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Iain Lindsey Decentering Sport For Development Isdpa Conf


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Iain Lindsey Decentering Sport For Development Isdpa Conf

  1. 1. Perspectives from Zambian Communities ‘ Decentring’ Sport for Development Research: Iain Lindsey 10 June 2010
  2. 2. Perspectives in Existing Literature <ul><li>Published literature largely focuses on international dimensions of the sport-for-development movement </li></ul><ul><li>Critiques often situated in a post-colonial framework </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of in-country studies recognised and ‘anthropological’ research called for (Hayhurst, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Current in-country studies typically examine a single (sponsored) organisation or programme </li></ul>
  3. 3. Perspectives in Existing Literature <ul><li>Implications: </li></ul><ul><li>implicit and explicit assumptions that development is inter national </li></ul><ul><li>overarching portrayal of hegemonic neo-liberal philosophy and ‘global governance’ of sport-for-development </li></ul><ul><li>little consideration of potential agency within the Global South </li></ul>
  4. 4. Research Methods <ul><li>Decentred approach seeks to interpret ‘ways in which individuals create, sustain and modify social life, institutions and policies’ (Bever & Rhodes, 2006, p98) </li></ul><ul><li>University-funded study into local perspectives on sport and youth development in Zambia </li></ul><ul><li>Research undertaken in partnership with two indigenous sport-for-development NGOs (Lindsey et al., 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies of two Lusaka communities through 38 interviews (with approx 60 interviewees) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chawama
  6. 6. Kamwala
  7. 7. Stakeholders in Local Sport for Development <ul><li>Diversity of sporting and generic indigenous organisations – community, faith-based, governmental and private </li></ul><ul><li>Both despair and declarations of community independence in response to limited external involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Attempts to re-establish local state intervention, advocacy and co-ordination </li></ul>
  8. 8. Local Sport for Development Aims <ul><li>Sport almost universally seen as a key contributor to community-based development </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple meanings attached to sport: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>bringing young people together (as end in itself) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>method of engagement and diversionary activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>education tool for development of generic and specific ‘life’ skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consistent with understandings of interconnected nature of complex social problems address </li></ul>
  9. 9. Local Sport for Development Approaches & Issues <ul><li>Approaches attempt to challenge community and global norms and forces ... </li></ul><ul><li>… whilst also being culturally specific and relevant (e.g. hope engendered by peer leaders progression) </li></ul><ul><li>Financial resource challenges linked to international events and policies … </li></ul><ul><li>… but local perspectives emphasise physical resource issues </li></ul>
  10. 10. Conclusions <ul><li>A challenge to singular narratives regarding international sport for development? </li></ul><ul><li>Complex and uneasy fusing of global forces and local cultures, aims and approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Need to embrace ‘imperfect implementation’ - policy makers should learn from and value local diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Gaining ‘decentred’ perspectives valuable in identifying unexamined issues and alternative research agendas </li></ul>
  11. 11. Acknowledgements <ul><li>This research was jointly undertaken with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alan Grattan (University of Southampton) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>and would also not have been possible with the support of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annie Namukanga, George Kakomwe and Greg Shikombelo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>together with their organisations (Edusport and Sport in Action). </li></ul><ul><li>The involvement of all immensely enhanced the research as well as my personal experiences and understanding of Zambian communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Contact details: [email_address] </li></ul>
  12. 12. Perspectives from Zambian Communities ‘ Decentring’ Sport for Development Research: Iain Lindsey 10 June 2010