class EF Mission:SEDA-AP (JAXA) Unique Capability of Kibo – Exposed Facility
  7. 7. 6 “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Standard-class (500kg) EF mission  The experiments to be operated on Kibo’s Exposed Facility (EF) will be integrated into the standard EF payload whose size is 0.8m x 1.0m x 1.85m with a weight less than 500kg.  The EF can accommodate up to 10 JEM EF payloads.  The EF will supply electrical power, coolant fluid, and communications to those payloads.
  8. 8. “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Standard-class (500kg) EF mission Science Research enabled by “Kibo” Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI)  Launched by STS-127 in July 2009.  MAXI monitors the X-ray variability once every 96 minutes for more than 1,000 X-ray sources covering the entire sky on time scales from a day to a few months.  The Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) investigation is designed to continuously monitor, through a systematic survey, X-ray sources and variabilities as the International Space Station (ISS) orbits Earth.  Besides the goal of performing a complete sky survey in the early 21st century, MAXI finds an X-ray nova and informs it promptly to all over the world.  This research helps to address fundamental astrophysics questions and allows researchers to better understand the current state and evolution of our Universe. MAXI(Flight Model) 7 GSC+SSC Image Accumulated in 2010-2013
  9. 9. “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Standard-class (500kg) EF mission Science Research enabled by “Kibo” Clarify space mysteries using CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET)  Launched by H-IIB/HTV5 in August 2015.  International collaboration with U.S. and Italy to shed light on the following space mysteries. 1) Origin and acceleration mechanism of high-energy cosmic rays 2) Diffusion mechanism of cosmic rays within the Milky Way 3) Dark matter signature  CALET observation data will be available for worldwide use in 2 years and all researchers are free to use this valuable observation data. Electrons (candidates) event image An Electron in the Tera electron Volt(TeV) region observed on Oct. 14, 2015. CALET(Flight Model) 8
  10. 10. Standard-class EF Mission:CALET(JAXA) i-SEEP: Medium-class EF Misson J-SSOD: Small satellite deployment JEMRMS Standard-class EF Mission:HREP(NASA) Standard-class EF Mission:SEDA-AP (JAXA) ExHAM: Material Exposure Mission Air Lock “Kibo” is Unique! – JEMRMS’s Work on the ISS/Kibo
  11. 11. “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Material exposure mission (ExHAM) 10 Experiment Sample 10cm 20cm □ExHAM Attachable Position 10cm (t = 2mm) ExHAM Overview ExHAM has the area for 20 units. ExHAM #1 ExHAM#2 2 Unit Size 1 Unit Size Small Device to Open the Door to the Frontier Exposed Experiment Handrail Attachment Mechanism (ExHAM) ExHAM provides easier and more frequent opportunities for small sized experiments.
  12. 12. 1)Launch 2)Installation to ExHAM 4)Exposure Experiment for a few month or a few years Airlock ExHAM Airlock Table Mission Samples H-IIB 3)Installation to Handhold by JEMRMS 6)Return to the ground 7)Analysis5)Retrieval into Kibo pressurized section HTV 11 “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Material exposure mission (ExHAM) Scenario for ExHAM Mission
  13. 13. “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Material exposure mission (ExHAM) 12 Space Environment Exposure Test Functional Thin Film Devices for Future Solar Sail Mission (Solar Sail) IKAROS -World’s First Solar Power Sail (2010) Future Solar Power Sail Mission Thin-film Solar Cell Reflectivity Control Device Reinforcing Tape Solar Power Sail A novel spacecraft with hybrid propulsion of large-area solar sail and electric propulsion driven by thin-film solar cells on the sail. ExHAM ISS/JEM Sample Exposure Test Compare the data of IKAROS with a sample exposure & return experiment Contribute to the design of future space missions
  14. 14. “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Material exposure mission (ExHAM) 13 Space Environment Exposure Test Lightweight and High-Precision Carbon Composite Mirrors (CFRP Mirror) Future Solar Power Sail Mission Reflectivity Control Device Reinforcing Tape Carbon Composite Mirror Lightweight and high-precision CFRP replicated mirrors will contribute to development of the antennas and telescopes of next generation‘s astronomical and earth observation satellites. Most importantly, carbon fiber composites can be designed with near zero CTE(Coefficient of thermal expansion). ExHAM ISS/JEM Sample Exposure Test Compare the data of ground environmental tests with a sample exposure & return experiment Contribute to the lightweight and high- precision design of future space telescopes and antenna Four type of carbon composite mirrors: 1) Aluminum vapor deposition surface type 2) Aluminum vapor deposition surface with four-divided combination 3) Aluminum adhesion surface type 4) Aluminum thermal spraying surface type Carbon Composite Mirror (Sample) Future Mission : Submillimeter-wave atmospheric emission sounder for the future Japanese mars exploration orbiter
  15. 15. ExHAM: Material Exposure Mission Standard-class EF Mission:CALET(JAXA) i-SEEP: Medium-class EF Misson JEMRMS Standard-class EF Mission:HREP(NASA) Standard-class EF Mission:SEDA-AP (JAXA) Air Lock J-SSOD: Small satellite deployment “Kibo” is Unique! – JEMRMS’s Work on the ISS/Kibo
  16. 16. Main Satellite Piggy-back Payload ©JAXA Launch Opportunities for Micro/Nano-satellite In recent years, the number of universities and companies, which develop the Micro/Nano- satellite (under 100kg, mainly CubeSat), is on the increase all over the world. In the beginning of the Micro/Nano-satellite history, ・The method to transport the satellite in the orbit was a piggy-back payload by launch vehicles. ・the opportunity was limited because of the main satellite launch schedule. Micro/Nano-satellite = short-term and low-cost development + possibility for various missions Mission example; Earth observation, Satellite constellations, Technical demonstration, and, planetary exploration 15 “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Small satellite deployment mission (J-SSOD)
  17. 17. Air Lock JEMRMS (JEM-Remote Manipulator System) JAXA developed the unique system “J-SSOD” (JEM Small Satellite Orbital Deployer) to deploy the satellite and inject the orbit from Kibo. Kibo’s unique function: JEM AL (JEM Airlock) and JEMRMS (JEM-Remote Manipulator System) “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Small satellite deployment mission (J-SSOD)
  18. 18. In 2012, the first satellites were deployed from Kibo: this has opened up new capabilities for ISS/Kibo utilization and new possibilities of the Micro/Nano-satellite. It is able to operate the satellite deployer using Kibo, both airlock and robotic arm, is not only J-SSOD but also NRCSD and Cyclops. NRCSD(NanoRacks CubeSat Deployer) Cyclops (SSIKLOPS, Space Station Integrated Kinetic Launcher for Orbital Payload Systems) More than 100 satellites have deployed from Kibo and the deployment system has been attracting global attention as being a new space transportation system for the satellite. 1st J-SSOD Mission, WE WISH[1U], RAIKO[2U] 17 “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Small satellite deployment mission (J-SSOD)
  19. 19. JEMRMS J-SSOD ©JAXA/NASA Deployed Satellite ©JAXA/NASA JAXA provides opportunities for launching small satellites with the purposes: (a) To contribute for easy and fast launch and operation of small satellites by private enterprises and universities, expanding the application of the space development and capacity building. (b) To promote a new industry with space development by using the small satellites. (c) To improve the developing countries space technology 18 “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Small satellite deployment mission (J-SSOD)
  20. 20. 19 “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Small satellite deployment mission (J-SSOD) International Contribution - opportunities while bearing the expenses –  JAXA encourage international applicants to collaborate with Japanese universities orprivate enterprises. (CubeSat (1U-3U) and Microsat (50 kg))  To date, 139 satellites were deployed from Kibo and JAXA is promoting more deployment opportunities.
  21. 21. SERPENS Launch and Deploy:2015 Investigator: University of Brasilia (Brazil) Agência Espacial Brasileira(AEB) Japan Manned Space Systems Corporation Size:3U “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Small satellite deployment mission (J-SSOD)
  22. 22. JAXA’s First Mission for 50kg Microsat Diwata-1 Launch and Deploy:2016 Investigator: University of the Philippines(Philippine) Department of Science and Technology(DOST) Tohoku University/Hokkaido University Size: Micro-Satellite(55cm ×35cm ×55cm) “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Small satellite deployment mission (J-SSOD)
  23. 23. New Opportunities through UNOOSA-JAXA Cooperation KiboCUBE – Small Satellite Deployment from Kibo 22 “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Small satellite deployment mission (J-SSOD) KiboCUBE Collaboration between UNOOSA and JAXA to offer small satellite deployment opportunities from Kibo in order to facilitate improved space technologies in developing countries. (CubeSat (1U)/ once a year from 2017-2019)
  24. 24. JAXA will provide the new system for more opportunities for launching small satellites. Micro-Satellite Deployer(~50kg) J-SSOD Upgrade Deployer (3U×6 : up to 18U) Mission Completed Apr 27/2016 J-SSOD Upgrade Plan for Maximizing the Outcome of the ISS/Kibo “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Small satellite deployment mission (J-SSOD) 23
  25. 25. ExHAM: Material Exposure Mission Standard-class EF Mission:CALET(JAXA) J-SSOD: Small satellite deployment JEMRMS Standard-class EF Mission:HREP(NASA) Standard-class EF Mission:SEDA-AP (JAXA) “Kibo” is Unique! – JEMRMS’s Work on the ISS/Kibo Air Lock i-SEEP: Medium-class EF Misson
  26. 26. “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Medium-class (200kg) EF mission (i-SEEP) 25 IVA Resuppliable Small Exposed Experiment Platform(i-SEEP)  i-SEEP is an exposed payload to support exchangeable experiment system by supplying electrical power, Ethernet communication and removal of heat.  The experiment equipments are launced by cargo and exchanged in JEM-PM by IVA.  i-SEEP is transferred to outer space by JEM Airlock after experiment equipments are attached, and moved and attached to JEM-Exposed Facility by JEMRMS.  i-SEEP is returned to inside of JEM-PM in reverse operation of i-SEEP attachment to EF, experiment equipments are exchanged by IVA, and attached to EF in same operation with above. Attach on the Exposed Facility New Easier technology verification and Earth and Astronomical observations
  27. 27. “Kibo” is Unique! – Exposed Facility Medium-class (200kg) EF mission (i-SEEP) 26 IVA Resuppliable Small Exposed Experiment Platform(i-SEEP) Easier technology verification and Earth and Astronomical observations Size 900 (W)×591 (H)×394mm (D) Mass Less than 200kg Number of Experiment Equipment Max 2 Experiment Equipments Power 28Vdc、less than 200W×2ch Communication and Data Handling (C&DH) •EthernetⅡ or IEEE802.3×2ch •MIL-STD-1553B •USB Active Thermal Control System (ATCS) ATCS is the cooling system by the coolant (Fluorinert liquid FC-72flown by pressure difference between JEM-EF supply line and return line. Cold Plate Payload I/F Unit(PIU) Experiment Equipment I/F Plate New
  28. 28. Conclusion 27  Kibo has a unique Exposed Facility (EF) with an Airlock (AL) and a Remote Manipulator System (JEMRMS), and has a high capacity to exchange experimental equipment.  JAXA has performed world-class experiments on Kibo, utilizing the exposed space environment.  Kibo utilization has evolved through the promotion of many experiment opportunities and unique technologies.  JAXA, through the EF Payload Mission, hopes to contribute to the expanded utilization of outer space along with developing countries.  JAXA’s utilization facility is available for NASA/US users under an appropriate agreement between NASA and JAXA. JAXA is looking forward to further collaboration in utilization as a part of the new JP-US collaboration framework (OP3). If you are interested in this activity, please contact Ms. Marybeth Edeen, ISS Research Integration Office Manager, NASA, at jsc-iss-research-helpline@mail.nasa.gov

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