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ISS and Beyond: Habs, Labs, and Platforms, from LEO to Deep Space

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This session will consider and discuss the role played by the International Space Station as an exploration testbed and in creating markets that extend beyond low Earth orbit (LEO). The ISS is a critical technical testbed for deep-space exploration system and subsystem development and as a testbed for the development of business in space that might be sustained in LEO or beyond, once the ISS is gone. Panelists will consider international partnerships; the development of specialized equipment or facilities; customer expectations; and the development of human-operated, human-tended, autonomous or passive platforms in LEO or in Cislunar space.

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ISS and Beyond: Habs, Labs, and Platforms, from LEO to Deep Space

  1. 1. ISS and Beyond: Habs, Labs and Platforms, From LEO to Deep Space • MARYBETH EDEEN, MANAGER, ISS RESEARCH INTEGRATION OFFICE, NASA (MODERATOR) • SAM SCIMEMI, DIRECTOR OF INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION, NASA • MARK MULQUEEN, PROGRAM MANAGER, INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION, BOEING • ROBERT BIGELOW, PRESIDENT, BIGELOW AEROSPACE • MICHAEL SUFFREDINI, PRESIDENT, COMMERCIAL SPACE DIVISION, SGT SPEAKERS:
  2. 2. ISS and Beyond Sam Scimemi Director, International Space Station NASA Headquarters ISS Research and Development Conference San Diego, CA 14 July 2016
  3. 3. The many colored facets of ISS Today
  4. 4. Research platform advancing knowledge and benefits to humanity Just some of the many colored facets of ISS
  5. 5. Just some of the many colored facets of ISS Platform for developing Mars driven life support, crew health, performance and other habitation systems
  6. 6. Just some of the many colored facets of ISS Mechanism for evolving from “government directed” LEO HSF activities to “commercial market driven supply and demand”
  7. 7. Just some of the many colored facets of ISS Partnership regime provides a solid and known basis for international cooperation in LEO and beyond
  8. 8. Just some of the many colored facets of ISS Development of a worldwide team executing on the edge of knowledge that has built trust and understanding across nations
  9. 9. Just some of the many colored facets of ISS Instrument of foreign and domestic policy
  10. 10. How could these facets effect the future?
  11. 11. How could these facets effect the future? What happens is LEO after ISS?
  12. 12. How could these facets effect the future? What happens is LEO after ISS? Will private industry be able to sustain a commercial market in LEO at ISS end-of-life?
  13. 13. How could these facets effect the future? What happens is LEO after ISS? Will private industry be able to sustain a commercial market in LEO at ISS end-of-life? Can the ISS International Partnership be applied to post-ISS LEO and cislunar space?
  14. 14. How could these facets effect the future? What happens is LEO after ISS? Will private industry be able to sustain a commercial market in LEO at ISS end-of-life? Can the ISS International Partnership be applied to post-ISS LEO and cislunar space? Does NASA have research requirements in LEO post-ISS?
  15. 15. How could these facets effect the future? What happens is LEO after ISS? Will private industry be able to sustain a commercial market in LEO at ISS end-of-life? Can the ISS International Partnership be applied to post-ISS LEO and cislunar space? Does NASA have research requirements in LEO post-ISS? What are the ISS International Partners intentions in LEO and beyond?
  16. 16. How could these facets effect the future? What happens is LEO after ISS? Will private industry be able to sustain a commercial market in LEO at ISS end-of-life? Can the ISS International Partnership be applied to post-ISS LEO and cislunar space? Does NASA have research requirements in LEO post-ISS? What are the ISS International Partners intentions in LEO and beyond? Will private and non-NASA government demand be sustained post-ISS?
  17. 17. How could these facets effect the future? What happens is LEO after ISS? Will private industry be able to sustain a commercial market in LEO at ISS end-of-life? Can the ISS International Partnership be applied to post-ISS LEO and cislunar space? Does NASA have research requirements in LEO post-ISS? What are the ISS International Partners intentions in LEO and beyond? Will private and non-NASA government demand be sustained post-ISS? How can the ISS Program be evolved to effect the outcomes of these questions?
  18. 18. Mark Mulqueen Boeing ISS Program Manager
  19. 19. International Space Station
  20. 20. Space Station Commercialization
  21. 21. LEO Commercial Space Station
  22. 22. Why an Incremental Approach Makes Sense
  23. 23. Providing Ground – Cislunar Habitat
  24. 24. “Path to a Commercial Space Station” Mike Suffredini, President, Axiom Space
  25. 25. Axiom Space, LLC • Axiom Space, LLC is a space commercialization startup – Headquartered near Johnson Space Center • Vision: To colonize Earth orbit as a means to sustained deep space exploration. To build an affordable, state-of-the-art city in Earth orbit by 2040 where any of us could live, visit, work and play. • Axiom Space is a subsidiary of Stinger Ghaffarian Technologies (SGT) – SGT is NASA’s second largest support services contractor – It currently employs 2500+ employees and supports 7 NASA Centers – The corporation earned approximately $600M in revenue last year – SGT is the ISS operations contractor and the science/engineering support contractor for many ISS research disciplines across multiple NASA centers 7/27/2016 26
  26. 26. Path to Commercial Space Station • Axiom’s long term vision includes a large sophisticated space station assembled in Earth orbit as a means to permanently living and working in space (2040 timeframe) – This is a necessary step to truly explore space as pioneers • An important step toward the large sophisticated station is an evolvable commercial space station to follow the International Space Station (ISS) • The first step toward an evolvable commercial space station is a commercial module that is launched and attached to ISS in late 2020 and later becomes part of the evolvable commercial space station when ISS is retired 7/27/2016 27
  27. 27. The Axiom Module 7/27/2016 28
  28. 28. Evolvable Commercial Space Station 7/27/2016 29
  29. 29. How We Imagine our Vision 7/27/2016 30
  30. 30. Investors Need a Compelling Story • Cannot build module or the rest of a commercial space station without major investment • Investors want to see: – A compelling case • Interesting idea • BOE indicating significant return (profits, equity) • Believable market assessment – With risks mitigated • Commitments from customers • Endorsement from key stake holders • Capable key individuals and viable team • The Market assessment has to be compelling with near term written customer commitments 7/27/2016 31
  31. 31. The Market is Key (of course) • An independent market assessment indicates a potentially credible market in the distant future. • In the near term however the expected customer base will not support a commercial space station • Great strides have been made by NASA, CASIS and commercial companies like Nanoracks, Space Tango, Tech Shot and Bigelow – Still the story from a major investor perspective is not compelling enough to part with $100M’s • We need to at least double or triple the number of new ISS commercial users per year to have a chance of a viable customer base by 2024 7/27/2016 32
  32. 32. The Question • Today new commercial users cannot even get started without ISS and the NASA subsidies – The subsidies are mandatory to grow the base • Potential platform providers cannot justify the expense of building and operating their own independent vehicles given the projected customer base – We need ISS and the NL to be successful • But, commercial platform providers cannot get many customers to use their platforms as long as ISS exists • So, should ISS end in 2024, to get out of the way of potential providers, but likely when the market is still very soft or should ISS continue a little longer… ? 7/27/2016 33
  33. 33. Consider • Perhaps we should consider a modest increase in our time and talent investment now to grow the commercial user base at a pace that supports retiring ISS in 2024 • A commercial station would be realized earlier, releasing $2B to $3B in US govt resources alone • NASA (and the IP’s) could redirect the savings and get on with the human exploration of our solar system 7/27/2016 34

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