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Maki Ikegami: The Challenge for Creation of Sustainable Campus at Hokkaido University

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Maki Ikegami: The Challenge for Creation of Sustainable Campus at Hokkaido University

  1. 1. Maki  IKEGAMI   Coordinator,  Office  for  a  Sustainable  Campus   ISCN  2014  Pre-­‐conference   June  1,  2014  @  Harvard  University  &  MIT The  Challenge  for  Crea-on  of     Sustainable  Campus     at  Hokkaido  University  
  2. 2. Hokkaido University in City of Sapporo, Hokkaido Pref. Established in 1876 2
  3. 3. 3 Campus in the City Area: 1 780 000 m2 Floor Space: 740 000 m2 2008: The G8 University Summit (G8 Hokkaido Toyako Summit) Sapporo Sustainability Declaration 2010: Office for a Sustainable Campus established 2012: Action Plan for a Sustainable Campus STARS International Pilot 2013: Sustainable Campus Assessment System Plan Check Do Action Population(University ): 24 000 (18 000 students, 6 000 staffs incl. contract workers) Population(City): 2 million Sapporo Campus Sakushukotoni Creek
  4. 4. 4 To check the comprehensiveness, clear questions and answers. STARS QuesNons  on   overall  plan,   personnel,     management,   and  finance. Detailed  quesNons  on   implemented  acNviNes.   To make a move for sustainable campus, vague questions and diverse answers. Sustainable Campus Assessment System Detailed  quesNons  on   overall  plan,   personnel,   management,   and  finance. QuesNons  on   Implemented   acNviNes.   The university would be inspired to overview themselves. -  What they’ve done. -  What they have to do in the near future. Tier two credits: e.g. organic gardens, LED lightening, investment policy. input outcome
  5. 5. Sustainable Campus Assessment System 2013 4 categories Management Environment Education and Research Local Community Policy, strategy, and plan for whole university   Holistic: Criteria cover holistic activities of the university.   General: to be adopted to universities in Japan/Asia.   Guiding: to help the university develop their future strategy. to show their strengths and weaknesses in each field. Number  of  criteria   Management       42    EducaNon  and  Research   16   Environment       81   Local  community   19   Total                                                                          158 5
  6. 6. I Management 6
  7. 7. C ategory I-1-1 Education and research I-1-2 C am pus I-2-1 Dedicated staff I-2-2 Activities I-2-3 M echanism s to support policy decisions I-3-1 Long-term planning I-3-2 Securing budgets and acquiring funds I-3-3 O perations I-4-1 C om m unity utilization of university assets I-4-2 Servicing of university assets I-5 I-6 I-7-1 Faculty evaluation I-7-2 Recruiting talent I-8-1 Procurem ent I-8-2 C ontracts I-8 Procurem ent and contracts Section I M anagem ent I-1 Policy and overall plan I-2 O rganization to consider sustainability I-3 Financial resource m anagem ent Field I-4 Asset m anagem ent Facility m anagem ent Network to enhance sustainability I-7 Personnel training 7 STARS based
  8. 8. 8 I-1-1 Education and research 1 2 3 Does the m aster plan contain policies and schem es to construct a sustainable energy system ? 4 Does the m aster plan contain policies and schem es to enhance sustainalibity of the univeristy besides energy issues? I-2-1 Dedicated staff 5 6 7 8 Are the infrom ation and achievem etns of these program s dissem inated? 9 10 11 12 13 I-3-1 Long-term planning 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Are national funds for sustainability being acquired? Are private funds for sustainability being acquired? Are international funds for sustainability being acquired? I-2-3 I-2-2 Activities Are faculty and staff being educated about sustainability? Are initernal funds of university for sustainability being guranteed? E.g. space charging, carbon credit purchase. M echanism s to support policy decisions Is there a perm anent com m ittee that m akes policy decisions related to the university’s sustainability? I-1 Policy and overall plan Is there an overall plan and policy for education and research on sustainability? I-1-2 C am pus Is there a C am pus M aster Plan with reference to sustainability? I-2 O rganiz a t ion to consider sustainability Is there a sustainability office and a coordinator? Are there education program s for sustainability opened to local peple? e.g. life-long education Are faculties and students sharing opportunities to work on sustainability issues? e.g. Energy saving cam paign, cam pus user assessm ent Is there a system to evaluate the progress of the overall plan? Are appropriate evaluations being m ade for faculty's and students' activities? Are the internal and external inform ation and opinions realated to sustainabilirty being collected? I-3 Financial resource m anagem ent Is there an operation policy and secure funds for long-term developm ent of a sustainable cam pus with regards to education and research funds, university adm inistrative costs, and overall university resources? I-3-2 Securing budgets and acquiring funds Has sustainability been specifically set as a budgetary expense? I-3-3 O perations Are investm ents being m ade in relation to the environm ent and sustainability? And are im pact assessm ents for these investm ents being m ade? Is there a research fund allocation system in place especially for exploratory sustainability research? Campus  Master  Plan -­‐ Sustainable  energy  system -­‐ Other  sustainability  issues - Is there a Campus Master Plan with reference to sustainability? * Does the master plan contain policies and schemes to construct a sustainable energy system? * Does the master plan contain policies and schemes to enhance sustainability of the university besides energy issues?
  9. 9. 9 Campus  Master  Plan  2006 Sustainable Campus Assessment System Campus Master Plan Facilities Department (Task Force, Working Group) Revision
  10. 10. 10 22 23 24 25 I-4-2 Servicing of university assets 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 Are the results of researchers' work for adm inistrative affairs dissem inated to whole university and im plem ented? I-7-2 Recruiting talent 37 38 39 40 41 42 I-4 Asset m anagem ent I-4-1 C om m unity utilization of university assets Is the com m unity utilizing the university’s facilities? Is the infrastructure of the university utilized am ong local com m unity? (e.g. green area, evacuation sites, etc) Are historical assets being preserved, opened to public, connected to transportation system and unilized am ong local com m unity? Are there environm ental projects carried out in conjunction with the local com m unity? Are public-private partnerships and fixed-term leases being utilized to m aintain the university’s environm ent? Is an assessm ent for existing or newly built buildings being conducted and is its results reflected in the future plan? e.g. user assessm ent PO E(post occupancy evaluation) I-5 Facility m anagem ent Is there an integrated understanding of facilities’ current condition and actual use? Is there a guidline for sustainable building and facilities? e.g. .space m anagem ent、quality of students' study room Is there an im plem entatio plan and m aintenance plan for current and new facilities according to the guideline? Is the budget for this im plem entation guranteed based on a long-term scope? Is a respoinsible person or an organization specified for this im plem entation and m aintenance? Has the university created a sustainalibity network with dom estic universities, public research institutes, and com m unities? Is there awareness of m ovem ents on the dom estic stage? I-7 Personnel training I-7-1 Faculty evaluation Is there a m echanism for evaluating researchers' dedication to adm inistrative affairs related to university's sustainability? Is there a system with a flexible m eans for recruiting talent with com petency in sustainability? I-6 Network to enhance sustainability Has the university created a sustainability network with overseas universities, research institutes, and com m unities? Is there awareness of m ovem ents on the global stage? I-8 Procurem ent and contracts I-8-1 Procurem ent Is green purchasing being em ployed for office equipm ent? Are contracts being com pleted based on the contract patterns prescribed in the G reen C ontract Law? I-8-2 C ontracts Are environm entally conscious contractors being used? Are local contractors being actively used? (e.g. food, m aterials, etc.) Is there a sustainability guideline for goodwill? e.g. social and environm ental responsibility of vendors 6 Utilized  by  community -­‐ Facilities -­‐ Infrastructure -­‐ Historical  assets -­‐ Campus  environment Evaluation  for  researchers’  work for  administrative  affairs - Is the community utilizing the university’s facilities? - Is the infrastructure of the university utilized among local community? (e.g. green area, evacuation sites, etc) - Are historical assets being preserved, opened to public, connected to transportation system and utilized among local community? - Are there environmental projects carried out in conjunction with the local community? 10
  11. 11. 11 the community utilizing the university’s facilities Café, sustainable lifestyle with firewood Model Barn
  12. 12. 12 II Education and Research
  13. 13. 13 II-1-1 C urriculum II-1-2 Sustainability Literacy II-2-1 Sustainability research II-2-2 Living lab II-2-3 Practical com m unity research II-3-1 Encouraging and supporting student activities II-3-2 Student participation in university m anagem ent II Edudation and Research II-1 Education II-2 Research II-3 Students STARS based !  Not mentioning details of curriculum or research to value faculties’ originality. !  Focusing on how campus is being utilized for sustainability education and research (Living Lab) and practical community research. 
  14. 14. 1 2 3 W hat is the ratio of sustainability program s and lectures to all? 4 5 6 II-2-1 Sustainability research 7 8 9 Is the university providing incentives for this type of research? 10 Are researchers publishing the results of these research works? 11 12 Is the university providing incentives for this type of research? 13 Is the achievem ents from this type of research being dissem inated through publications, blushed up, and im plem ented in a real society? 14 15 II-3-2 Student participation in university m anagem ent 16 II Education and Research Does the university encourage off-cam pus internships (related to the environm ent and sustainability)? Are m echanism s being created for student participation in overall university's sustainability planning and cam pus-wide activities? II-3 Students II-3-1 Encouraging and supporting student activities Is the university supporting students' activities related to sustainability? Is interdisciplinary research on sustainability being conducted together with the local com m unity? II-2 Research Is the topic of sustainability being researched at the bachelor’s, m aster’s, and doctoral degree level? II-2-2 Living lab Is the cam pus being used for sustainability research? II-1 Education II-1-1 C urriculum Are there educational program s related to sustainability? Has the university individually defined “sustainability” and developed a specific curriculum including educational program s, internships, and lectures to which this definition applies? Is the university providing incentives for this type of carriculum ? II-1-2 Sustainability Literacy Is sustainability orientation for new students and environm ental education for current students being carried out? Is the university developing and conducting diverse m easures for dissem ination of sustainability issues? e.g. Life-long education program s, questionnaire for students. II-2-3 Practical com m unity research 14 -  Is the campus being used for sustainability research? * Is the university providing incentives for this type of research? * Are researchers publishing the results of these research works? -  Is the university supporting students' activities related to sustainability? -  Does the university encourage off-campus internships (related to the environment and sustainability)? -  Are mechanisms being created for student participation in overall university's sustainability planning and campus-wide activities? 14
  15. 15. 15 leftover from cafeteria + livestock manure (faculty of agriculture) Organic fertilizer for university farm Mobility improvements for tourists and local people Compost University farm campus being used for sustainability research
  16. 16. The 4th Sustainable Campus Contest, 2013 organized by Students Council for Sustainable Development Sustainability Awareness supporting students' activities
  17. 17. 17 III Environment 17
  18. 18. 18 III-1 III-2-1 G reen space and forest land III-2-2 O ther open space III-3 III-4 III-5 III-6-1 Energy m anagem ent III-6-2 G reenhouse gases III-6-3 Renewable energy III-6-4 O ther resources III-7 III-8-1 Environm ental perform ance III-8-2 Indoor environm ent III-9-1 Flow planning III-9-2 Pedestrians and cycling III-9-3 C onnecting with the local com m unity III-10 III-11 III Environm ent Ecosystem III-2 Land Public Space Landscape W aste III-6 Energy and resources Basic Equipm ent III-8 Facilities III-9 Transportation Use of historical assets on cam pus Disaster prevention locations 18 Original Original
  19. 19. 19 1 2 3 Does the plan contain the strategy for indigenous ecosystem conservation? (e.g. biodiversity) 4 Is there an organization to execute these plans? 5 Are the plans’ state of im plem entation and results fully understood? 6 7 Is there an organization to execute these plans? 8 Are the plans’ state of im plem entation and results fully understood? 9 10 Do these plans contain a plan to cope with both preseravation and utilization of green space and forest land? 11 Is there an organization to execute these plans? 12 Are the plans’ state of im plem entation and results fully understood? 13 14 15 16 17 Are the plans based on these guidelines being carried out? 18 Are the plans’ state of im plem entation and results fully understood? 19 20 21 22 Are there ecosystem conservation plans? Is there a plan for the presearvation of natural water system on cam pus? III-2 Land III-2-1 G reen space and forest land Are there green space and forest land m aintenance m anagem ent plans? III-1 Ecosystem Is there a database in which flora and fauna characteristics and distribution on cam pus are recorded? Is the ratio of the land covered with green assessed? Is the result being reflected in cam pus planning? III-2-2 O ther open space Is a cam pus plan being considered, including evaluation of the ratio of open space excluding green space and forest land? Is open space guranteed for cam pus life? e.g. lighting, shade, ventilation Does the university aim to have a cam pus that takes its surroundings into consideration?(building height, design) Is the area of open public space inspired by intellectural creativity with hum anity and culture in m ind fully understood? Is such open area designed in cam pus m aster plan? e.g. square, trail, courtyard Is the area of inner public space inspired by intellectural creativity with hum anity and culture in m ind fully understood? e.g. Lounge、atrium 、cafe、bar III-4 Landscape Does the university aim to have a suitable cam pus that preserves the current design and does everything possible to avoid rebuilding? III-3 Public Space Are there guidelines to build public spaces inspired by intellectual creativity with hum anity and culture in m ind? 8 Database of flora and fauna, - Understanding the current situation - Defining a future plan Organization, Implementation and monitoring HU’s  campus  is  very  open  to  public <Important  elements> -­‐ Public  space   -­‐ Attractive  landscape -­‐ Efficient  Transportation  inside/outside   campus - Is there a database in which flora and fauna characteristics and distribution on campus are recorded? - Are there ecosystem conservation plans? * Does the plan contain the strategy for indigenous ecosystem conservation? (e.g. biodiversity) * Is there an organization to execute these plans? * Are the plans’ state of implementation and results fully understood? - Are there guidelines to build public spaces inspired by intellectual creativity with humanity and culture in mind? * Are the plans based on these guidelines being carried out? * Are the plans’ state of implementation and results fully understood? - open public space (e.g. square, trail, courtyard) - indoor public space (e.g. Lounge, atrium, café, bar) 19
  20. 20. Indigenous and particular flora and fauna Conservation and disclosure Foxes cause echinococcus infection
  21. 21. 21 open public space Indoor public space
  22. 22. 22 IV Local Community 22
  23. 23. 23 IV-1 IV-2-1 System IV-2-2 Activities IV-3 IV Local C om m unity C ollaboration between industry, academ ia, and governm ent IV-2 C om m unity service Dissem ination of Inform ation
  24. 24. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Is the university supporting entrepreneurs by using these funds as grant? 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 IV-1 C ollaboration between industry, academ ia, and governm ent Has an industry-academ ia-governm ent collaboration office been established? Are opportunities of com m unity collaboration activities and research open to the public? e.g. inform ation dissem ination, contact persons in the satellite office Are public lectures for local people and children in line with com m unity collaboration open to pulic? e.g. forest education, m useum lectures Is intellectual property used to contribute to industry? e.g. selling university sourveniors produced by researcher's knowledge or technology Are achievem ents like below increasing?   - Num ber of joint research or com m issioned research   - Num ber of spin-offs Is there an industry-academ ia-governm ent collaboration coordinator? Has the coordinator collectively understood the achievem ents of industry-academ ia-governm ent collaborations conducted by researchers and students? According to this understanding, is the cordinator m atching researchers' seeds to com panies' needs? Is the funds for industry-academ ia-governm ent guranteed? Is the university feeding achievem ents of com m unity collaboration research back to society? e.g. O fficial proposals to m unicipal policy Does the university have a satellite office outside the cam pus for com m unity collaboration? Has a place been created for ongoing consultation with the local governm ent and businesses? Is the com m unity collaboration contact center financially guranteed by the university? e.g. co-finance with external organization Are details of com m unity collaboration activities and research such as sem inars and conferences open to the public? Have docum ents of the results been published for the general public? e.g. pam phlet, brochure IV-2 C om m unity service IV-2-1 System Is there a com m unity collaboration contact center and coordinator? IV-2-2 Activities 11 Contact  office  for  collaboration: • industry-­‐academia-­‐government • community  engagement Regular  contribution: • Municipality • Local  industry - Is there a community collaboration contact center and coordinator? - Does the university have a satellite office outside the campus for community collaboration? Has a place been created for ongoing consultation with the local government and businesses? Is the university feeding achievements of community collaboration research back to society? e.g. Official proposals to municipal policy 24
  25. 25. 25 Agreement  with  City  of  Sapporo,  July  2013    -­‐  Long-­‐term  energy  vision  unNl  2050    -­‐  Scenario  building  for  city  planning                                                                                                  incl.  Sapporo  Campus   a place been created for ongoing consultation with the local government What’s next?
  26. 26. 26 !  Self assessment by 1.  Office for a Sustainable Campus (FY2012) 2.  Environmental Impact Reduction Promoter System (FY2013) !  Dissemination through Architectural Institute of Japan (AIJ) Chiba University, Tohoku University, Osaka University, Yamaguchi University, Kochi University, Ryukyu University, Tokyo Denki University, Ritsumeikan University, Kyushu University Done by HU
  27. 27. 27 Results of 6 universities (score [%] in each category) 27 71.4 90.6 63.9 68.4 (42基準 配点84点) (16基準 配点32点)(19基準 配点38点) (81基準 配点170.5点(162点+8.5点)) 4部門得点率[%] 大阪大学 I  運営 II 教育と研究 III 環境 IV 地域社会 56.0 65.6 52.6 86.8 (81基準 配点170.5点(162点+8.5点)) (42基準 配点84点) (1(19基準 配点38点) (81基準 配点170.5点(162点+8.5点)) 4部門得点率 [%] 東北大学 青葉山(工学)キャンパス I  運営 II    教 III  環境 IV    地域社会 19.0 69.9 11.7 94.7 (42基準 配点84点) (16基準 配点32点) (19基準 配点38点) (81基準 配点170.5点(162点+8.5点)) 4部門得点率[%] 高知大学 I  運営 II 教育と研究 III 環境 IV 地域社会 57.1 62.5 67.4 84.2 (42基準 配点84点) (16基準 配 (19基準 配点38点) (81基準 配点170.5点(162点+8.5点)) 4部門得点率[%] 立命館大学 I  運営 II 教育 III 環境 IV 地域社会 69.0 48.1 64.7 65.8 I  運営 II  教育と研究 III  環境 IV  地域社会 (42基準 配点84点) (16基準 配点32点)基準 配点38点) (81基準 配点170.5点(162点+8.5点)) Balanced Local community oriented Local community oriented Management & Environment oriented Balanced 77.4 72.7 54.4 86.8 (42基準 配点84点) (16基準 配点32点)基準 配点38点) (81基準 配点170.5点(162点+8.5点)) 4部門得点率[%] 千葉大学(甘く採点した場合) I  運営 I  I  教育と研究 III  環境 IV 地域社会 Balanced II Education & Research III Environment IV Local Community I Management 27 II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I
  28. 28. 28 Result of each field, Hokkaido University (Feb. 2014) 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% IV-­‐3  Dissemination  of  Information IV-­‐2  Community  service IV-­‐1  Triple  Helix III-­‐11  Disaster  prevention  locations III-­‐10  Use  of  historical  assets  on  campus III-­‐9  Transportation III-­‐8  Facilities III-­‐7  Basic  Equipment III-­‐6  Energy  and  resources III-­‐5  Waste III-­‐4  Landscape III-­‐3  Public  Space III-­‐2  Land III-­‐1  Ecosystem II-­‐3  Students II-­‐2  Research II-­‐1  Education I-­‐8  Procurement  and  contracts I-­‐7  Personnel  training I-­‐6  Network  to  enhance  sustainability I-­‐5  Facility  management I-­‐4  Asset  management I-­‐3  Financial  resource  management I-­‐2  Organization  to  consider  sustainability I-­‐1  Policy  and  overall  plan 12     allocation 17 12 11 18 4 5 5 16 11 5 24 16 15 6 9.25 40.25 14 17 17 8 4 21 15 2 Result  of  each  field  [%], HU,  Feb.  2014 our possible next steps
  29. 29. Future work at HU "  Revision of the assessment system - The role of campuses as evacuation sites "  Annual self-assessment: We cannot do everything at the same time. So what should we take first? -  Collaborative projects with City of Sapporo focused on energy system? -  Revision of Campus Mater Plan 2006? -  Facility and energy management? Now we are reorganizing task forces and working groups. 29 # No strong incentive : Why we need sustainable campus? # No common sense of sustainability. # Still inaugural stage: top-down approach works. Involving Ministry of Education and nationwide network. (Eco League, CAS-Net) To disseminate the assessment system and sustainability General opinions/problems in Japan
  30. 30. 30 Implementation cycle for sustainable campus development Do Each Department/institute Implementation of environmental impact reduction measures Act Hokkaido University President Provision of instruction on reviewing objectives and plans based on evaluation results Plan Office for a Sustainable Campus Formulation of specific objectives and plans regarding environmental impact reduction Check Expert Committee on Environmental Consideration Assessment for the status of implementation of environmental impact reduction measures Action Plan 2012 for a Sustainable Campus Sustainable Campus Assessment System 2013
  31. 31. Ecosystem  in  the  campus  -­‐  Biodiversity   クゲヌマラン エゾサンザシ フクジュソウ ミク リ ヤナギタウコギ カタクリ クロユリ エンレイソウエコキャンパスツアーエゾエノキ
  32. 32. 3.    ISCN     Membership  since  2013   Sustainable Campus Assessment System 1.    AASHE  STARS     Reported  in  2012   2.    UNI  metrics      (EU  Marie  Curie  AcNons,       2012-­‐2013)     Polytechnic  of  Turin,      VU  University  Amsterdam,      University  of  Cambridge,      and  Hokkaido  University   Learning from others
  33. 33. Candle Night
  34. 34. Talk Cafe
  35. 35. Talk Café
  36. 36. Talk Cafe
  37. 37. CollaboraNon   Agreement  with  City  of  Sapporo,  July  2013    -­‐  Long-­‐term  energy  vision  unNl  2050    -­‐  Scenario  building  for  city  planning                                                                                                  incl.  Sapporo  Campus   37 Focus Group Meeting Transportation, public space and social engagement
  38. 38. Sustainable Campus Café with Environmental Impact Reduction Promoters Communication throughout the university Findings in your usual campus life
  39. 39. 39 Quality of the campus Traffic line & Public space -  Vehicle restriction -  Transportation system inside/outside the campus -  Public space and open area harmonized with city center Regular communication within the entire university The next step from the agreement with the municipality
  40. 40. 40 63 64 Is there an organization to execute these plans? 65 Are the plans’ state of im plem entation and results fully understood? 66 67 Is flow planning in winter taken into consideration? e.g. snow clearing, covered pass, etc. 68 Is there an organization to execute these plans? 69 Are the plans’ state of im plem entation and results fully understood? 70 71 Is the plan being im plem ented to m ake the circulation design m ore convinient to access public transport? 72 Is there an organization to execute these plans? 73 Are the plans’ state of im plem entation and results fully understood? 74 75 76 Is there an organization to execute these plans? 77 Are the plans’ state of im plem entation and results fully understood? 78 79 80 81 III-10 Use of historical assets on cam pus Is the state of conservation of historical buildings being evaluated? Is a plan for their use being form ulated? III-9-2 Pedestrians and cycling Are there circulation plans and im plem entation plans for bicycle and pedestrian traffic? Has wintertim e traffic been accounted for? III-9-3 C onnecting with the local com m unity III-9 Transportation III-9-1 Flow planning Has an im plem entation plan been form ulated with a circulation design that controls the am ount of vehicle, pedestrian, and bicycle traffic? Is an im plem entation plan being form ulated with a circulation design that connects to the cam pus’ surrounding transportation network? III-11 Disaster prevention locations Are there plans to use the cam pus’ open spaces as evacuation sites? And have evacuation routes been identified and publicized on cam pus? Is the m anual for evacuation dissem inated on caum pus by using singnboard, evacuation cam pus m ap, etc.? Is an em ergency drill being held with students, faculties, and local pleople? Are the evacuation routes and sites dissem inated to local people? Reduce  traffic And  then,  plan  traffic  flow   Local  evacuation  sites 9 Has an implementation plan been formulated with a circulation design that controls the amount of vehicle, pedestrian, and bicycle traffic? - Are there circulation plans and implementation plans for bicycle and pedestrian traffic? * Has wintertime traffic been accounted for? (e.g. snow clearing, covered pass, etc.) - Is an implementation plan being formulated with a circulation design that connects to the campus’ surrounding transportation network? *Is the plan being implemented to make the circulation design more convenient to access public transport? - Are there plans to use the campus’ open spaces as evacuation sites? And have evacuation routes been identified and publicized on campus? - Are the evacuation routes and sites disseminated to local people?
  41. 41. Scoring 41 Point allocation  III Environment = the most important category Score A[%] = total point / 334.5pt×100 Rank Score Bronze A<45 Silver 45≦A<65 Gold   65≦A<85 PlaNnum 85≦A   86 pt 32 pt 154 pt 52 pt Quantitative question 8.5pt 2pt I Management IV local community Bonus Allocation  324 pt Quantitative q.    8.5 pt Bonus     2 pt Allocation = 2pt * number of indicators total    334.5 pt II Education and Research III Environment
  42. 42. Platinum  85pt < Gold  65pt < pt <85pt Silver 45pt < pt < 65pt Bronze  <45pt Score 49.47 42 Education and Research 61.75% (North American av. 47.26%) Operation 34.06% (North American av. 35.72%) Planning, Admin., and Engagement 49.60% (North American av. 54.95%) STARS Hokkaido University (20. Dec, 2013) Result of each field + Innovation 1pt

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