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Nozomi Kawarazuka "Understanding Gender Relations" case study presentation

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Science Forum 2013 (http://www.scienceforum13.org)
Gender Plenary Session
Nozomi Kawarazuka "Understanding Gender Relations"

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Nozomi Kawarazuka "Understanding Gender Relations" case study presentation

  1. 1. Understanding gender relations: a case study in South Kilifi, Kenya Nozomi Kawarazuka School of International Development University of East Anglia, U.K
  2. 2. Current understandings on gender and nutrition Focusing on gender characteristics Expected Pathways agriculture women nutrition capital technologies markets Incomes kowledge autonomy input outcomes 2/10 Women Men Incomes/expenditures Gender roles in agriculture Bargaining power
  3. 3. Current understandings on gender and nutrition men women power ritualsdiscourse (languages) economic processes culture emotion farming homes bars Routine practices schools Connell (2009) 3/10 Looking at gender relations Changeable Masculinities
  4. 4. Research methods • 8 months of ethnographic fieldwork • Selected 8 women and 8 men Observation Life history In-depth interviews 4/10
  5. 5. Research context 5/10 Palm wine/fisheries for local consumption
  6. 6. Findings (1) Gender relations in local agriculture/fisheries Men Fishing Tapping Men Drinking at local bars Women Processing Selling Children Womencash cash cash 6/10 Fish wine Fish wine Masculinities
  7. 7. Findings (1) Gender relations in agriculture/fisheries Men Fishing Tapping Men Drinking at local bars Women Processing Selling Children Womencash cash cash 7/10 Fish wine Fish wine support supportDepending on women Safety net
  8. 8. Findings (2) Gender relations in family • Women’s diverse and dynamic gender positions A widow woman with seven sons A divorcee with a wealthy male partner A single mother living with her mother and ten siblings A young married woman without a son • The source of women’s bargaining power at home Reproductive roles Their capacity to manage housework (fetching water, collecting firewood, cooking) Seniority Cash (not necessarily from economic activities) 8/10
  9. 9. Findings (2) Gender relations in family • fatherhood Institutional power (ex. inheritance rules of land, bride wealth) ↓ Cash = masculinities alternative masculinities :violence, girl friends, drinking 9/10
  10. 10. Key messages • Gender relations beyond characteristics Women are not a homogenous group What women lack → why they do so Gendered behaviors influence women’s practices Incorporating men into agriculture and nutrition • The role of qualitative studies More nuanced understandings Developing context specific approaches 10/10

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