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Jennifer Nielsen, Helen Keller International, Enhanced Homestead Food Production Model and Women's Empowerment"


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Science Forum 2013 (
Breakout Session 7: Facilitating Research Uptake
Jennifer Nielsen, Helen Keller International

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Jennifer Nielsen, Helen Keller International, Enhanced Homestead Food Production Model and Women's Empowerment"

  1. 1. EHFP AND WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT Jennifer Nielsen, PhD, Senior Program Manager for Nutrition & Health Science Forum 2013 – 24 September
  2. 2. • ENA Training • Community Health Worker Support • Ag orientation CHW Mothers’ Groups HH Gardens VMF-FFS Village Model Farm Farmer Field School Demo-training-supplies • Ag Training • Ag Inputs • ENA Training • ENA Venue • Market Linkages • Value Chain • Ag Inputs • Ag Training Agricultural Extension AGRICULTURE ELEMENT • Market Linkages-Value Chain • Ag Inputs • Ag Training HFs Equity • Food for Work • Options for Landless • Urban Gardening • ENA Training NUTRITION ELEMENT • Essential Nutrition Actions (ENA) • Coordination for HH messaging • Linkages to Health Facilities (HF) Key • Project Provides • Project Facilitates HKI’S ENHANCED HOMESTEAD FOOD PRODUCTION MODEL WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT
  3. 3. • Improve capacity among individuals and communities to recognize and meet nutritional needs of both current and future generations. • Create conditions for empowerment and improved quality of life through participatory approaches that foster shared responsibility for ensuring optimal food, health and care. • Promote social inclusion & equity NUTRITION, FOOD SECURITY & EQUITY GOALS OF EHFP
  4. 4. • Women’s knowledge, self-efficacy & HH support for adoption of essential nutrition actions; the highest priority • Skills, assets for nutrition-sensitive food production and processing (to improve yield, nutrient and market value) • Links to markets for surplus; skills for identifying & seizing opportunities • Increased control over production, income, investment decisions • Right to land access • Shared labor burden to protect family nutrition (women, infants & young children) DEFINING WOMEN’S “EMPOWERMENT” FOR EHFP
  5. 5. Photo © HKI / Keang Khim EXPERIENCES IN ASIA
  6. 6. • Compared to control HH, women participants in EHFP were significantly more likely to report non-traditional roles: – Contribute importantly to HH production & income – Participate in group meetings, visit parental home – Decide how to use HH land – Power to make (small) HH purchases • Building women’s skills and assets for poultry production and financial training for couples altered social norms – Husbands accepted women’s control of poultry investments & income – Husbands’ and in-laws’ respect for women’s increased contributions to HH grew – Women’s exposure to valued training & education enhanced status in community – PRA helped community reexamine norms BANGLADESH 1993-2013: WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT MEASURES
  7. 7. • Addition of group marketing to address barriers women face to income generation: marketing skills; pooling of surplus BANGLADESH 1993-PRESENT: WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT MEASURES
  8. 8. • TRT women reported significantly greater ability to control assets from poultry production – Unadjusted OR 2.83 (1.17 – 6.85) • Significant increases in TRT HH income – Unadjusted OR for monthly income >4,000 NRs 1.39 (1.07 – 1.82) • Significantly higher BMI and Hb concentration among TRT women NEPAL RCT 2008-2012 : WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT IMPACTS (AAMA) Adjusted logistic regressions assessing effect on women’s nutrition Binary outcome variable Maternal underweight Maternal anemia Treatment X time 0.63 (0.47 – 0.84)* 0.59 (0.45 – 0.76)*
  9. 9. Gender approach will target: • Women’s lack of economic say – Joint financial planning – Dialogue on HH decision-making • Women’s high work burden – Increased male involvement in child care • Alcohol abuse & violence – Dialogue on community norms CAMBODIA EHFP FISH ON FARMS 2012-2015: GENDER OBJECTIVES
  11. 11. • Impact evaluation showed relative improvements in women’s assets – Significant increase in TRT women’s assets and in ratio of assets compared to men – Significant increase in TRT women’s small animal holdings – TRT women’s control of production and income derived from poultry • Operations research found shifts in community norms on land use – Women’s access to land for homestead food production – Community opinions regarding women’s capacity to produce and own or manage land – Spill-over effect to non-beneficiary HH BURKINA FASO RCT 2010-2012: IMPACT ON ASSETS • Men continue to control large assets and own land -- Land ownership by women increased modestly (from 2% to 10%)
  12. 12. • Collaboration with ICRISAT & Institut d’Economie Rurale • Links research stations to smallholders with nutrition objectives – Identify acceptable Fe- and ZN-rich varieties of sorghum & millet – Promote women’s production, processing to increase bioavailability (malting, fermenting), nutrition knowledge, recipes for complementary foods, support for local value added and marketing • Enhancing women’s traditional roles – Conduct participatory research with women on improved varieties – Helping women market improved seeds as well as packaged fortified complementary food product for children 6-23 months MALI BIOFORTIFICATION PROJECT:
  13. 13. Photo © HKI / George Pigdor CONCLUSIONS
  14. 14. • EHFP and other nutrition-sensitive agriculture models that target women for support make inroads on gender inequities, enhancing improvements in food security, nutrition and health • Income, assets, skills, nutrition knowledge & practice • Status, respect, role definition, decision-making • Gradual rather than radical change • HKI’s sustained experience in each setting informs culturally adapted strategies that work incrementally • Gender equity third pillar with nutrition & agriculture (CHANGE) • Model continually evolving and building on evidence base and local needs • Partnerships and participatory models are fundamental EMPOWERMENT ACHIEVEMENTS THROUGH EHFP