Mary hums human rights in sport checklist

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Mary hums human rights in sport checklist

  1. 1. Human Rights in Sport Checklist: Sport, Human Rights and Development Mary A. Hums University of Louisville Research Fellow Sport in Society
  2. 2. <ul><li>A challenge for me as a Sport Management educator: </li></ul><ul><li>Making SDP understandable for my students – future sport managers </li></ul><ul><li>“ A Conversation with Katherine” </li></ul><ul><li>Today’s focus in on the relationship between SDP and sport and human rights </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>“ The sport, recreation and play domain, far from being trivial, is essential for fully realizing the human rights promise” (Hubbard, 2004) </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is meant by “sport?” All forms of physical activity that contribute to physical fitness, mental well-being and social interaction, such as play, recreation, organized or competitive sport, and indigenous sports and games. (United Nations Inter-Agency Task Force on Sport for Development and Peace, 2003)
  5. 5. Sport and Human Rights - Two Dimensions 1. Sport as a human right 2. Using sport to promote human rights
  6. 6. Numerous United Nations human rights documents deal to some degree with sport 1. Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) 2. Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) 3. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) 4. UNESCO, International Charter on Physical Education and Sport 5. Declaration of the Rights of the Child
  7. 7. 6. Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War 7. Universal Declaration of Human Rights 8. International Convention Against Apartheid in Sports, G.A. Res. 2396 9. The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights 10. UNESCO, Convention Against Doping in Sport
  8. 8. Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women <ul><li>States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in order to ensure to them equal rights with men in the field of education and in particular to ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women: The same opportunities to participate actively in sports and physical education </li></ul><ul><li>States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in other areas of economic and social life in order to ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women, the same rights, in particular: The right to participate in recreational activities, sports and all aspects of cultural life. </li></ul>
  9. 9. 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child <ul><li>States Parties recognize the right of the child to rest and leisure, to engage in play and recreational activities appropriate to the age of the child and to participate freely in cultural life and the arts. </li></ul><ul><li>States Parties shall respect and promote the right of the child to participate fully in cultural and artistic life and shall encourage the provision of appropriate and equal opportunities for cultural, artistic, recreational and leisure activity . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities “With a view to enabling persons with disabilities to participate on an equal basis with others in recreational, leisure and sporting activities, States Parties recognize the right of persons with disabilities, on an equal basis with others, to participate in recreational, leisure and sporting activities …”
  11. 11. To encourage and promote the participation, to the fullest extent possible, of persons with disabilities in mainstream sporting activities at all levels; To ensure that persons with disabilities have an opportunity to organize, develop and participate in disability-specific sporting and recreational activities, and to this end, encourage the provision, on an equal basis with others, of appropriate instruction, training and resources;
  12. 12. To ensure that persons with disabilities have access to sporting and recreational and tourism venues ; To ensure that children with disabilities have equal access to participation in play, recreation, and leisure and sporting activities, including those activities in the school system; To ensure that persons with disabilities have access to services from those involved in the organization of recreational, tourism, leisure and sporting activities .
  13. 13. Conversely, a number of sport organization documents refer to Human Rights 1. The Olympic Charter 2. European Charter for Sports 3. Draft Sport Policy Framework for Africa (2008- 2018)
  14. 14. Question #1 Reflect on why we need these types of policies.
  15. 15. Checklist idea sprang from work on 1. sport for people with disabilities 2. sport and human rights 3. sport for development 4. sport and social change
  16. 16. Checklist contents : Social Rights Health and Safety Rights Sport as Employment Rights Justice in Sport Rights Environmental Rights Financial Rights
  17. 17. SOCIAL RIGHTS - Non-discrimination/Equity in Sporting Participation - Right to Physical Education - Fair Play - Inclusive Facilities and Equipment - Self-Determination HEALTH AND SAFETY RIGHTS - Right to Health, including not Doping - Protection Against Abuse and Violence - Safety and Security   - Injuries and Rehabilitation
  18. 18. SPORT AS EMPLOYMENT RIGHTS - Sport-related Labor Conditions - Employment and Hiring Practices JUSTICE IN SPORT RIGHTS - Right to Due Process   - Access to Information - Freedom of Speech - Right to Privacy
  19. 19. ENVIRONMENTAL RIGHTS - Environmental Violations FINANCIAL RIGHTS - Displacement of Persons   - Access and Availability of Resources/Financial Spending
  20. 20. Question 2 How does the checklist make sense in your organization or setting?
  21. 21. How do sport and human rights and sport for development and peace intersect? Successful Sport for Development and Peace programmes work to realize the right of all members of society to participate in sport and leisure activities (UNOSDP, n.d., Path to Success section). Sport for development lives at the intersection of sport and civic engagement (Hums, Lyras, & Hancock, 2010)
  22. 22. <ul><li>“ The sport, recreation and play domain, far from being trivial, is essential for fully realizing the human rights promise” (Hubbard, 2004) </li></ul>
  23. 23. Question #3 What would a model depicting the relationship between human rights and sport for development look like?
  24. 24. Olive tree
  25. 25. Thank you Questions? Human Rights in Sport Checklist: Sport, Human Rights and Development Mary A. Hums, University of Louisville Research Fellow, Sport in Society

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