HISTORY OF SPORTS AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT Although the idea that sports can affect child development is not new, connecting sport-based programs to relevant child development research is new. Dr. Jeffrey Pratt Beedy "The Battle of Waterloo was won on the playing field of Eton." Duke of Wellington Because a metaphor by definition is not obligated to explain precisely how, for example, the captaincy of a basketball team translates to leadership in the boardroom, the links between sports participation and the various goals of youth development (i.e., respect, discipline, compassion, perseverance, decision-making, problem solving, etc.) remain vague abstraction Harvey Lauer, 2002
THE NEW SCIENCE OF SPORT-BASED LEARNING Global Organizations Sports PLUS, Positive Coaching Alliance , The Right To Play , First Tee , The Magic Bus , Doves Olympic Movement and PeacePlayers International connect proven methodologies in conflict resolution, character development and community building to sports for specific ends. Although the idea that sports affect child development is not new, connecting sport-based programs to relevant child development research is new.
ACTIVITY THE PLUS SPORT-BASED LEARNING MODEL Integrated, Development, and System-based PHILOSOPHY PSYCHOLOGY PEDAGOGY PROGRAM PROOF
PLUS ONE: PHILOSOPHY <ul><li> Positive learning </li></ul><ul><li> Transferability </li></ul><ul><li> Educational medium </li></ul><ul><li> Outcome goals connected to research </li></ul><ul><li> Inclusion </li></ul><ul><li> Integration into all areas of community </li></ul><ul><li> Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li> Replication </li></ul>
PLUS TWO: PSYCHOLOGY Social Learning Theory: Modeling Behavioral Learning Theory: Rules & Consequences Cognitive Developmental Learning Theory: Dialogue
PLUS THREE: PEDAGOGY <ul><li>PLUS Learning Cycle/Daily Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>The Warm-up phase of the cycle allows the coach to quiet the chaos and direct the social and psychological attention of the children towards the goals of the day. </li></ul><ul><li>The Activity phase is the active part of the practice or game where teachable moments occur. </li></ul><ul><li>The Cool-down meeting provides the team an opportunity to reflect, dialogue, and set new goals, and to put the PLUS Cycle in motion once again. </li></ul><ul><li>The PLUS Cycle provides the leaders with continuous opportunities to gather the team, reflect on the process, set new goals, and allows the team and coach to transition from one activity to another. Most importantly, the PLUS Cycle allows the coach to be a respectful teacher. </li></ul>
PLUS FOUR: PROGRAM & CURRICULUM (PLUS Manual) <ul><li>PLUS Outcome Goals (connected to research) </li></ul>Community Character Intrinsic Motivation Physical Health Literacy & Moral Theme comprehension <ul><li>Character Theme Units </li></ul>Teamwork Respect Responsibility Fair Play Perseverance <ul><li>Lessons from the Field, Lessons from Literature & Lessons from Adventure </li></ul>Sport Shorts and Theme Books You Make the Call Instant Replays Sport Extras Quote of the Week Respect & Responsibility Huddle
PLUS FIVE: PROOF PLUS LEADERSHIP LEVELS 5 Leading: Understands role as a team member and leader, plus models a step-by-step process for leadership to other members of the team. 4 Contributing: Understands role as a leader and team member, plus looks for new opportunities for leadership. 3 Participating: Understands role as team member and leader. 2 Observing: Accepts leadership role only when forced to and will not contribute when the coach is not around. 1 Detracting: Continuously detracts from the goals of the team. -Adapted Beedy/Carkuff