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Kent Larson: Sustainability: Scalable models for global impact

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Kent Larson: Sustainability: Scalable models for global impact

  1. 1. ! ! Sustainability: Scalable models for global impact ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Kent Larson Director, City Science Initiative MIT Media Lab KLL@mit.edu
  2. 2. 2 Cities: 90% of Population Growth ! ! ! ! • Compact, diverse districts • Alternative mobility networks • Produce/consume more locally • Efficient use of space/resources !
  3. 3. 1! Compact, Dense, Diverse, Walkable Districts ! (to promote creative interactions and exchange of ideas) !
  4. 4. Population Density: Good & Bad Population (Millions of People) ! NormalizedScale AIDS cases Crime Patents GDP R&D….. (Energy Efficiency) (Water Efficiency) (Arts Activity)
  5. 5. Density Reduces Energy/Person Population Density ! ! ! Energy(Transportation)perperson
  6. 6. 6 © 2013 Centre for Liveable Cities and Urban Land Institute Population Density: Good & Bad Livability Livability ! ! PopulationDestiny(People/km2)
  7. 7. High Density / Low Social Diversity
  8. 8. High Density / Low Social Diversity
  9. 9. High Density / High Social Diversity
  10. 10. 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk 20 min walk Paris Arrondissements
  11. 11. Paris Pharmacies
  12. 12. LEGO Unit City of Microcities
  13. 13. ! 10m x 10m x 1 story = 100SM (1,076SF) Revenue / LU! Activities / LU People / LU Energy / LU Vehicles / LU Vegetables / LU …….. Modeling with Data Units
  14. 14. 10m x 10m x 1 story = 100SM (1,076SF) People / LU = 2 workers (restaurants, cafes) People / LU = 300 customers (Starbucks per day) RETAIL BLOCK (YELLOW) Modeling with Data Units
  15. 15. Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab Modeling form/function
  16. 16. 1km2 Districts in Nansha w/ color-codes
  17. 17. CityScope Ira Winder, Mohammad Hadhrawi, Carson Smuts, Josh Fabian - Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab Kendall Square
  18. 18. Satellite View CityScope Ira Winder, Mohammad Hadhrawi, Carson Smuts, Josh Fabian - Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab
  19. 19. Mobility Modes CityScope Ira Winder, Mohammad Hadhrawi, Carson Smuts, Josh Fabian - Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab
  20. 20. Solar Radiation CityScope Ira Winder, Mohammad Hadhrawi, Carson Smuts, Josh Fabian - Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab
  21. 21. Wind Flows CityScope Ira Winder, Mohammad Hadhrawi, Carson Smuts, Josh Fabian - Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab
  22. 22. Tweets CityScope Ira Winder, Mohammad Hadhrawi, Carson Smuts, Josh Fabian - Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab
  23. 23. Tweets CityScope Ira Winder, Mohammad Hadhrawi, Carson Smuts, Josh Fabian - Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab
  24. 24. Venture Capital CityScope Ira Winder, Mohammad Hadhrawi, Carson Smuts, Josh Fabian - Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab
  25. 25. Land Use CityScope Ira Winder, Mohammad Hadhrawi, Carson Smuts, Josh Fabian - Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab
  26. 26. CityScope Ira Winder, Mohammad Hadhrawi, Carson Smuts, Josh Fabian - Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab Walkability - New City In Australia
  27. 27. 28 CityScope, New City, Brisbane Urban Design Use Case Walkability - New City In Australia
  28. 28. 29 CityScope, Riyadh Urban Design Use Case Walkability - New District In Riyadh
  29. 29. 30 CityScope Ira Winder, Mohammad Hadhrawi, Carson Smuts, Josh Fabian - Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab Modeling Interactions
  30. 30. ! Experience Maps Roppongi Hills, Tokyo
  31. 31. Roppongi Hills, Tokyo Streetscape Experience Maps Roppongi Hills, Tokyo
  32. 32. Roppongi Hills, Tokyo Pedestrian Plynth Experience Maps Roppongi Hills, Tokyo
  33. 33. Roppongi Hills, Tokyo Functional Towers Experience Maps Roppongi Hills, Tokyo
  34. 34. Real-Time Data Observatory & Urban Transformation Simulator of: ! » Movement of people » Movement of vehicles » Flow of goods » Energy flows » Wind flows » Solar access and shadows » Food networks • Creative Collision Zones • Livability • Productivity • GDP • Disease • Crime • Culture Zones CityScope, Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab
  35. 35. 2! Mobility-on-Demand for Cities ! (creating alternatives to the private automobile)
  36. 36. Walking (Privileged Mode) Shared Bikes Shared eBikes On Demand Bus / Tram Autonomous Shared PEVs Autonomous CityCars Shared eScooters Mobility-on-Demand Modes
  37. 37. Persuasive Electric Vehicle (PEV), Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab
  38. 38. CityCar, Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab
  39. 39. CityCar (Hiriko), Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab
  40. 40. CityCar Prototype Hiriko Unveiling at European 1/2012 CityCar, Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab
  41. 41. CityCar Prototype Hiriko Unveiling at European 1/2012 CityCar, Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab
  42. 42. 5Xcars/area with folding and autonomous parking & charging
  43. 43. Urban Networks for Autonomy CityScope Ira Winder, Mohammad Hadhrawi, Carson Smuts, Josh Fabian - Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab ! •Anywhere pick-up/drop-off •No traffic lights •No parking lots •Redesigned pathways •Multi-modal integrations !
  44. 44. 3 Food for Cities ! (addressing nutrition and the challenges of water and energy scarcity with facade- integrated aeroponics)
  45. 45. x
  46. 46. CityFarm Lab, Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab CityFarm Lab Caleb Harper, Jason Nawyn - Changing Places Group, MIT Media Lab
  47. 47. Industrial scale urban agriculture
  48. 48. compared to soil-based farming 100xProduce/land area ! 90%Less water ! 90%Less CO2 ! 60%Less fertilizer
  49. 49. 4 Hyper-efficient Housing ! (urban apartments for young professionals)
  50. 50. 300sf Manhattan Micro-Unit
  51. 51. 313ft2 (29m2 ) Transformable CityHome ! ! ! ! ! Living Room hh…………………………..! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! hh…………………………..! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Zbode Systems
  52. 52. 313ft2 (29m2 ) Transformable CityHome hh…………………………..! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! hh…………………………..! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! King Bed Zbode Systems
  53. 53. 313ft2 (29m2 ) Transformable CityHome hh…………………………..! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! hh…………………………..! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! hh…………………………..! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Dining for 10
  54. 54. Play Area to Dining Zbode Systems
  55. 55. Living to Bedroom Zbode Systems
  56. 56. 200ft2 (19m2 ) Transformable CityHome
  57. 57. ! Hasier Larrea, Dan Goodman, Oier Ariño, Phillip Hampton Ewing 200ft2 (19m2 ) Transformable CityHome
  58. 58. Smart City Eco-City Sustainable City Green City Low-Carbon City Eco-Smart City
  59. 59. Smart City Eco-City Sustainable City Green City Low-Carbon City Eco-Smart City x
  60. 60. Increased Density • Social tie density • Residential density • Employment density • 3rd places density (cafes, bars, hotels, parks, etc.) ……
  61. 61. Increased Density • Social tie density • Residential density • Employment density • 3rd places density (cafes, bars, hotels, parks, etc.) …… + Increased Diversity • Demographic diversity • Enterprise diversity (big companies, startups, research centers, non-profits, etc.) • Housing diversity (young professionals, families, elderly, laborers, etc.) • Activity diversity (eating, socializing, working, playing) ……
  62. 62. Increased Density • Social tie density • Residential density • Employment density • 3rd places density (cafes, bars, hotels, parks, etc.) …… + Increased Diversity • Demographic & ethnic diversity • Enterprise diversity (big companies, startups, research centers, non-profits, etc.) • Housing diversity (young professionals, families, elderly, laborers, etc.) • Activity diversity (eating, socializing, working, playing) …… + New Urban Systems • Compact, dense, walkable neighborhoods • Shared-use personal and public mobility • Micro-units and shared co-working, fab-labs, public spaces, etc. • Local food production and distribution • ……
  63. 63. Increased Density • Social tie density • Residential density • Employment density • 3rd places density (cafes, bars, hotels, parks, etc.) …… + Increased Diversity • Demographic diversity • Enterprise diversity (big companies, startups, research centers, non-profits, etc.) • Housing diversity (young professionals, families, elderly, laborers, etc.) • Activity diversity (eating, socializing, working, playing) …… + New Urban Systems • Compact, dense, walkable neighborhoods • Shared-use personal and public mobility • Micro-units and shared co-working, fab-labs, public spaces, etc. • Local food production and distribution • …… + Increased Events • Festivals • Hackathons • Conferences …… !
  64. 64. Increased Density • Social tie density • Residential density • Employment density • 3rd places density (cafes, bars, hotels, parks, etc.) …… + Increased Diversity • Demographic diversity • Enterprise diversity (big companies, startups, research centers, non-profits, etc.) • Housing diversity (young professionals, families, elderly, laborers, etc.) • Activity diversity (eating, socializing, working, playing) …… + New Urban Systems • Compact, dense, walkable districts • Shared-use personal and public mobility • Micro-units and shared co-working, fab-labs, public spaces, etc. • Local food production and distribution • …… + Increased Events • Festivals • Hackathons • Conferences …… ! High Innovation (Eco/Green/Smart/Low-Carbon City)
  65. 65. ! ! Sustainability: Scalable models for global impact ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Kent Larson Director, City Science Initiative MIT Media Lab KLL@mit.edu

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