ISHS Jozef Van Assche Presentation Nairobi Kenya 31 August2009


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Presentation of ISHS made by Jozef Van Assche when visiting Nairobi, Kenya in August 2009 on the occasion of the 2009 AAHC (All African Horticultural Congress)

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  • We could start providing you an overview of the horticultural sector in all countries of the world, but I am afraid that 20 minutes would by far not be enough. Moreover, I do not wish to go into competition with a number of the other, very excellent speakers, our colleagues of this morning. We will limit this presentation to a few important developments in horticulture and horticultural research that are probably valid worldwide. Nevetheless, we didn’t want to miss out on a recent article published in Chronica Horticulturae vol 49 n°3 (September 2009 issue), and of which I brought for your attention a set of reprints that will be available at the ISHS booth during this conference. Dr. Shah and Dr. Kibe, our earlier speakers of today were very complete in their reports.
  • In the same volume of Chronica, I refer to an interesting article republished today but written by one of my predecessors, Dr. Sirks, in 1923 entitled ‘The Internationalization of Horticultural Science’.
  • A few questions come to my mind: 1. Do we really take serious our own profession, or reworded ‘Are we doing enough to tell mankind the advantages of horticultural produce, 2. Are our fellow citizens benefitting of all the advantages what horticulture nature is offering us? When going back in history, and in particular to ancient pictures of the middle ages, we notice that most horticultural species were of use somewhere and by someone. In the picture provided, you can recognize kale, letuce, spinach, asparagus, cowpea, eggplant, lemon and pomegranate. So the answer to the earlier questions is probably ‘no’.
  • I am sure that Ellen Muelhoff of the FAO will support me when we read that the principle causes of death, worldwide, across all ages in 2005 were 30% transmissible diseases, prenatale diseases, malnutrition; 30% cardiovascular diseases, 13% cancer, 2% diabetes, 9% Chronical respiratory diseases, 9% accidents and 9% other chronical diseases.
  • However, relating these deseases to the dietary habit of people,…
  • The World wide Strategy set in place by the WHO to improve Alimentation, to increase Physical Exercise and generaly to result in improuved Health,
  • This Stategy has the following attention for us: it…
  • The answer of the Distribution Sector was to better ensure a ‘Global Sourcing of Perishables’, providing year-round supply.
  • One of the consequences of this policy is that the distribution sector will do whatever possible to better manage risk since ‘uncertainty and risk are inherent to the production of perishabes’. This ‘market law’ has clearly shaped the supply chains.
  • When approaching the same ‘Perishables’ from a Customer point of view (the customer can be your client: the distribution chain, the supermarket, the local shop owner,…, but also the end consummer), he sees a…
  • The conclusion of the above, dear colleague scientists is that ‘Today: it is Time to Connect Again with Food’.
  • What are the … Social & Environmental context: under what conditions are these products produced both impacting the working conditions of the labor force, issues such as gender equity, child labor, but obviously also topics such as impact on environment, etc. Where historically the ‘gardener-horticulturist’ was a lonesome boy (cowboy?), nowadays collaboration has become a key driver for innovation, an interdiciplinary approach for reaching impact, opening a ‘New World of Opportunities from Seed to Shelf’.
  • The UK based distributor ‘Marks and Spencer’ department of Fresh Produce, recognizes 5 key drivers: The same drivers were recently pronounced by the Rector of the Agricultural University of Wageningen, quoting that the world cannot afford to have a similar crisis happening in the Food Sector as we had in the economical sector.
  • What is the impact on us, horticultural researchers? The Research Priorities that become inherent are in such fields as: (1) Sustainable Productions Systems
  • This ‘5 a day slogan’ generated from the earlier discussed WHO strategy for Alimentation, Pysical Exercise and Haelth’ is familiar to most of us.
  • It doesn’t necessarily mean that we all have the same exact understanding of what is meant: A recent commercial slogan in China, but that I also noticed in Thailand ‘Imported Fresh by Air’ does not receive the same connotation as this slogan would generate in Europe.
  • The fifth research Priority: and I certainly wish to applaud
  • The tremendous effort already done by the Banana Research Group of Bioversity (INIBAP – CARBAP – CIRAD)
  • With compliments to our friends of the World Vegetable Center, CIP, IITA, ICRAF, many of your National Research Organizations, and several other members of the Stakeholder Community.
  • As a scientific society the ISHS feels it also has an important role to play. And for us our part of the answer is that Horticultural Science is indeed a Global Issue.
  • How are we, and what is our mission?
  • Proofs of the Growth and Inclusiveness of the ISHS are that the….
  • Formally established in 1959, our membership keeps on growing.
  • Our outreach efforts over the last 8 years made us successful to include not only representatives on our governing Council from mre ‘developed countries such as Lithuania and Latvia, but we….
  • Do I want to convince you to join the Club? Not at all but for your information, we offer…. The conclusion of all this is that we can’t do without you, …..and honestly speaking, you can’t do without us. Let me show you why…..
  • I am going to briefly talk about the ‘Growth of the ISHS Science Program’. We wish to inform you about the growth in our array of Sections and Commissions that reflects new alliances with other organizations and emerging topics such as Fruit and Vegetables for Health and Issues of Sustainability ( remember above!!!)
  • Our new Section on Banana and Plantain came about through a strategic alliance with Bioversity and INIBAB Our new Section on Citrus similarly reflects an agreement with the International Society of Citriculture, and this AAHC may be a good opportunity to put in a plug for bringing the International Society for Root and Tuber Crops to collaborate closer with the ISHS family through a new Section dealing with Tropical and Tuber Crops.
  • Together with this increase in Sections and Commissions there has been a steady increase in the number of International Symposia organized through the ISHS. An all-time high of 47 symposia were organized in 2008 and these symposia represented the interests of all of our 24 Sections and Commissions, calling attention of about 10,000 participating colleagues. Each of these meetings were initiated by one or more of our 112 working groups, organized around specific topics. Each of these meetings resulted in the publication of AH volumes.
  • Growth of ISHS publications and information/knowledge resources: Important is the current number of Acta published both on paper format and on line. The on line resource is growing every day, and welcomes over 28500 page views per day. Earlier today, I mentioned Latin-America: last year our Society concluded a MoU with EMBRAPA Brazil: this MoU resulted in 120 new members from one organization but in 40,000 article downloads from EMBRAPA staff alone!
  • Our Board member Prof. Jules Janick has made special efforts to improve CHronica Horticulturae, and we…
  • Recently introduced ‘Scripta Horticulturae’, a publication of mongraphs and technical issues, with the first number describing ‘The horticultural sector in Uganda’
  • I wish to point out to you our tremendous impact on information/knowledge resources, the PubHort base, for which we reached not only a collaboration agreement with ‘The Journal of Horticultural Science’, but our readiness to cooperate with ‘sister’ societies, and agreements have been reached with…
  • I certainly don’t need to introduce to you our friend Rémi Kahane.
  • ISHS Jozef Van Assche Presentation Nairobi Kenya 31 August2009

    1. 1. Opportunities for Horticultural Research and Production Ing. Jozef Van Assche, ISHS Executive Director in collaboration with Dr. Norman E. Looney , ISHS President and Prof. Ian J. Warrington , ISHS Vice President All African Horticultural Congress 31 August – 3 September 2009 Safari Park Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya
    2. 2. <ul><li>Introduction – Welcome </li></ul><ul><li>ISHS interest and support for regional Congresses </li></ul><ul><li>First International Symposium on Horticulture in Europe (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>First Asian Horticulture Congress (2009) </li></ul><ul><li>All African Horticulture Congress (2009) </li></ul>
    3. 3. Horticulture is a Global Issue
    4. 5. <ul><li>What is Horticulture? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High value plant agriculture embracing: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vegetables: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leafy vegetables </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vegetable fruits and flowers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Root vegetables </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flowers and woody ornamentals (bushes and trees) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Medicinal and aromatic plants (herbs) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 6. <ul><li>What is Horticulture? </li></ul><ul><li>High value plant agriculture embracing: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fruits and nuts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bush and vine fruits </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tree fruits and nuts – evergreen and deciduous, temperate to tropical </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Urban horticulture (parks and gardens) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Specialty crops like mushrooms and turf grass </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 7. <ul><li>Did we learn our lesson from the past? </li></ul>
    7. 8. * Preventing Chronic Diseases a Vital Investment . World Health Organization, 2005 Principle causes of death, worldwide, across all ages in 2005
    8. 9. Weak consomption of fruits and vegetables – an important risk factor <ul><li>The weak consomption of F&V is one of the 10 leading causes of death in the world – responsable for 19% of the gastro-intestinal cancers, and for 31% of the Ischemic Heart Diseases; </li></ul><ul><li>2.7 millions of de annual deaths in the world can be avoided (or 5% of total) by an appropriate consomption of F&V </li></ul>Source: WHR, 2002, IARC, 2003
    9. 10. The WHO/FAO Report on alimentation, nutrition and prevention of chronical diseases <ul><li>Recommends an average intake of </li></ul><ul><li>over > 400 g / day </li></ul><ul><li>of </li></ul><ul><li>fruits and vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>for everybody </li></ul>Source: WHO, TRS 916, 2003
    10. 11. World wide Strategy for Alimentation, Physical Exercise and Health
    11. 12. F&V in the Strategy for Alimentation and Physical Exercise <ul><li>§ 4 – mentions the weak consumption of F&V </li></ul><ul><li>§ 22 – recommends that an enhanced consumption of F&V is necessary </li></ul><ul><li>§ 59 – suggests an international efforts for the promotion of F&V </li></ul>
    12. 13. <ul><li>The Answer of the Distribution Sector </li></ul>Global Sourcing of Perishables
    13. 14. <ul><li>6th picture of JDV: Uncertainty & Risk </li></ul>
    14. 15. Perishables from a Customer/Client point of view <ul><li>Too little focus on adding value for the customer </li></ul><ul><li>Too much focus on reducing risks and maximizing production </li></ul><ul><li>Lower Risk = Increasing Commodization </li></ul><ul><li>It is time to focus on the Customer/Client and to Add Value! </li></ul>
    15. 16. Future of Sourcing <ul><li>Consumer / Product Trends </li></ul><ul><li>Better Tasting </li></ul><ul><li>Food & Feed for Health & Lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>More Convenient </li></ul>
    16. 17. Today: it is Time to Connect Again with Food
    17. 18. Mega-changes impacting worldwide horticulture: Development of new marketing and distribution networks <ul><li>Larger and fewer retailers (30 retailers control 10% of global food trade) </li></ul><ul><li>Predicted that 5-8 supermarket leaders will survive globally </li></ul><ul><li>Produce sourced globally </li></ul><ul><li>Control of IP </li></ul>
    18. 19. Defining Factors for the Future <ul><li>Shift from ‘Reducing Risk’ to ‘Adding Value’: Think Customer/Client! </li></ul><ul><li>Social & Environmental context </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration has become a key driver for innovation. The Scientific community realizes that ‘Knowlege accumulates when it is shared’ </li></ul>New World of Opportunities From Seed to Shelf
    19. 20. <ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><li>- wide range of interesting products </li></ul><ul><li>- all year round supply </li></ul><ul><li>Quality </li></ul><ul><li>- best varieties </li></ul><ul><li>- excellent flavour, appearance, condition </li></ul><ul><li>- convenience </li></ul><ul><li>Value </li></ul><ul><li>- competitive prices </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>- challenge current range </li></ul><ul><li>- produce genuine new products to drive new markets </li></ul><ul><li>Convenience </li></ul><ul><li>- to meet the needs of a fast moving world </li></ul>Marks and Spencer Fresh Produce: 5 key drivers
    20. 21. <ul><li>Specific production methods incl Organics </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated Pest Management </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient resource use </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable post harvest methods </li></ul><ul><li>More efficient transportation </li></ul>Research Priorities: (1) Sustainable Production Systems
    21. 22. Postharvest management – the challenge of storing and transporting tropical fruits
    22. 23. <ul><li>Consistency of supply </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid food contamination </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid microbial toxins </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid pesticide residues </li></ul><ul><li>Manage biosecurity threats </li></ul><ul><li>Manage impacts of climate change </li></ul>Research Priorities: (2) Year round supply of safe and nutritious food
    23. 24. <ul><li>Improved caloric and nutrient uptake </li></ul><ul><li>Improved dietary regimes </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced economic wellbeing </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced employment opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Gender equity </li></ul>Research Priorities: (3) Health promotion
    24. 26. <ul><li>Market analysis and planning </li></ul><ul><li>Produce quality and food safety </li></ul><ul><li>- Sanitary and phytosanitary requirements </li></ul><ul><li>- Postharvest management </li></ul><ul><li>- Compliance and international standards </li></ul><ul><li>- Inspection and certification services </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure development </li></ul>Research Priorities: (4) Improved marketing systems
    25. 28. <ul><li>Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>- Collection, identification and maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>- Sustainable utilisation </li></ul><ul><li>- New product development </li></ul>Research Priorities: (5) Improved germplasm enhancement for greater productivity and consumer choice
    26. 30. <ul><li>Germplasm improvement </li></ul><ul><li>- Breeding and crop improvement </li></ul><ul><li>- Local selection </li></ul><ul><li>- Use of new technologies: biotechnology/marker- assisted breeding/genetically modified crops (?) </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Property rights </li></ul><ul><li>- Education </li></ul><ul><li>- Management </li></ul><ul><li>- Statutory protection </li></ul>Research Priorities: (5) Improved germplasm enhancement for greater productivity and consumer choice (cont’d)
    27. 31. Exotic vegetables – new crops and expatriate markets
    28. 32. <ul><li>Research and Development </li></ul><ul><li>- Local needs </li></ul><ul><li>- Adoption of technologies </li></ul><ul><li>e-learning </li></ul><ul><li>cell phone messaging </li></ul><ul><li>- Development of competitive technologies </li></ul><ul><li>product traceability </li></ul>Research Priorities: (6) Interactive, user-friendly information management and training
    29. 33. The answer of the International Society for Horticultural Science Horticultural Science is a Global Issue
    30. 34. <ul><li>A society of individuals , organizations , and governmental agencies devoted to horticultural research , education and industry to improve human wellbeing </li></ul>
    31. 35. <ul><li>ISHS is composed of: </li></ul><ul><li>>7000 Individual Members in 143 countries </li></ul><ul><li>>150 Institutional Members </li></ul><ul><li>49 Country Members (on all continents) </li></ul>
    32. 36. Individual Members 2.382 4.568 7.073
    33. 37. ISHS <ul><li>Doubled the number of African countries by adding Tanzania, Kenya and Nigeria </li></ul><ul><li>Doubled the number of Latin American countries by adding Columbia, Peru and Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Important gains in the Near East by adding Oman, Saudi Arabia, and soon the United Arab Emirates </li></ul><ul><li>In 2010 ISHS will provide representation for colleagues in both of the World’s most populous countries – China and India </li></ul><ul><li>Dues structure (cont). </li></ul>
    34. 38. <ul><li>ISHS Dues: </li></ul><ul><li>reduced Individual membership dues for developing countries (world bank listing!): 60 euro for 2 years </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional membership 240 euro per calendar year (400 euro includes automatically 4 individuals) </li></ul><ul><li>Country membership 240 euro per calendar year </li></ul>
    35. 39. <ul><li>10 crop-related Sections </li></ul><ul><li>14 discipline-related Commissions </li></ul><ul><li>100+ Working Groups </li></ul><ul><li>30-50 International Symposia per year </li></ul>The ISHS Scientific Structure
    36. 40. Sections <ul><li>Medicinal and Aromatic Plants </li></ul><ul><li>Nuts and Mediterranean Climate Fruits </li></ul><ul><li>Ornamental Plants </li></ul><ul><li>Pome and Stone Fruits </li></ul><ul><li>Citrus </li></ul><ul><li>Root and Tuber Crops </li></ul><ul><li>Tropical and Subtropical Fruits </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Vine and Berry Fruits </li></ul><ul><li>Banana and Plantain </li></ul>
    37. 41. Commissions <ul><li>Biotechnology and Molecular Biology </li></ul><ul><li>Economics and Management </li></ul><ul><li>Education, Research Training and Consultancy </li></ul><ul><li>Horticultural Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation and Plant Water Relations </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape and Urban Horticulture </li></ul><ul><li>Nomenclature and Cultivar Registration </li></ul><ul><li>Fruits and Vegetables and Health </li></ul><ul><li>Plant Genetic Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Plant Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Plant Substrates </li></ul><ul><li>Protected Cultivation </li></ul><ul><li>Quality and Post Harvest Horticulture </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability in Integr. & Organic Horticulture </li></ul>
    38. 42. Scientific Programme <ul><li>1960-1993: 447 symposia </li></ul><ul><li>1994-2007: 395 symposia (~30/year) </li></ul><ul><li>2008: First year to sanction and publish 47 symposia </li></ul>
    39. 43. <ul><li>All symposia published in </li></ul><ul><li>Acta Horticulturae ® </li></ul><ul><li>All Acta (>843) posted at </li></ul><ul><li>>43.000 full text articles </li></ul><ul><li>More than 200 Library Subscriptions worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>>28.500 page views per day! </li></ul>Publications
    40. 44. Quarterly ISHS members magazine Stay tuned to the world of horticultural science
    41. 45. SCRIPTA HORTICULTURAE ISHS publication series for special topics Launched in 2005 ISSN 1813-9205
    42. 46. PubHort crossroads of horticultural publications <ul><li>Acta Horticulturae </li></ul><ul><li>The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology </li></ul><ul><li>Proceedings of the IPPS (Plant Propagators) </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of the APS (Pomological Society) </li></ul><ul><li>Proceedings of the ISMS (Mushroom Society) </li></ul><ul><li>Proceedings of the ASP (Plasticulture Society) </li></ul><ul><li>Fruits (CIRAD-EDP) </li></ul><ul><li>Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Horticolas </li></ul><ul><li>Journal on Potato Research (EAPR) </li></ul>
    43. 47. Enhanced efforts to support and advance ‘ Horticulture for Development’ The role of the Global Horticulture Initiative (GlobalHort)
    44. 48. The Global Horticulture Initiative ( ) <ul><li>GlobalHort: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The idea for GlobalHort and primary leadership came from Dr. T. Lumpkin, then DG of AVRDC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AVRDC, CIRAD and ISHS organized the launch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretariat of GlobalHort located at AVRDC-RCA in Arusha, registered as an International NGO in Belgium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary funding for the Secretariat coming from ICDF-Taiwan, some staff support from France and Germany </li></ul></ul>
    45. 49. The Global Horticulture Initiative ( ) <ul><li>GlobalHort Partners: ISHS, AVRDC, CIRAD, NEPAD, IFAP, the CGIAR Alliance, GFAR, ISF, and ICDF-Taiwan, FAO recently invited to join the Board as the UN rep. </li></ul><ul><li>ISHS will contribute to GlobalHort objectives by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocating for greater attention to horticulture for development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building professional capacity to support horticultural industry in developing countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connecting and informing the community of professionals serving horticulture in the developing world as teachers, researchers and extension specialists. </li></ul></ul>
    46. 50. WELCOME! <ul><li>To this regional ‘First African Horticultural Congress’ </li></ul><ul><li>See you again </li></ul><ul><li>in Lisboa IHC 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>ISHS International Horticultural Congress </li></ul>
    47. 51. See you again