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The Rise of Artificial Intelligence


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By Martin Ford. Martin Ford is founder of a Silicon Valley-based software development firm and author of two books, including The New York Times bestseller, Rise of the Robots: Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future. How will advances in technology affect global business? Ford argues software robots will change the shape of service provision.

Published in: Business
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The Rise of Artificial Intelligence

  1. 1. © 2015 Information Services Group, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Keynote
  2. 2. The Rise of Artificial Intelligence Implications for Jobs and the Economy Martin Ford
  3. 3. Labor hours in the business sector 1998: 194 billion hours of labor 2013 -- 15 years later: ■ Business output up by 42% or $3.5 trillion ■ U.S. population up by over 40 million people
  4. 4. Labor hours in the business sector 2013: 194 billion hours of labor “no growth at all in the number of hours worked over this 15-year period, despite the fact that the U.S population gained over 40 million people during that time, and despite the fact that there were thousands of new businesses established during that time.” -- U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, May, 2014
  5. 5. What makes IT different? ■ Exponential -- at least 27 doublings ■ Delivers machine intelligence -- substitutes for cognitive labor ■ General purpose technology -- invades every business and economic sector
  6. 6. Historical examples ■ Mechanization of Agriculture ■ Specialized / Mechanical ■ Manufacturing and service sectors available to absorb workers ■ Most jobs are routine on some level ■ 1900: farm worker ■ 1950: factory worker ■ 2014: Walmart / Routine White collar
  7. 7. New industries not labor intensive ■ General Motors 1979 (Peak Jobs) ■ 840,000 workers ■ $11 billion in earnings (2012 dollars) ■ Google 2012 ■ 38,000 workers (4.5% of GM) ■ $14 billion in earnings (20% > GM)
  8. 8. Old vs New: Occupations & Jobs Source: Gerald Huff, based on an analysis of BLS data
  9. 9. Productivity vs. Compensation Source: Economic Policy Institute
  10. 10. Labor’s Share of National Income Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, St. Louis Federal Reserve
  11. 11. Global Labor’s Share Source: Loukas Karabarbounis and Brent Neiman
  12. 12. Job Creation by Decade Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, St. Louis Federal Reserve (Zero)
  13. 13. Jobless Recoveries & Polarization Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, St. Louis Federal Reserve
  14. 14. Innovations in Robotics ■ Industrial Perception ■ 3D Machine Vision, Dexterity ■ Moves up to 1 box every second ■ Never tires; no injuries
  15. 15. Self-Driving Vehicles ■ Commercial Drivers ■ Shared Resource vs Owner/Operator ■ Huge impact on peripheral jobs & small businesses
  16. 16. White-collar Automation
  17. 17. White-collar Automation ■ Machine Learning / Specialized AI ■ Huge amounts of data being collected ■ eDiscovery, Wall Street Trading ■ Automation + Crowdsourcing ■ WorkFusion platform ■ Incremental automation
  18. 18. Earnings for College Graduates 25-34 Source: Progressive Policy Institute, Census Bureau
  19. 19. Impact on Consumer Demand ■ Machines do not consume ■ Only people and governments provide final demand for the economy ■ Businesses must be able to sell their output ■ Global Impact
  20. 20. Corporate Profits vs. Retail Sales Source: St. Louis Federal Reserve
  21. 21. Business: Embrace the Disruption ■ AI, software automation and robotics will fundamentally transform business models ■ Businesses that don’t leverage the technology will likely find it impossible to compete
  22. 22. Policy: What Should We Do? ■ Near Term: Enhance the Safety Net ■ Longer Term: Decouple Jobs from Income ■ Guaranteed basic income ■ Incorporate incentives, especially for education
  23. 23. imagine your future™ let’s  connect…